The Little Book of Reddit AMAs
About the book
What is Reddit ?
Reddit is a hugely popular online news and entertainment website. It is visited by millions of people daily, who create content on the site by submitting links. People can vote up content they like and participate in the discussion in online forums.
What are Reddit AMAs ?
One of the most popular subsections(or subreddits as they are called) is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything").These are basically online interviews where a user prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers.
Barack Obama, President of the United States
Hi, I’m Barack Obama, President of the United States. Ask me anything. I’ll be taking your questions for half an hour starting at about 4:30 ET.
Proof it's me: https://twitter.com/BarackObama/status/240903767350968320
We're running early and will get started soon.
UPDATE: Hey everybody - this is barack. Just finished a great rally in Charlottesville, and am looking forward to your questions. At the top, I do want to say that our thoughts and prayers are with folks who are dealing with Hurricane Isaac in the Gulf, and to let them know that we are going to be coordinating with state and local officials to make sure that we give families everything they need to recover.
LAST UPDATE: I need to get going so I'm back in DC in time for dinner. But I want to thank everybody at reddit for participating - this is an example of how technology and the internet can empower the sorts of conversations that strengthen our democracy over the long run. AND REMEMBER TO VOTE IN NOVEMBER - if you need to know how to register, go to http://gottaregister.com. By the way, if you want to know what I think about this whole reddit experience - NOT BAD!
[edit: link fixed by staff]
Money has always been a factor in politics, but we are seeing something new in the no-holds barred flow of seven and eight figure checks, most undisclosed, into super-PACs; they fundamentally threaten to overwhelm the political process over the long run and drown out the voices of ordinary citizens. We need to start with passing the Disclose Act that is already written and been sponsored in Congress - to at least force disclosure of who is giving to who. We should also pass legislation prohibiting the bundling of campaign contributions from lobbyists. Over the longer term, I think we need to seriously consider mobilizing a constitutional amendment process to overturn Citizens United (assuming the Supreme Court doesn't revisit it). Even if the amendment process falls short, it can shine a spotlight of the super-PAC phenomenon and help apply pressure for change.
The decision to surge our forces in Afghanistan. Any time you send our brave men and women into battle, you know that not everyone will come home safely, and that necessarily weighs heavily on you. The decision did help us blunt the Taliban's momentum, and is allowing us to transition to afghan lead - so we will have recovered that surge at the end of this month, and will end the war at the end of 2014. But knowing of the heroes that have fallen is something you never forget.
Internet freedom is something I know you all care passionately about; I do too. We will fight hard to make sure that the internet remains the open forum for everybody - from those who are expressing an idea to those to want to start a business. And although there will be occasional disagreements on the details of various legislative proposals, I won't stray from that principle - and it will be reflected in the platform.
Win or lose, I'll be thanking everybody who is working so hard - especially all the volunteers in field offices all across the country, and the amazing young people in our campaign offices.
Making sure we stay at the forefront of space exploration is a big priority for my administration. The passing of Neil Armstrong this week is a reminder of the inspiration and wonder that our space program has provided in the past; the curiosity probe on mars is a reminder of what remains to be discovered. The key is to make sure that we invest in cutting edge research that can take us to the next level - so even as we continue work with the international space station, we are focused on a potential mission to a asteroid as a prelude to a manned Mars flight.
It's hard - truthfully the main thing other than work is just making sure that I'm spending enough time with michelle and the girls. The big advantage I have is that I live above the store - so I have no commute! So we make sure that when I'm in DC I never miss dinner with them at 6:30 pm - even if I have to go back down to the Oval for work later in the evening. I do work out every morning as well, and try to get a basketball or golf game in on the weekends just to get out of the bubble. Speaking of balance, though, I need to get going so I'm back in DC in time for dinner. But I want to thank everybody at reddit for participating - this is an example of how technology and the internet can empower the sorts of conversations that strengthen our democracy over the long run. AND REMEMBER TO VOTE IN NOVEMBER - if you need to know how to register, go to gottaregister.com. By the way, if you want to know what I think about this whole reddit experience - NOT BAD!
Jordan - I'm a Bulls guy.
It will be out soon! I can tell from first hand experience, it is tasty.
EDIT (by staff): As promised http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2012/09/01/ale-chief-white-house-beer-recipe
Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Hi, I’m Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Ask me anything.
Many of you know me from my Microsoft days. The company remains very important to me and I’m still chairman. But today my full time work is with the foundation. Melinda and I believe that everyone deserves the chance for a healthy and productive life – and so with the help of our amazing partners, we are working to find innovative ways to help people in need all over the world.
I’ve just finished writing my 2013 Annual Letter http://www.billsletter.com. This year I wrote about how there is a great opportunity to apply goals and measures to make global improvements in health, development and even education in the U.S.
I’ll be answering your questions live, starting at 10:45 am PST. I’m looking forward to my first AMA.
UPDATE: Here’s a video where I’ve answered a few popular Reddit questions - http://youtu.be/qv_F-oKvlKU
UPDATE: Thanks for the great AMA, Reddit! I hope you’ll read my annual letter www.billsletter.com and visit my website, The Gates Notes, www.gatesnotes.com to see what I’m working on. I’d just like to leave you with the thought that helping others can be very gratifying.
It would be nice if all governments were as rational as the Nordic governments - reaching compromise and providing services broadly. The Economist had a nice special section on this last week. Africa governments have often been weak but you can't write a check to change that. Fortunately the average quality is going up. Mo Ibrahim tracks this in a great way. (http://www.moibrahimfoundation.org/IIAG/)
So far our biggest impact has been getting vaccines for things like diarrhea and pneumonia out which has saved millions of lives. Polio will be a great achievement along with key partners when that gets done.
That portrayal was reasonably accurate....
Robots, pervasive screens, speech interaction will all change the way we look at "computers". Once seeing, hearing, and reading (including handwriting) work very well you will interact in new ways..
I love playing tennis. I am an avid bridge player (a card game if you have not heard of it - it was more popular in the past!). I like to tour interesting things with my kids like power plants, garbage dumps, the Large Hadron Collider, Antarctica, missile Silos (Arizona),... I read a lot and watch courses (online or the Learning Company)..
Polio is the first thing to get done since we are close. Within 6 years we will have the last case. After that we will go after malaria and measles. Malaria kills over 500,000 kids every year mostly in Africa and did not get enough attention until the last decade. We also need vaccines to prevent HIV and TB which are making progress...
I did a TED talk about the climate crisis. Over time we have to dramatically reduce CO2 emissions so using fossil fuels will require us to do carbon capture and sequestration. There has been far too little work on this. (http://www.thegatesnotes.com/Topics/Energy/Talking-About-Energy-Miracles-at-TED)
Higher is better.
Kids. Cheap cheeseburgers. Open Course Ware courses...
Vaccines are very important in all countries. Some of the bad rumors have lead to kids dying of measles and pertussis. We have backed some information campaigns on the importance of vaccination even in the US.
The Nordic countries do a good job on health like they do on many things...
Our goals are focused on helping the poorest (globally) and improving education (in the US). We spend half of our money on global health. One metric to look at is reducing the number of children (under 5) who die. My annual letter talks about the amazing progress that has been made on this. Amazingly as health improves families choose to have less kids so paradoxically population growth goes DOWN as you improve health helping with almost every issue - from stability to the environment..
The Rosling video I posted on Sunday talks about this: http://www.reddit.com/r/videos/comments/189bwr/most_people_still_think_of_the_world_as_being/
I just got my Surface Pro a week ago and it is very nice.
I am using a Perceptive Pixel display right now - huge Windows 8 touch whiteboard. These will come down in price over time and be pervasive...
Hopefully we won't have terrorists using nuclear weapons or biological weapons. We should make sure that stays hard.
I am disappointed more isn't being done to reduce carbon emissions. Governments need to spend more on basic energy R&D to make sure we get cheap non-CO2 emitting sources as soon as possible.
Overall I am pretty optimistic. Things are a lot better than they were 200 years ago..
Weezer.... Actually U2 is a favorite.. I keep waiting for Spinal Tap to go back on tour...
If the microprocessor had NOT come along I am not sure what I would have done. Maybe medicine or theoretical math but it is hard to say.
Most giving is done by the middle class so it is the backbone of generosity particularly in the United States. A key thing is to support government aid which is only 1% of the budget but helps poor countries in incredible ways.
Not as much as I would like to. I write some C, C# and some Basic. I am surprised new languages have not made more progress in simplifying programming. It would be great if most high school kids were exposed to programming...
We had a rich database as the client/cloud store that was part of a Windows release that was before its time. This is an idea that will remerge since your cloud store will be rich with schema rather than just a bunch of files and the client will be a partial replica of it with rich schema understanding.
Vista was what eventually shipped but Winfs had been dropped by then.
Microsoft does a lot of software for the Mac. I mostly use Windows machines but from time to time I have tried all of Apple products.
The violence against the vaccinators in both Pakistan and Nigeria is a terrible thing. However both countries are committed to finishing the eradication. This is the project I spent most of my time on. We should be able to finish by 2018 although that will require raising funds and some great execution. We have some innovations like the way we use satellite maps to find all the villages and GPS tracking to make sure the teams go to every hut that are helping out. Polio is a harder disease than smallpox was but it is doable. (I discuss this more at www.billsletter.com and you can learn more about the progress against polio with this infographic: http://annualletter.gatesfoundation.org/#nav=section4&slide=2)
I have enjoyed meeting other philanthropists and talking about what they work on. I think there is a movement to do more, start sooner and be smarter about giving. Philanthropy is mostly about a broad set of people giving but it helps if the most wealthy set a strong example...
I definitely think leaving kids massive amounts of money is not a favor to them. Warren Buffett was part of an article in Fortune talking about this in 1986 before I met him and it made me think about it and decide he was right. Some people disagree with this but Melinda and I feel good about it.
He and I respected each other. Our biggest joint project was the Mac where Microsoft had more people on the project than Apple did as we wrote a lot of applications. I saw Steve regularly over the years including spending an afternoon with him a few months before he tragically passed away...
Less than I used to. It was part of exercise for snow skiing. I still ski but I am not as hard core...
I am glad you kept it!
The ability to test your knowledge and get refreshed on a topic you are making mistakes on will personalize a lot of the learning experience. People like Sal Khan are out in front figuring out how to do this well. My foundation has funded a lot of MOOCs focused on community college kids or kids who have to take remedial math. I am optimistic these will make a big difference.
Free software. Just kidding.
My favorite of the last decade in Pinker's Better Angels of our Nature. It is long but profound look at the reduction in violence and discrimination over time. I review a lot of the books I read at gatesnotes.com (is that too self-promotional? http://b-gat.es/12GKLyN)
India is making progress but there is still a lot to do particularly up in the North. They still need to add some of the vaccines that poorer countries are already using and saving lots of lives. India did a great job on polio and is increasing the health budget. We work closely with the federal and state governments to help out...
There are two things this could reference. One is the free/pay for software mix. The Internet has benefited from having lots of free stuff and lots of commercial software. It has been interesting see people inventing hybrid models. Even stuff that is pretty commercial often has free versions for some audiences. Even the most open stuff often have services people choose to pay for.
The second thing is the anonymous versus identified tension. This is another one where both will probably thrive since you want anonymity for some things and full identity for others. I am surprised how little progress has been made in the identity space but it will improve.
Seriously Bing is the better product at this point. Try the challenge. I am biased but the work to make Bing better has been amazing.
It is a huge advance for Windows which people will see even more as the great applications and hardware come out..
Neil deGrasse Tyson
For a few hours I will answer any question you have. And I will tweet this fact within ten minutes after this post, to confirm my identity.
Life elsewhere in the solar system. Mars, most likely.
Excellent question. Sagan's "sober wonder" was a fundamental dimension of Cosmos's gravitas. Something that we all in this new production deeply respect. But I can't be something I'm not. Nor should I be. So right now we are exploring the best mix of sober wonder, charming humor, and intellectual depth. I think we'll land in a new place, respectful of Carl's legacy, but allowing me room to express my pedagogical enthusiasm for the subject.
M. Burbidge, G. Burbidge, W. Fowler, & F. Hoyle. Google them.
Course title every university should offer: "How to tell when someone else is full of shit"
That adults are not all they're cracked up to be. And most of them are wrong most of the time. This can be quite revelatory for a kid - often launching them on a personal quest of exploration, rather than of Q&A sessions with their parents.
1) The fact that an electron has no known size -- it's smaller than the smallest measurement we have ever made of anything.
2) That Quarks come only in pairs: If you try to separate two of them, the energy you sink into the system to accomplish this feat is exactly the energy to spontaneously create two more quarks - one to partner with each of those you pulled apart.
3) That the space-time structure inside a rotating black hole does not preclude the existence of an entire other universe.
MindBlown x 3
The Matrix - The first one, of course.
And classical have: 2001 A Space Odyssey.
That our bodies atoms are traceable to supernova stars that scattered their chemical enrichment across the cosmos, spawning the birth of star systems that contain planets, at least one of them containing life.
Made a prediction some years ago that there were 10x as many galaxies in the universe than had then been catalogued. based on a careful review of observation bias in how people obtained data on the universe. The actual number turned out to be about 5x as many galaxies. I got the wrong answer but for the right reasons, and it stimulated much further work on the subject.
Only when creative people take ownership of cosmic discovery will society accept science as the cultural activity that it is.
And so I applaud all such efforts of artists.
1) Mistake in the data
VERY DISTANT 2) New particle traveling backwards through time. No need to modify relativity.
EVEN MORE DISTANT 3) Need to modify Relativity.
Kids are never the problem. They are born scientists. The problem is always the adults. The beat the curiosity out of the kids. They out-number kids. They vote. They wield resources. That's why my public focus is primarily adults.
Create a goal state for educational pipeline to see in broad daylight - some ambitious mission - like a voyage to mars - that is so compelling that the quality of your science teacher is irrelevant. Your consequent ambitions trump all other forces.
No. But millions of dollars is a good start. I'd buy a lottery ticket for that.
Yes, I think it's inevitable. But that would eventually make for a very crowded Earth. So perhaps that's what we need to jumpstart the space program.
Would love to live long enough to know what dark matter and dark energy actually are.
It's much better than a few decades ago - in quality and especially quality. Documentarians have raise the bar on the depth of science that gets talked about on television. And there's no end of science on line. In the 1970s you could go months before you saw any news or treatment of scientific discoveries. Now you're treated to them weekly, if not daily.
Cure for Cancer. Fully funded space exploration. Physics recognized as the foundation of chemistry. Chemistry recognized as the foundation of biology. And free market structured in a way that brings these discoveries to market efficiently and effectively.
yes. Precisely. Which means ----- are you seated?
Photons have no ticking time at all, which means, as far as they are concerned, they are absorbed the instant they are emitted, even if the distance traveled is across the universe itself.
There are street artists. Street musicians. Street actors. But there are no street physicists. A little known secret is that a physicist is one of the most employable people in the marketplace - a physicist is a trained problem solver. How many times have you heard a person in a workplace say, "I wasn't trained for this!" That's an impossible reaction from a physicist, who would say, instead, "Cool. A problem I've never seen before. Let's see how I can figure out how to solve it!". Oh, and, have fun along the way.
A foreign threat. That seems to be the only thing around that motivates bickering political parties to act in harmony.
I lose sleep worrying that we, as a species, are indeed simply too stupid to figure out the universe. There's even some YouTubes of me offering this lament. I other words, we are not as candid as we should be about our neuro-biological limitations.
Society needs to see science not as a luxury of funding but as a fundamental activity that drives enlightenment, economics, and security. Science agencies should never have to go hat in hand to congress.
One idea would be for the USA (or any other country for that matter) to earmark 10% of its budget to R&D. Like a good startup company might do. That way everyone knows what to expect annually. And long term research projects will have some hope of funding stability.
Asteroids that might one day hit us.
Watching a person learn something new - not simply a new fact (those are cheap and easy) -- but achieve a new understanding for how the world works. That's the only reward a (true) educator ever seeks.
That the north star is the brightest in the night sky. I'd guess about 9 out of 10 people think this. But it does not require a grant from the National Science Foundation to learn the answer. The North Star is not even in the top 40 in the night sky. It's the 49th brightest star. Rather dull and boring by most measures.
I thrive on exploring all the ways science impacts life, society, and culture. It's the founding principle of StarTalk radio: http://startalkradio.net/
So a goal as teacher, perhaps ought to include knowing as much as you possibly can about pop culture and referencing it at every turn as you teach the syllabus. I am there with my Tweets: http://twitter.com/#!/neiltyson Takes a while to build up that utility belt of songs, TV shows, harry potter, etc. But it pays great dividends.
That is will never end. That it's on a one way trip of expansion. Something that many find to be philosophically unsettling. My view is that if your philosophy is not unsettled daily then you are blind to all the universe has to offer.
There's no substitute for Oobleck. Easy to concoct in the kitchen. Weeks of amazing experiments on the counter. Google it.
Europa is not on the planetary scientist's priority list, for an obscure combination of reasons that relate to cost and whether we are technologically prepared to undertake such mission versus missions to other tasty targets in the solar system.
Because it would be fun. And because we will probably learn something new about ourselves and our own planet. But not as a place to escape from an incoming asteroid. For that I'd rather stay on Earth and deflect the damn thing.
Thanks for asking. Spring 2012. On FOX network. Likely primetime. UK will likely follow shortly thereafter.
None of it. Not even the costumes.
Loooong overdue. Last one was 31 years ago. A generation, that it.
Birthing a scientific research department of Astrophysics. You don't see them but it's a thriving department with faculty, postdocs, graduate students, research publications etc. In this world administrative victories are always the greatest.
Search for aquatic life in the oceans of Jupiter's moon Europa.
Thanks. We're all working hard on it right now. Except, at this moment, me.
I always wanted to be respected for my mind...
But seriously, it turned out to be much more harmless than I had feared. More a fun novelty than either a curse or a burden to carry
No pressure at all. Instead, I feel compelled to get people to support science for their own survival.
I find the entire movement to be entertaining, in spite of my skepticism that the singularity will have the meaning ascribed to it. I'm primarily pissed off that they stole a perfectly good word from black-hole physics.
Keep it going. Thanks.
Agree 100%. Any time we are answer-driven rather than idea driven, we have lost the true meaning of education.
Yup. Stewie was meddling with it. But he's gone now.
Yup. That's what happens when I let Stewie touch my stuff.
The funnest 24 hours I ever spent in my life. Flew to LA from NYC in the AM. Returned on the RedEye. It's mainstreaming the culture of science. Note to those who criticize it: Where were you when scientists were always portrayed as lab-coat donning crazy people hell bent on destroying the world?
I've appeared on the Jeopardy board (a video clue) about three or four times. I think one was even a daily double. If I were a contestant, I'm sure I would make the first few rounds, but would surely lose in any tournament. The people who win these things have a different brain wiring than I have. Part of me echoes Einstein's edict: never memorize what you can look up in a book.
I remain unconvinced that anything other than rapid decomposition is the fate of my body and mind after death. I've accomplished enough in life so that I do not fear death. In fact, I've left instructions for my Epitaph - a quote from the educator, Horace Mann: "Be Ashamed to Die, Until You Have Scored Some Victory for Humanity". That's the creed I live by. And will die by.
Gotta love Mars. But it's colder and dryer than Antarctica. And I don't see people lining up to build condo's at the South Pole. So until we perfect Terraforming, I see colonizing Mars with civilization as a fun fantasy.
The result would be an explosion large enough to destroy a small village. high speed collisions do that, whether or not they are made of Mexican food.
That America has lost its technological and scientific compass.
Gotta love Brian May and his PhD in astrophysics.
First heard Bohemian Rhapsody on the radio when I was only half asleep. An incident like that can accidentally alter your brain wiring.
That's why I wrote this book: :"The Sky Is Not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist"
it all started at age Nine. And it was the universe that called me.
1) My life is not especially private of late. So everything you see me do it what I do.
2) cats can be cute, and all. But in the end, I think there's no substitute for a dog. I walked dogs for money as a kid to pay for a telescope and my first SLR camera.
3) Current space travel situation is fine, if you are not American.
I'm too rational to be deeply scare of anything. But I'm deeply worried for America.
Do we blame them or the viewers who watch it?
I don't mind anti-science views. We've all bought into America being free - which means, above all else, freedom of speech. What concerns me is when those who are anti science, try to prevent others from doing science. When that happens, that's the beginning of the end.
It's what people say when they can't figure out how ancient humans accomplished something.
Rather than say, "I'm too stupid to figure this one out on my own", they say, "I am smarter than these ancient humans, and since I can't figure out what's going on here, they must have had help from aliens."
We need more hubris in this world.
Gotta love Brazil: Soccer. Mardi Gras. Thong bikinis.
And the third largest aerospace industry in the world.
My parents. Still alive and married 59 years.
See link earlier.
it's really a two-way street. If people didn't enjoy it I wouldn't do it. I'd just stay home and work.
I'm old-school: Kirk. Then Spock a distant second. Then the tribbles.
Happy to have been there -- and made a difference. Although I still think of myself as a child.
I love the future. Or rather, I love the future we might invent for ourselves that I have not yet dreamt of.
This should cure that problem:
We are a capitalist nation, of which ads on the side of space craft are an inevitable consequence of free-market exploitations.
Forgive the cheap plug, but I just wrote a whole book on this, to appear in Feb 2012, titles "Space Chronicles".
I originally called it "Failure to Launch" but the publishers nixed the title, citing it was too depressing.
Here's the listing for a pre-order, if interested. http://www.amazon.com/Space-Chronicles-Facing-Ultimate-Frontier/dp/0393082105
A state of negative energy means that you are essentially getting something for nothing. Confounds common sense, but so does most of 20th century physics. Modern science is under no obligation to satisfy the expectations of your five senses.
All good. If you are unfamiliar, The Teaching Company has 12 of my lectures, titled collectively "My Favorite Universe". They're on DVD, but I think they might also have an audio version for commuting.
Just to be clear...
It's not that Religion holds back science, it's that dogma-in-charge holds back science. And since Religion is a form of dogma (almost by definition of the word), then if religion is ever in charge of a political state, it will most assuredly hold back science.
I've always admired the intensity of arguments that unfold on these pages. Happy to partake, even if only briefly. In fact it is here that I must resume my day and part ways with the Redditverse. Farewell to all. Maybe we can do this once a month. In the meantime, my tweets are live: http://twitter.com/#!/neiltyson
As always, keep looking up.
-Neil deGrasse Tyson
In physics, opinions don't matter, only demonstrated experiments. The day the fellow succeeds, if ever, he won't need anybody else's opinion.
Saturn. Without a doubt. Just one peek at it through a backyard telescope and you might just agree with me.
Study STEM, but then do anything else -- and when you do, you'll be scientifically literate. A form of brain wiring that improves the depth and strength of every decision you will ever make in life.
Clearing the 'hood turns out to be a quantifiable statement that I detail in "The Pluto Files" http://www.haydenplanetarium.org/tyson/buy/books/the-pluto-files
I think the argument is sensible, cogent, and not likely o require further adjustments.
Space wants to kill you every opportunity it can get.
Still baking the episodes. Trust that the "franchise" is in good hands and that we want to have the same impact on a next generation as the original Cosmos had on its generation.
You should chose your heroes a-la carte. Picking and choosing from one and then another, thereby assembling a kind of composite hero. That way when you discover something reprehensible about any one of them it matters nothing to you because that's not the part of them that piqued your interest.
I remain daily inspired by the depth of appetite the public expresses of the cosmos. That keeps me going. And it grants me the confidence that success is within reach.
Carl Sagan had no influence on my career choice. I was already formed when he went public. But he influenced me in important other ways:
We are too stupid to interest them. So they go elsewhere.
The consequence of professors who would in a perfect world have no students at all.
Some colleges are changing that. And they know who they are.
Mundane? Any place devoid of cosmic collisions. How dull is that.
Exciting? See earlier post.
None. They are all in astrophysics.
No edge. Any more than the horizon at sea is an edge to the earth.
"Burgundy", by Robert Parker and "the Myth of Science Literacy" by Morris Shamos and back issues of Skeptical Inquirer magazine: http://www.csicop.org/si/
Bill Nye the Science Guy
I'll start with the few questions sent in a few days ago. Looking forward to reading what might be on your mind.
I do love model trains. They carry memories from childhood. But for me, there's more. If we had more and better trains in the U.S., I'm pretty sure we'd be better off. Trains are more efficient than just about any other form of transportation: They roll with much less friction than rubber tires. They do not have to carry surplus motive power (energy/unit of time). And, they run on schedules that can be optimized for energy use and level of service. What's not to love?...
The landing on Mars! It's next Sunday night or Monday morning, depending on your time zone. The Curiosity rover will be lowered onto the surface of Mars by a "sky crane." It's like science fiction; only it's real. The Planetary Society is hosting "Planetfest" events around the world. The central event is at the Pasadena Convention Center. It's goes on all weekend. It's going to be wild! Hope you'll join us! We may make a discovery about martian living things that changes the world(s)!!
Show then tell. Show them your passion. Science is the best ideas humans have had (so far). Let your people see it for themselves. Science Rules.... the universe, and that includes us.
Stories like yours. No kidding, that's lovely. Thank you, and thank you all for your wonderful words. It's after 16:30 here in the Pacific Time Zone. I've got to fly. I'll be back my O my, Bill Nye the Science Guy.
Everyone you will ever meet knows something you don't. I respect that especially. I think I know to whom you refer, certain newscasters (?). When they ask odd questions, it generally means they're asking from their own experience. They have something on their mind(s). I work to respond to that.
First of all, thank you. I often stop and try to get it. I try to grasp the popularity and influence of the Science Guy show, but I'm not sure I do. If I may, I love you guys...
If I go into Starbucks, and the people don't know about my show, or my Planetary Society job, or my recent recognition from the Am. Society of Mech. Engineers, the coffee seems to be about the same price. These are all things I feel good about. How else should or would I feel? Hmm...
Astrophysics, the business of television, baseball, wine, and women.
Stay tuned ;-)
That's just cool everyone. Thank you.
That's very nice. It is I, who must thank you for the kind words and support. Let's change the world.
In 20 years Jim & Erren, and I (the producers) have still not "earned out." This is to say, according to the accountant at the legal entity involved, we still haven't shown a profit. I am of course open-minded, but skeptical. It's the way of the world.
That's not easy. The liquid helium alone is hard to keep around ;-)
Share in Planetfest, the Curiosity rover landing on Mars. Make your own sky crane. Look at jarosite with a hand lens. Imagine what it would be to find it on Mars. Check out planetfest.org.
This mission may change the world.
You stumped me. What profession doesn't involve science? Lumberjack? Plenty of science. Bus driving? Hope you have a sense of momentum, torque, traction, and the passage of time. For me, science rules.
Inertia is word embraced by Isaac Newton himself. It's whatever is about matter, about stuff, that gives it mass. Next time you're in space with a bathroom scale, look down... wait, look in the direction of the scale. It will read zero, yet you know that you still have a feature or property that makes you harder to push around than the scale itself, but easier to push around than your Millennium Falcon. That's inertia. Give it some mull, hmmm...
Ride my bike
Devise ways to grow more food in my garden and save energy in my house.
Life's pretty gooood.
When you see one you like, just buy it. If it's good lookin', someone is right behind you ready to snap it up. I find them at Nordstrom (the store and Rack). I have a couple dozen that Beau Ties of Vermont made into bows from straight ties with intriguing patterns. Astronomy2Go is a good source thereof. Right now, I'm diggin' the slimline with arrow points. Ahh...
Not so far as I know (that would be big fun). That's Neil's Deil... Deal. It's going to be great.
Vote for improving schools every chance you get. If you're a parent, get as involved in your kids' education as you can...without troubling the teachers ;-).
The longest journey begins with a single step. In my view, we have to support schools, which might be written $upport $chool$$$. That takes taxes, and that takes a majority of us believing in public education.
Governments, especially the U.S. government, is system of laws. Those are written and developed by people drawn to that business. Many scientists are drawn to other intellectual pursuits. As an engineer, I might rather be making things instead of talking about directing people's behavior. One of the things that makes the U.S. so attractive to immigrants is the sophistication and quality of our laws. Much as people like to complain. Our laws in the U.S. are better than than they are in much of the rest of the world.
You can download 33 of them from iTunes. "They" are working on setting up the remaining 67 episodes. A couple days ago, I hoped to download Space Exploration, but it's not there yet. It's coming along with the others... Stay tuned.
Right on! Change the world.
I thanked them for killing me. I mean come on, C2H4O2 + NaHCO3 produces CO2. It's heavier than air. It was a joke people. O my, that's some nerd comedy right there.
I guess it was ultimately good for my career... at least so far ;-)
We'd start earlier with algebra. Let's have symbols for numbers early, early in school. That will enhance everyone's appreciation of science. It should be an inexpensive thing to pull off. Stay tuned.
I always liked the occasional Stargate. I have approximately No Time for theories about ancient astronauts coming here and building pyramids and runways. What does that say about our ancestors? That they weren't smart enough to make a right angle? That they couldn't draw a straight line, even with a perfect beam of light? Cheer up. Humans are okay.
The Almost Live guys are still good friends. Ross and I stay in touch. I spoke with Steve Wilson this morning. Bob Nelson may be the funniest writer in history. Sensors indicate that Pat Cashman is the funniest announcer, who has ever lived. I remember the floor director starting to laugh when I played Og Brockaw on the Hunter Gatherer Report. I could barely deliver the lines. Bo Arg ran off a cliff to escape a swarm of bees, "The god of gravity sucked him down and made him flat," for example.
Nancy Guppy's housewife character said to Pat Cashman's J.T. Plumber that she "couldn't help but notice is caulk." I can't even type; it was so funny...
I speak at universities all the time. My agent is Betsy Berg. Find her on BillNye.com
The accelerating expanding universe still gets my vote.
A smart electric power grid could save us from ourselves.
Star Trek, the original (I am of that age).
NASA is the best investment we make for less than $18 billion. No one else can do what we'll witness Sunday next when we land on Mars. Check out planetfest.org
When I first saw craters on the Moon through a telescope... that was something...
Thank you indeed. Let's change the world.
We have to chip away. Adults are hard to influence once their brains have formed a belief. I hope to foster a generation of people, who embrace the process of science. We'll see. Science is political, because it's done by humans. We all have to be part of the process in the public debates. Vote.
The space shuttle cost around $1.5 billion a flight. It had to be retired before those resources could be redirected to more productive programs. We're at a cross roads in space exploration. Stay tuned, and of course. Try Planetfest next weekend!
We need a national common purpose, a goal we can achieve together analogous to landing people on the Moon (and returning him safely to Earth). I'd like us to have a completely renewable energy system conceived, designed, built, and used by every one of us in the U.S. We could lead the world in doing more with less. That effort would trickle up into every aspect of our lives, schools included.
It is a cool product. It cleans well enough. But, what it really does is kill germs. It's remarkable. The company seems to have been undercapitalized. The units were coming out at $150 a pop. People were reluctant to invest. It's the same technology used in the most popular brand of industrial floor scrubbers. There, the units are big, so the price per is not a hard sell. We'll see what the future holds. I use mine every day.
If you become an engineer, you use science to solve problems and make things. Everything you see around you, your computer especially, came out of someone's head. And generally, that person was an engineer. Not bad...
Science is part of everyone's everyday life. Hard to find anything lovelier than a tree. They grow at right angles to a tangent of the nominal sphere of the Earth. They take water from the ground toward the sky. They are made mostly of carbon... which they take in right out of the air. How cool is that... and so on and on and on and on and on and on and on....
My favorite space event is yet to come. Next weekend, when we land on Mars. Did I mention Planetfest? ;-)
Love that song: Science Rules
Mt St Helens isn't going to kill many more people in the near future. If you like to worry about things, consider a 150 meter asteroid with our name on it. Yikes! It's the reason the Planetary Society is working with the B612 Foundation to assay and deflect an asteroid some day.
Be funny as well as funny looking...
I was mauled by a bear, fought it off, and drove 4 miles down a mountain with my face hanging off. AMA
Hello, my name is Allena Hansen. In 2008 while I was working on my isolated mountain property, I was mauled by a predatory black bear. Saved by my thumbnail and my two faithful ranch dogs, I hiked out of a box canyon and drove myself four miles down a rutted logging road to our little rural fire station from which I was airlifted to UCLA Medical Center. There I underwent eight hours of emergency surgery and survived the subsequent onslaught of LA reality television's media hounds.
Five years and a dozen surgeries later, I'm back to some semblance of my original self.
Here's a book I wrote about it: http://amzn.to/11gR60C
Here's a Facebook devoted to it: http://on.fb.me/Tssdu9
The Thread that inspired this AMA: http://www.reddit.com/r/todayilearned/comments/1bwyx5/til_a_woman_survived_a_bear_mauling_by_hiking/
Me with my beloved hounds:
The disquieting meatlump they airlifted into UCLA medical center: (Warning: NSFW/gore) http://imgur.com/bew8pqy
And here I am, ask me anything!
I'm back, and my you've been busy all night. Thank you again for all the support! Lots of you have asked about donating to help my medical bills. Honestly the best thing you could do is drop 5 bucks on the book and give it a good review: http://amzn.to/11gR60C
Okay, I think my work here is done. I've tried to answer every question at least once, and worked my way through the whole thread in doing so. But I'm sure there are plenty I've missed, so if I didn't get to yours somewhere along the line and you're still curious, please go here: http://amzn.to/11gR60C and check it out. The chances are I've already answered your question in depth.
If you enjoyed this AMA, please considering liking the book's Facebook page? https://www.facebook.com/ChompChompChompAllenaHansen
Please feel free to link to where ever; I'd love it if you guys could help me get this story out to people who might find it useful in their own lives. Remember, if a little old lady can pull it off, SO CAN YOU!
Thanks so much for reading and commenting; this has been a total hoot!
For one thing, I didn't expect to MAKE it down the mountain, so there was an air of the surreal about it; sort of like a crazed Disney ride. But mostly when I realized that I might indeed make it to the fire station, there was this enormous sense of elation.
Mercifully, one forgets the actual sensation, but I wrote about it at the time, knowing I wouldn't remember what it was like if I didn't get it down in the near term. The desire to survive overrides everything else, so the pain became superfluous to keeping myself alive. Curiously, many of the nerves in my face were severed in the attack, so there wasn't a specific pain, just an overweening one. And a whole lot of blood. The horror was the hard part. Numbing, in fact.
After it had gnawed my head awhile, I decided to open my eyes and look at what was killing me. It's expression was so bland and businesslike it enraged me, so I managed to jab my thumb into its piggy little eye and it let go of my face long enough for me to yell for my dogs. Once the dogs came running, it was diverted long enough for me to get up and try to escape down the creekbed.
Both my dogs survived! But it's been almost five years and big dogs don't live all that long. Deke's death really hit me hard. I miss him.
Me too, thanks.
Would that we all could have their sense of equanimity. I love that old saying, "The more I know of men, the more I like my dog."
Thank you kindly.
I think mine did too, actually, until they smelled all the blood. Then things got serious.
The mastiff was waiting at the car when I got back to it, but the wolfhound made his way down the mountain and a neighbor recognized him and brought him back to the ranch.
Their injuries were surprisingly minor. They're so big, I suspect the bear was momentarily stunned at the sight of them. All I remember was a huge snarling pile of fur and teeth-- and I got the hell out of there.
I'd probably scare the poor boy to death....
Well, I wrote a book... Surprisingly, I didn't have the expected nightmares, flashbacks, panic attacks et al one might have expected. Mostly, I was so stoked at the incredible job Dr. Lee had done on my reconstruction, I felt I'd be letting everyone down if I didn't do my damndest to heal and recover.
Physically, I had to relearn how to speak, eat, even breathe properly. But through it all, I was motivated by wanting to let people know that if a little old lady could survive something like this, so could they.
You're welcome. Hang in there.
No. Having a baby was a piece of cake in comparison. Maybe like being smacked in the head by an anvil?
If it's a Grizzly Bear, play dead. If you're in California, it's a Black Bear. Fight back with everything you've got because it's trying to kill you. If it's a Polar Bear, you're fucked.
Except that black bears can be black, red, brown, black and white, golden, tan, rust or mottled. Best to go by the State you're being attacked in. California has black bears, so if you're in California and a bear is eating you, you'd best fight back. If you're in the PNW or Montana where they also have grizzlies, things may become a bit more problematic.
Cool info, thanks for this. I'll remember that then next time I'm being mauled by a polar bear!
Commie talk! We only endorse being mauled by red-blooded Amurkin bears!
That the human body can survive more pharmaceutical assault than you ever thought possible.
Deke was a masiff and RK is an Irish wolfhound. As it turns out, the two very best breeds I could have had in this situation, as the mastiff instinctively goes for ground (they were bred to bait bears) and the wolfhound keeps it at bay.
Too bad they don't eat hay instead of roast beef.
My eyeball was not hanging down onto my face, but it was bitten and the other eye lid torn off. I only allowed myself a brief look into the rearview mirror, but it was so awful, I just laughed and kept driving.
It beat the alternative.
Goddam, you're sweet. Thanks.
The "road" was more of a dirt trail than an actual road. I've never seen another vehicle up there in all the years I've lived here, so the chances I'd run into anyone were slim indeed.
Yep. Also, I couldn't see anything, which made for a rollicking good time.
I very nearly was, but found the alternative more appealing.
Sorry for that mix-up. I'm new to this format.
It had been waiting for me in a willow copse, and when I paused from my work for a moment, it rushed me and took me down. One moment we made eye contact, and in the next I was in the fetal position in the sandy creek bed with this nightmare gnawing on my face.
That was my first inclination, but then I thought, "Damnit, I used to hang out at Playboy Mansion you miserable little creep. You can't do this to ME!" And I decided to live.
No. Nor did I see Jesus. But I knew that this was the moment of my death, and it pissed me off enormously. So much in fact, that it inspired me to fight back -- which turned out to be the right decision. I think.
And thanks so much for your kind words!
Thank you so much! I owe it all to my fabulous surgeon, Dr. Kimberly Lee, and some very good lighting.
It felt alien, cold, like it belonged to somebody else and I was just inside watching.
My crappy insurance company only covered about 20% of what I needed done (Google: Mauled by a bear then mauled by Blue Cross), so I'll be paying these bills off for the rest of my life. So far expenses have been about 300K and counting.
I'd love to meet her. I think she's adorable!
I've been trying to. And when we get a public option, I will have succeeded.
My policy doesn't cover dental, optical, or cosmetic -- the major injuries I suffered. "Health" insurance is the biggest scam on the planet. The company makes their money by denying their policyholders service.
I used to work for a medical malpractice insurer. Talk about a double whammy.....
It was like the whackiest Disney ride ever. I alternated between elation and despair, but figured what the heck, I'm not likely to live through this anyway, so here's my one chance to drive like a total dickhead with impunity. Fortunately, the dirt track was so remote, that the likelihood of running into anyone else was approaching nil. Frankly, I expected to go careening over the cliffside, so I just spun the wheel and stomped on the brakes as the spirit moved me. No music, just my maniacal laughter echoing off the canyon walls.... :-)
More just a niggling sense of wtf. Life can go seriously weird on you sometimes, you know? But it helps if you don't take it too seriously.
Plenty more where that came from. Check out my book, link in the OP.
When I'm outside now, I watch my six! It was something of a fluke, as black bears rarely attack human beings. But my tomboy girlfriends who like to run and bike in the backcountry learned a valuable lesson from this. We ALL make sure we go out with a dog or two now, and STAY ALERT! Personally, I spend a lot of time looking up into the trees for lions....
Very wise, but I worry it just alerts them that dinner is coming -- and with its own seasoning.
To persist. As to the second part of your question, I'm still trying to figure that out. I a bit more wary in the wild places -- which ruins some of the sanctity I used to find there, and I resent that. But mostly I'm the same person I've always been, just a bit lumpier.
1: My ranch IS my job. I can't quit it.
2:I have to admit, the whole misadventure has made me a lot more wary of animals with big teeth. We tend to take for granted that they're not going to kill us. Sometimes that's just not true....
3:I think it was a predatory attack by a desperate creature. It was probably hungry, disoriented from the recent wildfire, and taking a territorial stand. It certainly knew I was there, and it had been stalking me. Probably figured I was an easier dinner than a deer -- which has hooves and antlers and can outrun it. Little old ladies aren't supposed to fight back....
Thanks! If you didn't know about the attack and saw me on the street, you probably wouldn't even look twice. Kimberly Lee is one HELL of a good plastic surgeon! But I suffered some pretty gruesome injuries to my face and head. In fact, in the ER pics, you can't even tell I'm a human being. I've had doctors look at the picture and turn it around trying to figure out where the face is in it.
Basically what happened is that the bear charged, grabbed me by the ears and bit into my face. In doing so, it destroyed the bridge of my nose, tore off my ears, chewed out fourteen teeth and much of my upper gums and palate. It also ripped off my lips and tore apart my face and scalp. Kimberly Lee estimated that she put over a thousand stitches into my head and face during the first surgery.
Me right after surgery:
Dr.Lee is at www.kimberlyleemd.com
Edit: removed redundancy
Aww. Shucks. It was a hell of a way to get a facelift
This was taken a month before the attack:
I FEEL great. Thanks so much!
Everything happened in real time. No distortions at all. I knew that should I survive this, I'd have one hell of a story to tell, so I made a conscious decision to note and remember every possible detail so I could write it all down if I made it out of there. And I did.
Thank you thank you thank you for the incredible job you guys did on me! The most humbling thing about this whole escapade is knowing that 100 brilliant and dedicated people came together as a team to save a literally faceless stranger. I am indebted to you all every time I look in a mirror -- or look, period.
That UCLA is my alma mater (my father was in in the first graduating class at UCLA Med and my sister was in the class of 85) makes it all the sweeter. GO BRUINS!
Me. I'm sui generis.
When I got to the fire station, my big concern was that when they saw me, they'd faint, so I decided to try for levity. So I walked into the garage bay and yelled "Honey I'm home!" Then proceeded to give them every bit of personal informatin I could remember: name, blood type, shoe size...
First off, they both lived, not that much worse for wear. Once I called them, they came running, I don't remember much after that, but there was a lot of fur and blood, and growling and yelping. They diverted the bear long enough for me to get up and escape.
Thank you! My surgeon, Kimberly Lee, M.D. is a genius, so if anyone out there need a face lift, give her office a call and tell them I sent you. She's in Beverly Hills.
I still love the outdoors, but I'm a lot more cautious about my surroundings. Some of the sanctity has been destroyed for me, and for that, I grieve. I'm still an avid advocate for wild things, but until they start paying property tax I'm going to assert my dominance.
That's Ms. Alpha to you, dear. :-)
The guys at the fire station were champs. We all kept it as professional as possible and even managed a laugh or two out of it. I figured that if I kept them busy writing down my personal information they'd:
A.) Not faint
B.) Be able to indentify the body
So I gave them name, age, blood type, UCLA patient number, next of kin, size of shoe, anything I could think of to keep conscious until the heli-evac arrived from Mojave about twenty minutes later.
I didn't, but you'd be amazed at what you can communicate with frantic finger gestures and spreading pools of blood. Actually, this was just one more instance when I was grateful I'd learned ventriloquism as a kid.
Yes, bears do scratch bark as a marker, but mostly they just leave their scat. If you see piles of bear plop in the middle of a trail, there's a good reason, and you should probably watch your six.
No. In fact I rather identified with the beast inasmuch as it struck me that it was a refugee seeking a safe haven -- just as I was. It was tracked for several days, but the hunters were unable to catch it.
There are arsehole humans, too. But I don't hold that against humanity.
You guys, so funny.
Nope. Just a big dog, or horse,
I had no inkling that I was being watched, and was totally oblivious to the danger. Even my dogs were sound asleep in the creek bed about twenty feet from me. The total recovery is ongoing, and it's been about 4.5 years now.
I've lived alone for the last twenty years, but my son, who'd just graduated from College of William and Mary and was looking forward to his real life, kindly moved back in with me for several months to babysit and drive me back and forth across the state for medical treatment. "Supportive" doesn't even come close. Child is my angel.
Yeah, my son saw and told me about it, and dared me to do this AMA.
I was more pissed off than you can possible imagine thinking of all the pleasure my grizzly death would give the rednecks back in town.
It hurt like hell throughout, but you're right. Once I was safe in the helicopter, the pain became overwhelming. It took all my will to remain conscious and upright so I didn't aspirate and drown in my blood.
Perhaps THE most surreal experience in a lifetime of whackiness.
No, guns just get in my way. I carry a large wolfhound instead. Seriously, if you're going to be in known bear country, it's probably a good idea to carry bear spray. Unless you're an extremely good shot and super cool under pressure, chances are a gun won't do you much good at all in the midst of all that adrenalin.
Most don't believe me until I show them the picture (it's buried deep in my book so you don't barf, btw). Then the very next thing they usually do is ask for my plastic surgeon's card (which always I carry along with the pic.) Kimberlyleemd.com
The firemen were just as pro as I'd hoped they'd be -- which is to say, totally. Shout out to Captain Kurt Merrill and the boyz. You guys rock!
Blue Cross. Hands down.
My first reaction on seeing my sewn-up face was, quite honestly, "Oh my gods you did SUCH a GOOD JOB!" The grief counsellor they had standing by was flabbergasted.
I have reason to believe it was not a local bear, but one that had been relocated by game authorities. It was likely traumatized, disoriented and territorial when it settled on my property -- a refugee, if you will. (We'd had a huge month-long wildfire just previous to the attack).
I've been doing "face yoga" for four years to slowly get the muscle control back. When I could finally whistle again, I knew I had it licked. The nerve regeneration has been an anatomy lesson in and of itself. Fascinating stuff.
First, I would contact the ranger for the park where you will be staying and follow their advice to the letter. Bear spray is a must (and be sure to practice using it at home beforehand), but awareness of your surroundings is absolutely critical. That said, I've backpacked all over the Sierras in my lifetime, and have NEVER before had the slightest problem with any bears. Not even a pilfered food stash.
This sounds like a wonderful adventure! Please don't let any paranoia sully the experience.
My pleasure, yolo. Hang tough.
My vision is impaired, but my hearing is still hyper-acute.
The actual attack was probably less than three or four minutes, but it took me an addition hour or so to hike out the canyon to my car then drive it down the mountain to the fire station.
I didn't notice the bear's gender, but have this horrible suspicion it was a female. Traitor!
While in the ICU I received every antibiotic and antiviral medication known to mankind, including the full rabies series, but I was so expertly reassembled by Dr. Lee's team that infection wasn't much of an issue in the aftermath.
Best of all, both of my hero dogs survived relatively unscathed and lived full and happy lives for the next four years. Deke, the mastiff died in my arms last autumn, and RK the wolfhound is still with us. Love those doggies.
They tracked it for three days, but gave up after it killed one of their dogs. In some perverse chamber of my heart, I'd like to think it's still out there -- only now it's four years older and 200 pound heavier -- and it's waiting....
Deke was a mastiff (a rescue dog ironically, who ended up rescuing me) and RK who is still an Irish wolfhound. Fine dogs both.
I was working on my property digging out an irrigation spring box, and the bear was waiting for me just around the bend from it in the creek bed.
I'm a bit more circumspect when I'm out alone in the wild now, but no, I don't carry anything with me because I'm either on horseback or with a very large dog.
HUZZAH! Bless you bless you bless you! I hope you enjoy it!
I'd stew them all with some shallots and beer and call it dinner.
Wait until you try my cookies.
I think we all have a little punkass in us; we just need the right arsehole to bring it on.
There's a recipe (and photo) for bear stew on my book's Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=420829701330681&set=a.394566233957028.96552.393981680682150&type=1
Yes. There was one in my kitchen garden last year that kept coming back despite my repeated stern warnings. Unfortunately I had to train it -- a fact which still haunts me.
No, I didn't ever feel like giving up during the ursadent itself. But there were a couple of times during my recovery when Blue Cross denied service that brought me to the brink of despair. I was saved from my existential angst by the kindness of strangers. Very literally.
Not as much as you might imagine. I'm constantly amazed at this gift that's been dropped in my lap and by the support of all my readers. THANKS EVERYONE!
Well, for one thing, I lived in Kern Kounty for fifteen years....
Yes. I HATE bullies and always have.
I saw it for a split second before it charged me and took me down, and my first thought was just what you'd expect it might be. Oh.....no. (Only that's not what I said.)
It's always harder DECIDING to make a change than actually making it. Good luck!
I know I probably should, but I don't take any protection with me other than my dogs. I had a side arm on me at the time of the attack, and it all happened so fast that I wouldn't have had time to pull the trigger even if I'd had it unholstered, the safety off, and was aiming.
Pepper spray might be useful on a hike, but it's kind of a pain in the butt to carry, and you have to be ready at the trigger -- which kind of ruins the ambience of being out in the beauty of nature.
But I still had to register them....
Yes. Dan has just published his book and you can buy it on Amazon or at beyondthebear.com. One of the most inspirational people I know of.
Fourth generation Californian. Planet Earth.
Funny. Now that you mention it, scent is the ONLY sense I have no recollection of in all of this. Good question.
But you have MAMBAS! And all those Ozzies.... ;-)
LL? Howdy boy!
a) Greenspan, by far
I AM old aged ;-) Depends on where my next chapter takes me.
Based on the phenomenal response on Amazon, you already are. THANKS!
Wow! THANK YOU acangiano. I didn't write the thing for the money (obviously,) but a little publicity never hurts and I am utterly clueless about marketing. I really appreciate your support.
"I'd rather you bought my book", she suggested coyly.
I'm Snoop Lion! Ask me anything!!
watup. here comes the king live on the ggn set. takn some time out to answer your questions. ask me anything jacc!!
Thanks 4 puffin wit me today reddit. Ill b bacc real soon. C u in /r/trees ubitchu!!
send me ur res
Helping get kids off tha street wit tha SYFL football league!!
my guy damon hit me up n we got n tha studio n london. it was a wrap!!!
still love those. n some skittles n starbursts
Dave chappelle !
Those cats can smoke uhearme
ON a good day
Stay original be true
Warren G passed my demo to DRe n that was it!
Im live jacc!
About 5 years ago! my uncle Charlie Wilson got me to take a quic break
Kung Fu Fliccs All of em
Willie is 1 of tha greatest to do it !! Smokn n music
what do u think
D.Becks, Drogba, All tha brazlian legends
Whats ur gamer tag!!
It was a beautiful thing! Miss him
FEels good! Tha Spirit go me
Legalize it n if that means tax it then do it
It was classic!! My guys!! they tha crew.
im still here jacc
Gon make that happen
Milf weed was the strain of choice on set
here comes the king just droppd!!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q6qHaBD89ZM tha recrd drops n april
my kids n bein able to be there for them
Curtis Mayfield P Funk Old Skool hip hop
keep tha karma comn!!!
Comin out this Holiday 500 books limmited being made
81 blunts a day x 7
My cousn DAz
JAH!! shoot me ya info!
MADDEN ALL DAY
Come 2 tha show n ask for me
Fire ! run da tracc
my passion my family n my fans
A lotta of em!
Been there n done that
Bob Marley ya digg
workn n tha studio wit Nate Dogg!! Fav performance was on Arsenio Hall
Every DAy Neffew
make sure u graduate
Im a pro ! 20 years in tha game that dont phase me!!
Most cme 4 free but average bout 81 blunts a day!
I need to charter tha jet
smoke some. get urself to a 
Gotta stay workn at it!!
i like cadillacs
ANSWER: willie nelson, wiz khalifa n b-real!!! my guys!!!
i didnt choose it, it was givn to me
I luv it!! New 2 this isshh
I love tha new sound comn out tha Westcoast!
Curtis Mayfield !! SUPERFLY
100 joint-sized blunts.
those r my neffews
Pistachios n Frito bbq twists!! Red Vines
Im tha hood Obama
gonna get bacc 2 u on that neff
U know bout as much as me digg
Oh wow !
Bruce lee!!!11 I fuxx wit kung fu
u heard the latest? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q6qHaBD89ZM
Every year A couple times a year!! #Herecomestheking
Make it happen ASAP
im tryin to Buy Hostess
droppn in April wit tha movie
Thank u Sirr!!! I need that 4 my wall at tha Doggy Den!!
9 inch Dixx!! Goget that album
ull have to watch the reincarnated film. explains everything
Cool Ranch All DAY
LBC til i D-I-E
yesszir That MILF WEED
Bring it!! upload a vid Neff
puffn on that executive branch
Who would win in a fight: a hundred duck sized elephants, or one elephant sized duck?
Good a new story to tell
Not a beer but maybe we can smoke 1
u dont need no convincing!! Stay str8
i aint been yet. bout to be there next month!!
Engineers and Scientists on the Mars Curiosity Rover Mission
We're a group of engineers from landing night, plus team members (scientists and engineers) working on surface operations.
Here's the list of participants:
Bobak Ferdowsi aka “Mohawk Guy” - Flight Director
Steve Collins aka “Hippy NASA Guy” - Cruise Attitude Control/System engineer
Aaron Stehura - EDL Systems Engineer
Jonny Grinblat aka “Pre-celebration Guy” - Avionics System Engineer
Brian Schratz - EDL telecommunications lead
Keri Bean - Mastcam uplink lead/environmental science theme group lead
Rob Zimmerman - Power/Pyro Systems Engineer
Steve Sell - Deputy Operations Lead for EDL
Scott McCloskey - Turret Rover Planner
Magdy Bareh - Fault Protection
Eric Blood - Surface systems
Beth Dewell - Surface tactical uplinking
@MarsCuriosity Twitter Team
It varies for each person 1-to-10 years. Some of us have been on this project for 10 years. Most have been approximately approximately over 5 years.
250 scientists and about 160 engineers -- remember this is a 24.6/7 operation! We're working in shifts.
And how did we celebrate? To each his own... Tasty beverages, missed high-fives, well-deserved naps after shifts were over. :D - SLS
We will eventually take pictures of Earth with Mastcam, along with other constellations.
[To tide you over, this is one from Spirit.]
Its got a friggin' laser on its head, that can VAPORIZE rocks!
Yes. All of the operators (engineers, scientists, drivers, planners) live on Mars time, by shifting the schedule +40 minutes each day. This is order to maximize the efficiency of each sol. MB
It is a bit painful....we re-program our alarm clocks every day.
Yes. A sample return is possible, but it requires intense concentration. We will do it eventually, but we need to work our way up to it.
Well this is awkward. Now that you mention it, it's very likely that I do. I'm sure I still have it somewhere around here if you want it back. Indeed, some of the credit goes to you. Sorry about that. :(
We take great care to not take Earth-borne microbes to other planets. We don't want to go looking for building blocks of life only to find we brought it with us. This is why we work in a clean room wearing full-body "bunny suits" while assembling and testing the rover, and that all parts of the spacecraft are cleaned before launch. Those that can be baked are baked; others are swabbed with cleaning solution. For more details on planetary protection, see this site: http://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/ - SLS
These devices are considered very reliable and are used on many spacecraft (NASA and commercial). Curiosity did have a lot of devices, but there was also a lot of redundancy built into the firing system. Many of the devices used on Curiosity had been used successfully on Sprit and Opportunity and Pathfinder, so there was a lot of previous experience here at JPL.
Not all of the pyros were for EDL - we actually had to fire off a set several hours after landing to deploy some of our surface hardware.
Testing the pyro system was a pretty big task - if any of them had been mismapped it could have been a bad day for the mission. Getting the timing right was also a challenging task for the EDL team. So in addition to the reliability of the device itself, we had to make sure we were firing the right device at the right time.
Thanks for the question! - RMZ
There are no lights on the Rover. It utilizes the night time to recharge the batteries to drive and explore during the day to take advantage of the day time.
A few team members yes, and those who do love it. Adorable. - SLS
Peanuts is a long tradition from the early mission Ranger missions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jet_Propulsion_Laboratory#Peanuts_tradition
Curiosity was selected through a competition from around the country.
The length of the mission is currently set for 23 months to achieve mission success, but it could be extended just like the Mars Exploration Rovers. They had a prime mission of 90 days but Opportunity is still operating over 8 years later. -VM
This isn't too far-fetched! Astronauts from Apollo 12 brought back a camera from the robotic Surveyor 3 lunar lander, which is now in the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. Let's hope we can bring some pieces of Spirit and Opportunity back home for everyone to see!
The Sky Crane is a really good way to land and accommodate varied terrain. It's not a question of efficiency - although it seems really complicated, it actually illuminates a lot of problems with previous landers like having to get out/off of the lander or having the engines operating really close to the ground.
There were over 100kg of hydrazine still remaining - this is because we designed the Curiosity mission to be able to land a lot of different places and let the scientists decide where to go. So the final landing site wasn't chosen until after the spacecraft had already shipped to the launch site!
The skycrane impact site is ~600 meters away from the rover landing site, which met our requirement of at least 500m flyaway distance. It's unlikely that we'll drive over to the skycrane impact site since there are so many interesting science targets in other directions!
The comparison is very flattering. Brent Spiner is a great actor. Perhaps I can to play him in the movie they are making about the making of Independence Day. (smc)
Also, I am always very very careful in the cleanroom, especially around any "alien technology".
You are right that the processor does feel acient. Our current smarthphones are more powerful. The reasoning for this is three-fold. First of all, the computer was selected about 8 years ago, so we have the latest and greated space certified parts that existed then. Second of all, it was the most rubost and proven space grade processor at that time. Thirdly, in order to make a processor radiation hardened it requires lots of tricks on the silicon that is not conducive to making it fast. Given that, it does not run any GUIs and can just focus on raw programming, and actually gets a lot done. All of the programming is done in C, and our toolchain is very similar to programming on any platform.
Yes! We actually took a [lot of pictures of the night sky with MER](http://pancam.astro.cornell.edu/pancam_instrument/projects_2.html) (this is my field of research, actually). We're planning on continuing thee observations with Curiosity once we've checked out all our instruments and are ready to do our nominal science mission.
Yes, Curiosity has a few ways to communicate with Earth. She can communicate directly with Earth with an X-band link. Through the high gain antenna, which we can point directly at Earth, we can achieve ~10 kbps from Mars to Earth. Most of our data is returned through the UHF relay links with MRO and ODY. Currently MSL can top out at 2 megabits/second to MRO, but that is only at specific conditions.
We are designed to return ~250 megabits per sol (~31 megabytes). Some days are better than this, while others are worse. It depends on the range and angles between MSL and the orbiters. But so far data return has been excellent!
Every science hypothesis is vetted among the team, and we would want to make sure we were absolutely certain it was life/fossils/etc. before releasing it to the public. But we absolutely would release this information, once we had sufficient evidence and it was agreed upon among the science teams! We follow this procedure for all of our interesting finds.
We don't have temperature readings yet, because we're still checking out instruments.
[You'll be able to keep track of the temperatures at this website.](http://marsweather.com/data) Right now it's fake data for testing the website, but real data will start appearing once we start taking it!
Getting into into the ocean is one tricky part. I think some folks have done some experiments with ROV's that melt their way down through ice, but we've got some work to do. Jupiter also has a pretty challenging radiation environment and we'll have to come up with some way to relay information from the Earth to the ROV. None of these issues seems to be insurmountable. smc
Hi there! As the rover was landing, we were getting tons of telemetry down. I saw the telemetry that indicated that all of the EDL autonomous actions had completed, so that meant we were down. The biggest clue was that we were still getting radio from the rover for quite a few seconds after it claimed it had finished. That combined with the chatter that was happening on our voice net provided extra confirmation to me. There were a few of us that realized that we had landed safely at the same time (as I learned later), but I just could not hold it in.
I'm glad you were able to watch this live along with all of us. Thank you for supporting us!
Howard cannot get to the controls of the Rover
Hi Faith! You are AWESOME and we support you in your quest. Come visit us at JPL. We give free tours. :D http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/events/tours/views/index.cfm - SLS
Most of us are engineering graduates of one discipline or another (Computer, Electrical, Aerospace). NASA/JPL recruits in these fields at various schools with the expertise in the fields.
I actually started here as an intern during college and continued after graduation.
None of us in the room (14 of us) have a PhD. (Though there are lots of them running around just outside!) smc
The rover has been very happy and healthy so far! One thing we didn't expect was the size of the pebbles on the deck of the rover. You can see them in this picture:
This isn't a problem, we just predicted that only smaller dust particles would be deposited on the deck. Once we get more of the high-resolution MARDI (descent imager) images down, we'll be able to understand more about the dust dynamics during landing.
To answer your second question, we love the video! We played in in the control room this morning. Bobak was embarrassed.
Yes :) They were definitely aware of the "coincidence" when they named me.
I'm a big fan, too!
Too many to keep track of.
Yup! She tends to be less cranky with a good wakeup song.
Sol 2: "Good Morning Good Morning" Beatles, Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club
Sol 3: "Good morning, good morning" from Singing in the Rain.
Sol 5: Wagner "The ride of the valkyries"
R10 Victory Song: Theme from "Mission Impossible"
Sol 6: "Got the Time" by Anthrax, and "Echelon" by 30 Seconds to Mars
Sol 7: The Doors - "Break on Through", and George Harrison - "Got My Mind Set on You"
Sol 8: Theme from Star Wars by John Williams
Sol 9: Wake Up Little Susie by Simon and Garfunkel
Sol 10: Frank Sinatra "Come Fly with me"
Hands down favorite shows as kids for most in the room was Bill Nye the Science Guy A few watched Star Trek TNG. As for current state of science/education programming people are looking forward to the reboot of Cosmos with Neil deGrasse Tyson. On the other hand, many documentaries on cable TV channels are filled with hype and factual inaccuracies. Caveat emptor.
Once we launched, our landing site was set. It was selected from many many sites that were submitted by scientists from around the world. We picked the final site a few months before launch.
My favorite experiment is ChemCam because it's a laser that vaporizes rock - and that's cool. Plus we can zap rocks we couldn't reach with the arm.
And, no, we like seeing all the parodies! It's great that people are having fun with it!
Well actually Rob Z and I sometimes make meme's about things on the project. -bf @tweetsoutloud
We only use the C language for all of our programming to keep things simple. So no object oriented programming either.
The components on Curiosity are isolated from each other. The Cruise, Descent, and Rover stages all had their own power zones to keep them isolated from each other, with communication paths in between. We use a military grade communications bus that is tolerant to radiation and large amounts of noise for communication between most of the core components. We have built in redundancy that allows autonomous fail over to backup components if a fault is detected.
I've definitely had that nightmare... We did a lot of testing before we launched to make sure the right pyros fired at the right time, so deep down I knew it was all OK.
Luke Dubord (who did most of the pyro design) and I had an early high five when we saw that the cruise stage separated successfully.
Ok, I just showed this to the room and we laughed for about 5 minutes. AWESOME. -bf @tweetsoutloud
Only arguments with brain surgeons. - SLS
#1 Checking on those exact times, stand by. #2 Not all of the event comes in in the same order it is sent according to priorities. The duration was about 3 seconds. For #3, that was mentioned in news briefing by a member of the MRO team who isn't with us today. We'll get you the link to watch the briefing. #4 In the first few days of the mission, and once they hit the ground, raws were being pushed manually to the Web while the pipelines were being tested. It will become more automated as we go forward. #5 We don't know. We'll check. #6 Yes, it is the same sundial as the MER rovers. We'll look into getting the color reference targets posted on the mission website. #7 It's a mix of different software suites depending on the cameras. For navcams and hazcams it's proprietary software built inhouse.
Thanks for the formatting. We're trying to work quickly here! I also wanted to mention that all our past news briefings are posted on Ustream.tv/nasajpl. The one with HiRise scientist Sarah Mikovich (who discusses the parachute shot) is www.ustream.tv/recorded/24540690 (Aug. 7) - VM
African or European? (smc)
The entry was guided by an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) which includes gyros and accelerometers. The IMU was initialized with the attitude (orientation), the position and velocity of the spacecraft just prior to entry. We control the trajectory by rolling the spacecraft to point the direction of the lift vector to go deeper or shallower in the atmosphere. SMC
I have a laser on my head. 'Nuff said. -vm
We took a microphone on the Phoenix Mars Lander, and we turned it on but essentially heard nothing (white noise) so it was never released. We don't really need it for any experiments.
[We do have the landing signal sound as it sounded from one of the orbiters.](http://www.space.com/17110-screaming-down-to-mars-how-curiosity-s-descent-sounded-video.html)
Here's a little more info on the Phoenix microphone. It was essentially a hitch-hiker. It was built into another instrument taken off the shelf for the the lander, but it was never intended for the mission. There was no science team or budget connected to it. Since it was not intended for use it was never tested before launch and never entered into the power budget for the lander. Only after Phoenix successfully completed it's mission, 5 months after landing in the polar region, was the mission somewhat willing to test it. They couldn't do it earlier because they couldn't risk the prime goals of the mission if anything went wrong. The project manager was fairly certain it wouldn't work and was against trying it because he didn't want to raise expectations. His mind changed when we got a tweet to the @MarsPhoenix account from a man who said he was blind and how much he wished he could hear Mars because he couldn't see the pictures. A couple days later, they sent the signal to Phoenix to turn it on but we got.. well.. nothing. Empty files. If we had received anything, it would have been released. The team figured the mic was frozen solid and decided to give it a second try by leaving it on longer to warm up. Unfortunately, the Phoenix mission lost its last bit of power (as expected) before it got the second instruction. -vm
During the early phases of the design we performed failure analysis for the system. Most of the EDL sequence was not single fault tolerant, meaning that there were many single faults that could have killed the mission, that is one of reasons we call it the 7 mins of terror.
There is an FPGA on almost every one of our electronics boards. They give a given board the logic to perform its specific task such as telecom, fault detection, etc. They are special "burn once" FPGAs that are programmed on Earth before they are soldered onto the boards, so there is no way to update them. We have a multi-year test program to verify that they work correctly before launch.
You're correct, Curiosity is designed to return *on average* 250 mbits/sol (sol = Martian day). Upcoming Mars orbiters include two science missions: NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission and the European Space Agency's Trace Gas Orbiter. These are scheduled for 2013 (stay tuned!) and 2016, respectively.
We plan to have each Mars Orbiter equipped to support surface relay communications, as MRO and Odyssey are doing for Curiosity now.
There was a NASA mission called the Mars Telecom Orbiter a couple of years ago, but it was cancelled.
Sure! Send it to Jet Propulsion Lab, Mail Stop 186-120, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099
Avionics is portmanteau of "Aviation" and "Electronics" and is commonly used in the aviation industry. All of the electronics on the rover that controls all of the basic functions is refferred to as Avionics.
C&DH stands for "command and data handling," which covers the main computer and its peripheral devices.
GNC stands for "guidance navigation and control" which is a combination of electronics and software that handles every we need to be able to control the spaceraft on its way to Mars, duing Entry, Descent, and Landing, and moving around on the surface.
Lastly, flight software refers to the main software we have on board to control of the actions that the rover can do.
Yes! He was responsible for doing the time correlations and the worked on flight ground interface (making sure the spacecraft's clock was set right). -vm
Thank you for all of your support. Comments like this make the long hours and stress over many years all worth it.
You caught me! I'm doing research for my next album, "Mars, Revisited"
We have the laser for space mutants. And analyzing rocks.
It's a combination of F=ma, V=IR, w x r, and not crossing the streams.
We use lots of calculus and linear algebra. The aerodynamics modeling requires vector calculus. I use my physics every day. smc
Yes, JPL is in morse code in the wheels!
A lot of us bacon at midnight, I'll tell you that. ;)
Curiosity actually uses a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) which does not have any moving parts or use steam. The heat generated from the radioactive decay is converted directly into electric power. It is very reliable and has been used in the past on missions like Voyager (which have been operating for over 30 years). Here's a [link](http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/technology/technologiesofbroadbenefit/power/) to some more information. Thanks for the question!
It would have been game over. That's why we call landing "seven minutes of terror." Each component and stage of landing was tested and retested repeatedly, but we had one chance of doing it on Mars.
We love you too.
The rover uses electric motors of a variety of sizes for its various mechanisms. Most of the motors (including the drive motors) have brakes to prevent the motors from turning when they are not being run. The drive motors use encoders for position feedback. Some parts of the rover will automatically get turned off if not used for a while. (SM)
Unfortunately not. But another proposed mission to mars from JPL called InSight will.
Start here :) http://findyourplace.jpl.nasa.gov/ext/# - SLS
Cause we're NASA and we know it
Since landing, we have had nominal operations but each commissioning operation has had it's own risks. We have been planning those operations for a long time and have been testing repeatedly. Some of the milestones include the pyro firing to release the mechanisms, unstowning the RSM, establishing communication. The flight software update was probably the most complicated of the early operations, but it completed without a hitch.
The team is hard at work coming up with a long term plan for where we will drive. Scientists and engineers work together to find the best driving routes. Every drive is carefully planned and serves some science or engineering purpose. Here's an article about the people on the team who drive the rover: http://www.latimes.com/news/science/la-sci-nasa-how-to-drive-mars-rover-20120809,0,6888171.story
The density of the atmosphere on Mars is about 1/100 of what it is on Earth. So even in gale force winds, the force of the wind on the rover would be much less. For the earlier solar powered missions (e.g. Spirit and Opportunity), some of the concerns were that the wind would blow dust onto the solar panels or that the wind would blow dust into the air and reduce the intensity of the sun's energy.
Both of these cases would reduce the rovers' ability to generate solar power.
However, little "dust devils" would routinely clean off Spirit and Opportunity's solar panels--enabling more power generation. So the wind can be good and bad!
And speaking just for myself, it's soda. But others on my team may disagree.
In some ways - none of it was "fully" tested because the difference between gravity on Earth and Mars makes it hard to do full testing. So we test things individually and rely on computer simulation and analysis to do the rest.
In this room: 12 Mac, 3 PCs
Just kidding. That panorma is actually made up of many pictures. We just don't have all of the pictures down yet. Also, we sometimes get intermittent dropouts, so a given picture may have parts missing. Rest assured, the public will see the full panorma within days of geting all of the pictures down and stitched together.
One of our families is documenting their experience: http://marstimr.tumblr.com/
We had a map with our best estimate of the landing location, but it was hard to compete with the first pictures!
1. There is a FPGA on almost every one of our electronics boards. They give a given board the logic to perform its specific task such as telecom, fault detection, etc. They are special "burn once" FPGAs that are programmed on Earth before they are soldered onto the boards, so there is no way to update them. We have a multi-year test program to verify that they work correctly before launch.
2. We use standard "space" protocols that are used by all NASA spacecraft. Everything goes through NASA's Deep Space Network. Here is some information on how that works:
3. Yes, we have a homegrown processor built into an FPGA to handle all of sleep cycle operations.
When Bobak says, "Stir the tanks", we stir the tanks
It's because we have to use processors that can survive high radiation environments and extreme temperatures. It takes a lot of time to design, build, and test that kind of system. Also, space missions take many years to develop and you have to choose the processor at the beginning to start the design - then by the time you fly, it seems really outdated
Yes, there was landing party. How much more do you want to know about that? (wink)
Yeah, it feels pretty amazing. One of the mechanical engineers posted this video about how it felt for him: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCKogFDM3Zg&feature=plcp
1) We use a sun sensor and and a star scanner to determine the spacecraft orientation in space so we can keep the solar panels pointed toward the Sun (and the antennas toward the Earth)
We figure out where the spacecraft is during cruise by listening to the radio signals from the spacecraft. We can determine the range to spacecraft by looking at the time a signal takes to go up and back and the velocity along the earth-line by listening to the doppler shift. There is also a trick we can do using quasars to determine the the direction to the spacecraft from Earth very accurately (Delta-DOR).
There is a group of folks at JPL that are responsible for keeping track of where all the planets are to very high precision (the planetary ephemeris) For Mars, we can also use tracking data we get from the orbiters to figure out where Mars is.
2) there is an instrument on the rover called RAD that is specifically designed to study the radiation environment.
There is no microphone. It was considered many years ago during the design phase, but was descoped.
While we are designed to accomplish our mission goals in 1 Mars year, we do hope to last a lot longer if everything goes well. You hit the nail right on the head - the RTG will continue to provide power for many years. The batteries do degrade slowly, but we don't have a specific cut off. As the ability to hold charge decreases, so does the amount of activities we can perform in a sol.
Thanks for the question!
Curiosity was over 10 years in development. But the idea of using a "crane style" system was around even longer than that. A lot of times there are concepts for missions and we just have to wait for technology/interest/money to come along.
This was a public contest put out. Here is a link to the winning essay.
The Excited Biologist
Hi guys, I have some time off today after teaching, so after getting a whole mess of requests that I do one of these, here we are!
I'm a field biologist, technically an ecosystem ecologist, who primarily works with wild bird populations!
I do other work in wetlands and urban ecosystems, and have spent a good amount of time in the jungles of Costa Rica, where I fought off some of the deadliest snakes in the world while working to restore the native tropical forests with the aid of the Costa Rican government.
Aside from the biology, I used to perform comedy shows and was a cook for years!
Ask me anything at all, and I'd be glad to respond!
I've messaged some proof to the mods, so hopefully this gets verified!
You can check out some of my biology-related posts on my Redditor-inspired blog [here!](http://theecology.tumblr.com)
I've also got [a whole mess of videos up here](http://youtube.com/ecologyvideos), relating to various biological and ecological topics!
If I had a penguin as a pet, I'd probably choose a Magellanic penguin. I love the little guys. [Here's a photo I took of one!]
I'd name him Slippy.
I *gladly* accept that.
Haha, I'm not sure! Maybe I was fighting for using the metric system?
Thank you very much, that's very kind!
A fun fact? Hmm. The slow loris is pretty amazing! It's a poisonous primate! It produces a toxin from its elbows which it then licks off and spreads all over its body.
Its "fighting stance" is essentially an [arms-behind-the-head posture, like so!](http://i.imgur.com/3VFkYpj.jpg)
Nope! All of them are lorises, I believe.
And you're quite welcome!
The first one.
I am bleeding from me fingas.
I used to do improv and sketch comedy for a number of years and I still occasionally perform! I did a show not too long ago in NYC with a few friends from the Upright Citizen's Brigade Theatre.
I also used to be a professional cook, so I enjoy cooking quite a bit, too!
Long Island, New York.
Very much so!
Are you suggesting that coconuts migrate?
Coconuts *do* migrate, but swallows are not involved. They actually migrate through buoyancy and water currents.
A better term would be "disperse," as we don't quite expect that the coconuts will return home anytime soon.
Probably a witch, or you were born into a pond.
Gotta do what a man's gotta do.
It'd be pretty neat, that's for sure. Whether we could *reintroduce* them without restoring their habitat is what concerns me!
You might find this of interest, I recently got to go behind the scenes at Cornell's Lab of Ornithology and put together this little album of some of their extinct birds:
I have to admit, I chuckled at this.
I'm okay with that, I am always welcoming to some new stalkers!
Hmm, I probably wouldn't, if it meant never coming back to Earth! As much as I'd love to be world famous for being the first person to live on Mars or something like that, that fame means nothing to me in comparison to being with friends and loved ones.
That said, there's *probably* some crazy fuck out there who would *gladly* do this.
Humans have a symbiotic relationship with a particular type of bird called the Honeyguide!
[Here's an awesome video about them!](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5gX0bJsFNcw)
He may just be uneasy with a new environment, so feels more aggressive outside of his usual territory.
Similarly, he might assume you as the leader of the "house" territory, thus waiting for you to make the first move on your homestead.
That'd be my random guess!
Haha, good luck!
He may have been talking about a spiking experiment. N-15 is a very rare isotope, and makes up well less than 1% of the nitrogen in the natural world.
N-14 is the common type, which makes up something like 99.6% of nitrogen atoms.
Sometimes you can measure natural versus non-natural fertilizers via their isotope ratios, as fertilizer produced from animals should be higher in N-15 isotopes, as they've bioaccumulated as the animal moves up the food chain while artificially produced fertilizers would not have these trophic bioaccumulations.
Some experimenters will "spike" an area with N-15 isotopes (we do it for our research) to trace where that nitrogen is going. If it is transferred to gaseous N2O, for example, you'll pick up that isotope in your gas samples, where if it's moving out of the soil towards the water table, you may find an abundance of your spike in the bottom layer of soil samples.
Haha, I do like the idea of Spongebob talking at length about biology, I have to admit.
No problem, glad to be of service!
Dr. Marzluff and his colleagues have, [quite literally, written the book](http://www.amazon.com/Avian-Ecology-Conservation-Urbanizing-World/dp/0792374584/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1366928845&sr=8-2&keywords=marzluff+urban) on this topic.
Some birds are known as "urban exploiters," for example: the pigeon. They contain a huge amount of pre-adaptations that made the movement to cities a no-brainer for the species. Their natural habitat involved laying eggs on cliff faces. This quickly translated to laying eggs on building ledges and the like, with very little modification to their behavior being necessary.
Additionally, pigeons can utilize a wide variety of foods found in the urban environment to feed their young. Many young birds require specific food which may not be available in an urban environment. Pigeons, on the other hand, eat the food and convert it to a weird, sludgey material called "crop milk," which they can feed to their young!
As for the noise, there was a slew of recent studies showing that urban birds will increase the pitch of their calls to compete with traffic sounds! It's really quite fascinating!
Yup, they're ridiculous. My main research is on American crows (*Corvus brachyrhynchos*), so most of their shenanigans, I've seen first hand!
It depends on their needs. The Prairie Pothole region of the US, for example, houses a huge amount of wetlands required for migrating ducks, where a city might be able to be just fine for some small passerine birds!
Yes, those little parks can be quite a refuge *if they're managed properly!* There is a park near me that is very vibrant and nice looking, but because it has very little plant diversity, it houses almost *no* species of birds. We found less species there than we did along a derelict railroad track running through the worst neighborhood in our city.
As for unexpected animals, hmm, not quite sure, a lot of the ones I can name would be ones you *would* expect! There's a good variety of predatory birds in your cities! Peregrine falcons, bald eagles, ospreys, merlins, all kinds of neat stuff that prey on the abundance of "vermin" species that cities have. Eagles will be in cities along waterways, like my own!
They are neat little buggers!
I'd guess a little of all three, and yes, you're probably seeing the lucky ones. People think there's a lot of pigeons in their city, but they probably only see 1/20th of what is actually out there.
A pair of binoculars is a good start. A lot of things we don't get a chance to see up close because they flee from people, but binoculars can close the gap pretty quickly.
If they're old enough to not smash the thing, that is.
Zoo tickets are always a winner. Sierra Club membership, I believe, has some cool stuff for kids. I got a little backpack for being a member pretty recently, and you can always take them out for a hike. A little handlens (probably less than 10 bucks) is also excellent for getting a close-up look at things without having to go crazy with high-powered optics.
Seriously, that little pack is awesome. It makes an awesome little side-pack for field research because I don't give a shit if it breaks, but the thing has kept up!
I haven't, but [I made a video not too long ago about kookaburras!](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oq5SFC1tCeQ)
There are so many!
Alright, here's one: some bees will defend their colonies by swarming an invader and buzzing loudly. They buzz so much that they actually heat up the intruder to the point where it actually burns to death.
Well, they're only doing it to defend themselves!
> How dangerous is a cassowary
*Very.* They have a ridiculously sharp talon that could easily disembowel a person powered by an extremely muscular leg. Many ratites are equally dangerous.
Big shoutout to my friends over at /r/cassowary!
> Can I actually survive on water from cacti in the desert?
Probably not to definitely not, depending on the cactus that you're trying! Cacti certainly have water, but they *defend it* heavily!
If you were to cut open a barrel cactus, you'd be very disappointed with the "water" that was inside of it. It would be in the form of a viscous slime that you would not want to drink, or even chew.
Other desert plants contain milky sap or latex, that can be quite painful to ingest. Some will burn you on contact. I actually [just made this video](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0IQcTsKDKc) showing the latex that comes out of an African milk tree, for example. The latex contains inflammatory agents, while others can contain things like tannins (which cause the dry feeling in your mouth when you drink red wine) which will bind up protein and make it indigestible, so you'd actually make yourself thirstier *and* hungrier.
> If you were a bird, what kind of bird would you be?
Southern Screamer. I just like the name. Maybe a [lyrebird](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjE0Kdfos4Y), so I could mess with people more often.
> How easy is it to train half a dozen stray dogs, a house of mice (side question: what is the name for a group of mice?), about a dozen or so songbirds native to America and a tiger?
Easy at first with the dogs, and then exponentially harder.
The collective term for a group of mice is a "mischief of mice."
> What the fuck is up with seahorses?
They're weird guys. The usual fact is, of course, that the males "have the babies," but in all honesty, males are the ones doing the majority of the parenting in fish.
Why is that? Because they're the last ones with the babies! Fish are externally fertilized, so once the females lay the eggs, the males have to fertilize them, making them the last ones to have them in their care. This has led to selection for them to become the main "caretakers."
Seahorses simply have an extremely intense version of this!
The whole repertoire is how they find their mates, so a female will evaluate the male based on a whole bunch of different songs, the more varied and interesting, the better.
I believe the bird has its own "base" call, too, but it gets modified with all the other sounds it incorporates.
Nope, I wish! That's awesome!
Oh wow, I completely skipped over that. My bad!
Yes, they poop quite a bit. The white is actually uric acid, as birds have high water conservation aimed kidneys, so it comes out as a dry mass. The colored part is the feces.
That *would* be weird.
I like the contrast!
> Do you know how awesome you are
I own my own machete, so yes.
> Are you planning on staying this way forever and ever?
Until I accidentally kill myself with my own machete.
As for new projects, yes! I'm doing a joint venture that's about to start this summer involving greenhouse gas research in wetlands. We're going to be working with cattle and seeing how grazing can influence greenhouse gas emissions under specific circumstances to try to put more research behind a very new theory in biogeochemistry!
Unfortunately no, [but it is pretty big!]
We built a little gas collection chamber out of PVC that samples the soil it's over, then I draw the air out with a syringe after a set amount of time and before we start to compare what's accumulated.
I wish they had a bigger role, unfortunately, politics often gets in the way. It's difficult to face the influence of money, and yes, I'd say getting *too* involved can be detrimental. That said, if you're not skewing your results or setting up your experiments to get the results you *want* to get, then it should be fine.
Disconnect with nature worries me a lot. Most people have no idea how their food is grown, or when foods *are* grown. To the average person, it's completely normal to get strawberries year round, or to have mangoes in the winter. There's very little thought into what that entails.
Similarly, people are very short-termed in their thinking. I actually believe that has to do with our evolutionary past. You don't evolve a species easily that takes into account something fifteen years down the line, and things like climate change are, essentially, right in our blind spot.
That evolution isn't a directional process and that human intelligence isn't the pinnacle of it.
I was in Costa Rica, working in a former banana plantation when a Tico worker in front of me called out that he found a terciopelo. That's a fer-de-lance, for those that may know it as that. *Bothrops asper.* [Here's a picture of what their bite can do to a person (NSFL)](http://i.imgur.com/pG0f57A.jpg). That's *after* a two-week treatment with antibiotics, but no antivenom.
So the guys yells that he found one. I cut down a banana tree to get to him, but as I lift the trunk, there's *my own* viper right under the tree. I had my machete out so I cut it to pieces.
I want to say I cut it up like a badass (not that you should ever, *ever* try to kill a snake, in fact, as someone commented below, stepping backwards is a much better way to avoid a strike), but it was more like I hacked at it like a chimpanzee while trying not to shit my pants. I felt bad for killing the guy, but when the nearest hospital is four hours away by dirt road, I don't take chances.
Last summer my lab mate and I were working in a wetland with cows. They get in the way a lot, so we chase them off. We went to chase one off, until we realized it was a bull. We had to run through a wetland to escape and jumped into an experimental plot to hide. It was funny in retrospect.
**EDIT**: I hope in no way that I'm coming off as advocating for killing snakes, so I apologize if people got that impression!
The mites are haplodiploid, which allows the single female to produce offspring without mating, however, this is actually somewhat irrelevant.
Don't forget that its not always just a single mite that may infect a colony! There may be mites from different areas converging on a single bee colony, so you could have gene flow occurring there.
Even if they *don't* cross with other mites, that's not the only mechanism for evolution, there's also genetic drift and mutation, too!
It's possible that genetic mutations can arise that quickly sweep the population (because almost all offspring are guaranteed to have that mutated allele, as you say), so fluctuations may be quick and sweep completely in this species. There could also be methylation and epigenetic effects on these guys, too!
That said, even if they *don't* get new genetic combinations, is that necessarily a bad thing? Their strategy works and they may be under no pressure to evolve any differently!
Let me know what you need defined!
I feel like I'd be *forced* to call it Unidan the Biology Man.
Yes, they are, actually!
A lot of papers will refer to Mandelbrot sets and "self-design" when talking about restoration practices.
The goal is to make a pattern at some local level and hopefully let the natural community replicate that pattern as it expands outwards. I've seen this done in wetlands and it seems to hold true pretty nicely. So if you're looking at a ten by ten meter plot of land, you'll see a certain composition of plant species and if you zoom out to the hectare level, you'll see a similar composition.
They show that if you design a particular ecosystem at a small scale, it will eventually be represented at a larger scale as it grows.
If it didn't, then you might make something that's 10% one thing, 20% another, 70% something super rare, but when you see it grow past a few acres, it turns out the something rare only makes up 1% of the whole thing.
Does that make more sense?
The main danger to Western ecosystems from the East has nothing to do with their inherent biology in most cases, but, rather, their context.
These are organisms that evolved under completely separate circumstances, so when they come to a new context, they are ecologically "freed" from things like predators and disease until things can adapt to them.
So while native ants struggle against diseases at home, these ants can easily invade, disease and predator free and compete against them directly.
Also, in general, Asian species tend to do better as exotic invaders as many of the species are tropical, which usually have *much* more competition involved in their evolution than those in North America. This is reflected in plants very readily, where many of our invading plants are Asiatic in origin, for example.
I am probably most afraid of flying insects, especially when they're not predictable fliers. Things like houseflies drive me *nuts* when they're in my house.
Things like dragonflies, that have really good control over themselves, as opposed to say, ladybugs, which are basically taxi-cabs with rocketpacks.
Yup, no worries.
I help to make policy decisions involving water quality that affects people's drinking water and air quality. I also make recommendations for general health and safety!
Most recently, I helped to re-do plans for a business park that had planned to put a children's nursery on top of a former chemical spill site [contaminated with PERC.](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrachloroethylene)
Additionally, I've done comedy shows to raise money for Veterans and Animal Shelters.
I worked in the jungle to re-establish tropical rainforests, preserving native biodiversity and habitat for rare species, and am currently a college instructor, educating many of tomorrow's doctors and medical professionals!
Awesome, good luck with your degree! Go to Costa Rica, it's truly amazing. You might hate monkeys when you come out though, they are *malicious creatures.*
As for my favorites, I'm quite partial to quetzals and pangolins!
They're extremely numerous because people accidentally recreate their natural habitats, which are basically big flats of grass.
I think birds are pretty captivating, for sure, though I certainly am more interested in birds *now* than I was *then.*
That said, I was certainly enthralled with dinosaurs, which are intrinsically related, so you could make that claim!
I do environmental research, taking soil, gas and water samples to trace nutrients through ecosystems, but also do behavioral observations on wild animals. Then, I usually combine the two data sets to try to see if they influence one another, or even potentially cause one another!
A good amount of my time is spent outside, in the field, but there's always analysis to be done once those field observations and samples have been taken, so I run chemical analyses like gas chromatography and flow-injection analysis.
Thanks for the kind words and good luck in your goal!
I haven't read that book, but I've read the Hitchhiker series, of course. I'd argue he sees the world with an environmental viewpoint. I also identify strongly with his bizarre humor, it's great!
What's that book about?
That's excellent, I'll check it out!
Get experience. Like...right now.
Try to get as much field experience as he possibly can. Did he do a Masters with research, or a non-research Masters?
Ah gotcha, so he's got some experience going, that's good!
Padding out your CV can be well worth the effort, in my opinion.
Next time, *italicize* those species names, my friend! **EDIT**: Atta-boy!
Also, I'll copy and paste the answer I just gave elsewhere:
100 duck-sized horses, for sure.
Have you ever fought a duck? Just a regular duck? Or, failing that, a swan? I have. It's awful.
Trying to fight one the size of a horse would be a nightmare! Just imagine a duck the size of a horse. Huge keel for flapping its 20 foot wingspan, probably enough to break your bones if it hit you.
Plus, the honking.
Take the loudest duck you've ever heard and scale it up until its honking is like an airhorn with the depth of Barry White.
Some yolks about birds are pretty fowl, but owl give it a shot! I'd just hate to come off as a raven loon-atic if I miss the opportunity to make a pheasant joke.
Go for it, you shouldn't live life with any egrets!
Damn, you're good.
Yup, I am a member of the Sierra Club, and I'm a member of several local groups for my own area.
I think they're great! The work they do is usually for the public good and takes people into consideration, though won't completely cave to their needs over the natural world. I think the major view is to try to integrate people with nature without nature always getting screwed.
Minimal impact, I believe, is the goal for most of the conservation groups. They understand people want to use and see natural resources, versus, say, a preservationist view that may literally keep people away.
Most miserable? Replanting trees in Costa Rica. When you think replanting trees, you're imagining an area with *nothing* around you. Nothing could be farther from the truth. The areas we replanted were *dense* with vines, poisonous snakes (terciopelos and eyelash vipers, and I ended up killing a terciopelo) and on a 45-degree incline of mud.
It was probably 95 degrees with 95% humidity at its *coolest.* That sucked.
My scientific mystery, for myself, at least, would to be able to know the exact position of every bird I was interested in. Nothing is more frustrating than trying to locate a radio tagged bird. It can take hours to find *one.*
Weirdest critter? [A caecilian.](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caecilian) They are amphibians that have gone a *very* strange evolutionary route and currently resemble something more like a worm than what you may think when you think "amphibian."
Yes, it does! It was the name my father read off of our "Uniden" phone when we first got the internet.
Venom is injected, while poison needs to be ingested.
But I was seven at the time, so all I really remember was the cool tube thingy.
Haha, why was that confusing?
Must've been a different aquarium, then! Haha, I went to Florida and drove through Georgia on the way. I looked up the aquarium and saw the tube I vaguely remembered, so I assumed it was the same one!
Then I realized I was probably dumb just now.
If I come through Atlanta, I'd be glad to meet up!
Plausibly! I'll have to ask my mother where the hell we were when I talk to her next.
I wrote that sentence as if she's going to remember.
I haven't done any marine research, though I'd love to!
* There are gigantic tube worms that live near hot vents. They're an amazingly weird ecosystem. The worms have hemoglobin, just like us, in their blood and look *bright red!*
* The ocean is the biggest carbon sink on the planet.
* Much of the plant life in the Southern Ocean is actually stimulated by sperm whale feces, which release much needed iron back into the photic zone!
Thanks for the added detail!
Haha, nope, I'm actually quite a low-key, relaxed guy.
Write into the universities you may want to work in association with. A lot of them will have graduate students who require field workers who I'm sure would love the opportunity to have some extra help.
I'll dig you out, no worries!
They're cool little guys! They move super slow because they subsist on such low-grade plant matter! They also come down to the ground to poop and move *so* slowly that their fur is covered in algae!
I saw a couple in Costa Rica, they're great because once you spot them, they just *stay* there.
I'll pick the 100 snake-sized Costa Ricas, as Costa Rica has no standing military.
***THEY WILL BE CRUSHED***
No, no there is *not* a thing as too many crow facts!
Here's one: they have blue eyes until they get older. Some of them are quite striking.
I have a few, one is working on urban pollutants, another is working with American crows and another is in a wetland.
I'm quite fond of the [Resplendent Quetzal!](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resplendent_Quetzal)
How many surrealists does it take to screw in a lightbulb?
They require a huge amount of space, as the article says, sometimes up to ten hectares! A hectare being 10,000 square meters!
Birds in captivity will tear their feathers out if distressed, rip at their own skin, pace, refuse to eat, etc., so this isn't *too* surprising, though I will admit, I didn't realize quetzals did that until I re-read that tidbit!
I'm assuming the Mexican zoo has tried to enrich the bird and keep it happy as possible with lots of space!
With a single ice cube, usually.
I'm currently sitting on a bottle of Willett's Pot Still Reserve and Wild Turkey's Rare Breed. I shared a bottle of Willett's Rye with a friend a few weeks ago, and *highly* recommend it!
Yes, absolutely, more and more people are becoming concerned with the environment and ecologists will be needed to assess how policy should be directed!
I date one!
They're not necessarily mutually exclusive!
Evolution is simply a process of changing gene frequency in a population over time, and doesn't necessarily imply anything about the creation of life, or why it was created.
That said, I certainly don't believe in creationism, so I'll pick evolution all the way!
I haven't, and haven't done much at all with marine systems!
And no, I haven't seen those! It's every biologists dream to trace Darwin's journey, so, of course, I'd love the opportunity if it arises!
Do you have any photos that you're particularly proud of? I'd love to check it out!
Any honeycreepers still around?
I'm from Long Island! Those shark sightings are great. You can see some seals getting nailed by them from time to time.
That is *awesome!* Gotta love those owls.
I feel like it would be difficult to truly remove *all* fish from the ocean, but even removing the fish we *eat* would be extremely disastrous.
The fish that we typically like to eat are large predatory fish, things like salmon or swordfish, for example. These are top-down controllers for other fish, so removing them from the water allows other populations to boom.
With that, you *lose* things that those little fish eat, like phytoplankton and zooplankton or other fish, or other nekton that you rarely hear about.
With that, you could potentially throw off the oceanic primary production, which could have interesting climate effects! Within the oceans, things like whales, which rely on fish and zooplankton, would also suffer quite a bit.
I actually thought their idea was pretty clever in a way!
They literally blackmailed the world, which, to be honest, is one of the few ways to get people to *listen.*
These countries want to industrialize and improve their quality of life, but without utilizing their resources and selling them to first world countries for profit, it won't happen. This is a way of selling quality of environment, essentially viewed as a luxury good, to first world countries to skip the middleman and *force* a win-win situation.
The Costa Rican government had a good system, which was to try to eliminate erosion from cattle ranching by essentially subsidizing it. They paid ranchers *not* to farm those lands, and to preserve them. Costa Rica's biggest incomes is from ecotourism, so by protecting those assets, they essentially monetized them in a different way other than ranching.
We've evolved millions and millions of years to agree to hate on Justin Bieber.
I'm a diploid organism. I have an SO. If in the future, we decide to do some homologous recombination with our gametes, every one of our zygotes will be half me.
In terms of college education? It takes roughly a decade.
Though many can do it in much, much less!
I'd love to study the tropics more. There's just *so much* to see.
Not sure if I'd want to sweat my ass off all the time, though, so I might have to choose somewhere a bit drier, or cooler. I'd love to see Colorado sometime and see the alpine forests there.
You don't want to get pigeon-holed in something you hate. There's plenty of money in research, depending on what you research. There's more money in drug development than there is in bird biology, that's for sure.
I worked as a cook to pay for college, so once I had full-funding for my PhD, I stopped that.
The comedy stuff I ran during my undergrad and Masters, and now I do it for fun when I can!
On the low end, about 0.006 grams, on the high end, about 0.015 grams, or the weight of about ten mosquitoes.
Yes. Seriously though.
If you're in upstate New York, let me know, we could legitimately use you for labor.
It's shown me that there is a ceiling to human achievement. It's taught me to be a better lover, and now that I've had a taste of the unattainable, for many, it's given me relief. It's illustrated that we have to be the person in charge of our own fate, and we have to be the best meat we can be in our own life sandwich.
I'm still here!
Here's my attempt: http://youtube.com/ecologyvideos
I try to include the scientific names, and try to keep them somewhat consistent. If I had more time, I'd like to do narrations for some of them, especially if I set out to actually do a specific topic.
The videos I have up are mainly cool things that I made short clips of.
In my opinion, no, the two are intrinsically linked.
I've never heard someone use those terms within the scientific community unless they are talking about someone's defense of intelligent design, or something along those lines.
Attenborough. By a *landslide.*
The guy is such a legend, I don't even need to mention it. But I am. Because he's *that much of a fucking legend.*
Oh heck yes. I'd love to meet him, the guy has surveyed nearly every phyla on Earth. That's nuts.
Yes, it does!
I used to watch all those documentaries, in fact, I just had to YouTube this one to see if I remembered it right, as you jogged my memory of a guy lassoing an anteater!
**EDIT**: [Here it is!](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yTBIw0k3sY)
I assume you're talking about the Burmese python outbreak there? I haven't been to the Everglades, though I may get the opportunity soon!
I'm all for the culling, as much as I love snakes! I've handled many pythons, but the main reason I'd support the cull is due to the loss of species, especially birds, in the Everglades. It's a huge habitat spot down there and it's a major refuge for many wetland-nesting birds.
Haha, that's flattering, I think!
But I sent in some actual proof of my biologist-ness!
Haha, no, it was a photo of me doing some research with my business card.
If you'd like to see some photos, I'd be glad to share some! Just let me know of what.
Haha, it may take me a bit to upload *everything* but for a little sampling of how I view things, here's a little stock footage video I put together:
About 11 meters per second. *Seriously.*
Also, I love that you work with cows! They're fun, dumb little guys. I work with some in one of my wetland projects, here's a photo of one of the cuter ones last summer:
There's all kinds of weird relationships! There's a good one with gobies and shrimp. The shrimp is nearly blind, and the goby protects it in exchange for little morsels of food the shrimp farms nearby! They actually "hold hands" when they walk, it's quite adorable.
Thanks for the link, I had no idea there was a video! Haha, I love these little guys.
A bit, but more about their biology and ecology, I'm not very good at identification aside from some common ones.
When I say I'm going to answer everyone in the thread, I *fucking mean it.*
Haha, sounds good!
I like you, too.
In honor of Ella Fitzgerald's birthday:
If Ella was left to naturally decompose in a forest when she died, she would have long since skeletonized. It's probable that a good portion of her protein (e.g. muscle) would have been converted to ammonium in the soil and been readily absorbed by plants by now.
Given the long amount of time that's passed since she died, it's more probably that Ella's former musculature is now tied up as nitrate within the soil matrix. If she died near somewhere moist, most of it would have been transferred to the atmosphere via denitrification processes.
So what's the meaning of life, essentially?
That's up for debate!
What we do know is that most every life form we find tends to try to replicate itself, or part of itself to the next generation.
So, as best we can explain, the meaning of life is to propagate, well, life!
[I enjoyed this one a bunch!](http://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/1d42co/i_am_the_excited_biologist_ama/c9n50q4)
There was also one where someone asked how much an ant could *actually lift*, not as a measure of "x times its body weight."
I knew it would come to this one day!
I'm a fan of being in water, so I suppose being amorous in those kinds of places is nice?
I imagine we'd do it if we could fit.
Haha, there is *some* legitimate cryptozoology that I can support, but we've made calls on endangered species that we now say are "extinct" with *so much less* investigation than what has gone into finding Bigfoot.
Some people just can't give it a rest and will make evidence fit their views.
You mean modeling out ecosystems mathematically?
Of all the hobbies out there, I'm glad people still do this. Some of it gets a little crazily competitive, but I think the love for nature is pretty great. The pictures that these people come back with is *nuts*.
Christmas Bird Counts also help out the scientific community a *lot!*
I went with my whole bird lab group to see The Big Year when it came out :D
Hmm, dunno if I can pick just one!
As for hobbies, the usual: hiking, cooking, using machetes.
Decision making for some of my bird populations. There's a few individuals that every now and again will just decide, "hey, I'm going to fly a hundred miles over here and hang out." I want to know what the hell inspires that!
Haha, I'm not sure! Looks like someone else had a great anecdote, though, that's pretty interesting!
Since BAC drops approximately 0.015% per hour, no, you'll actually be *exactly* sober by the time your exam rolls around.
I read a very cool Science paper recently that showed that mycorrhizal (fungal) connections among trees might actually *raise* the risk of global climate change.
It's very counter intuitive to our current understanding of how forests work, and an astoundingly good piece of science!
Mainly from networking with professors in college.
Edgar Wright, Simon Pegg and Nick Frost
Hello reddit, we're finally here and ready to take your questions. You probably know us from Shaun of the Dead, or Hot Fuzz, or [The World's End](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ibQvQUpMTg) in theatres this Friday. We're here with Victoria from reddit for this AMA. Come get some!
update: Thank you so much for your support and your questions. Sorry we didn't get to answer more questions but we love you all. Thanks to everyone who goes to see the film and who joined in the gift exchange. We hope to be back!
No but I feel like I have because I've had to do it three times over the past 10 years for the films. I'm naturally quite wary of fences as a result.
I like The London Boys. I don't listen to anything else.
You have to go with blunt objects. Guns are very well but you have to reload them, and they are going to run out of ammo, so blunt objects - always always always.
We haven't flushed any cakes since 2007 because it led to a lot of wild cakes growing in the sewers, which led to a lot of problems in New York.
Absolutely. Yes he did, and they had a lovely meal. Shaun had some linguine and some chianti. She had a starter but not more than that since she was trying to lose weight.
Yea, of course we're aware of it! We went as guests of Norman Cook and had a thoroughly great night. They had to ask us if we didn't mind being in the film. Sometimes if things crop up on the internet it doesn't mean we haven't seen them before.
You're very welcome and we're glad you're better.
My favorite kind of tree? It's probably a cedar.
Edgar thinks it's him.
Yes. Have you seen Hot Fuzz?
I don't drink so that's my answer.
I would rather drink bleach than watch soccer.
Yea, we try to be truthful. That's our main desire. I personally think that Jessica Hynes' contribution to Daisy was what made that character so 3-D. She was like the ancestor of Hannah from GIRLS. She was the proto-Hannah. It's hard for guys to write good girls, I think, and I don't think me and Edgar have perfected our technique yet. We have amazing actresses that bring these characters to life, but it's hard to write a woman when you're a man.
Yea, I do, I use it all the time in emails. Someone sends me an answer asking for a yes or no question, I will usually respond with Yarp. Or no, if it's no.
I have seen Doohan's portrayal of Scotty and he's obviously wonderful, so it's a very authentic Scotty. I love Chris and he's a great guy and I'm very pleased to have that connection with the Doohan family.
As for the new Star Trek - are you effing kidding me??!
No it was based on the idea that back in the '80s the bars and clubs were more dangerous than before Ecstasy appeared. After which, there was a cessation in violence in nightclubs. Not saying that's a good thing but that's what it was.
1) It was for my daughter and it was a My Little Pony. I think it was Twilight Sparkles.
2) This morning I received a spa weekend from Wheels & Cake because I bought the Royal Baby a diaper bucket. A diaper genie actually.
3) Edgar Wright's assistant Leo Thompson at the Kickass 2 Party at Comic-Con.
4) I watched Harmony Korine's Spring Breakers and I thought it was excellent.
5) Transformers 3: Dark of the Moon.
Because we are friends in real life, I guess. We've known each other for 20 years and what you see on screen is underpinned by genuine friendship, and that can only be an aide to the working environment.
1) Almost immediately I think when we met. When we met we became good friends very quickly and I think it was immediately apparent to us that there was chemistry.
2) Lot better.
3) We work very hard, we don't do it to mess around and we enjoy what we do, but we have to focus. Too much messing about on set can be detrimental to the process. So yes, it's huge fun but to have to pick a single moment, we loved it all.
4) With the film it's about an idea of something being forced on someone - maybe it's part of being British, or on the fringes of the filmmaking process, but it's something that appeals to us as a storytelling device.
Happy Birthday you! from all of us.
Former Mr. Olympia, Conan, Terminator, and Governor of California. I killed the Predator.
I have a movie, The Last Stand, coming out this Friday. Let's just say I'm very excited to be back. Here is the trailer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BS-FyAh9cv8
I also wrote an autobiography last year (http://schwarzenegger.com/totalrecall) and have a website where I share fitness tips (www.schwarzenegger.com/fitness)
Here is proof it's me: https://twitter.com/Schwarzenegger/status/291251710595301376
And photographic proof:
Thank you everyone. Here is a little something special (I bet you didn't know I draw):
I would like to work with Michael Bay and Steven Spielberg. Also Sam Raimi would be great to work with.
Not much, I am definitely more comfortable in English. Which should tell you how bad my German has gotten.
The most important thing is that we need to be a party that is inclusive and tolerant. We can be those things and be the party we always have been. We need to think about the environment - Teddy Roosevelt was a great environmentalist and people forget Reagan was the one who dealt with the ozone layer with the Montreal protocol. We also need to talk about healthcare honestly - Nixon almost passed universal healthcare. We need to have an talk about immigration and realize you can't just deport people. We need a comprehensive answer. We also need to stay out of people's bedrooms. The party that is for small government shouldn't be over-reaching into people's private lives.
Mainly, we need to be a party where people know what we are for, not just what we are against.
Great question. And this has to be my last one.
Even though Congress has an approval rating of 9% (and loses to cockroaches and colonoscopies in polling), there are still some leaders who are doing the people's work instead of the partys' work. That's political courage to me, being willing to risk your job to choose what's good for the public instead of getting stuck in your ideology.
One of my favorites is Mayor Chuck Reed from San Jose. He's a Democratic who took on pension reform, he has always put the people first. You should look him up.
All improvised. Every single one.
Going to answer some on my ipad:
Get to Choppa was in the script. Stick around was ad lib, as are some of the more wild one-liners.
From someone else's movie: "Do I feel lucky? Well, do ya, punk?"
From my movies... I'll be back.
I had to come back to answer this one. First of all, it was in Munich. I have always loved a good prank, and this one was one of my favorites. The guy was a little wild. We mostly pranked the guys who showed up huffing and puffing and acting tough. So this guy was already saying he was going to win the competition. I told him that the new trend in posing was sound effects. The higher your arms are, the higher the pitch of the scream. As you get lower, you drop your voice. I told him not to worry about the reaction, this was the big thing in America and England and Germany would catch up. By maybe the fourth scream, he was dragged off stage and thrown out the back door. There were no repercussions for him, except some embarrassment.
Another great one was the time we oiled up a tough guy who wanted to squat with us. He literally waited for me by the squat rack for 12 hours on two days until I came to squat. He knew I would be there at some point because I squatted that frequently. When I put on 135 to warm up, he called it chicken weight. Then as I gradually moved the weight up, to 225, 315, etc. he said we were doing it wrong and we were going to get worn out. When we got to 405, he finally said, now you're at my weight. I told him we planned to take photos and asked if he wanted to join us. Of course there was no camera. So he took off his shirt and we really oiled up his traps. Then we said we should keep working out until it was time for the photo. He only did a half rep (he was one of those guys who did twice the weight he should have and didn't do full reps), but when he came up, because of the oil, the weight was 2 inches lower. On his second rep, the weight slid completely off and we caught it so he wouldn't get hurt. I said, "You should really warm up next time." After that, he never made fun of us for our warm-up, and he even joined in.
I also pulled pranks on my best friends, like the time Franco had just arrived in America and I greeted him with a marijuana cookie. He was fresh off the plane and I wanted to be a little cautious so I only gave him half. I took him to my friends' apartment and they couldn't figure out why we spent an hour lying on their floor laughing. They only knew Franco's reputation as the strongest man in the world, so they were shocked. Franco had a great time but didn't know why. I finally told him a few days later.
So there's a short history of my bodybuilding pranks. Thanks again. I really had a great time. I will have to pop in from time to time to chat with you guys some more. Who said we had to limit it to one hour?
I most regret not doing The Rock. I love the movie, and it turned out well. When it was offered to me there was only an 80 page script with a lot of handwriting and scribbles and it didn't seem fully baked. But they obviously did a fantastic job.
I would choose the 1 Predator sized duck instead of dealing with 100 duck-sized Predators. I've already fought a Predator-sized Predator so I am confident I could handle the duck.
Nick Offerman - Ron Swanson on Parks and Rec
Howdy Reddit. Nick Offerman here. I play Ron Swanson on NBC's Parks and Recreation. I also like to use a shovel, a broom, and craft things out of wood.
Last week I read a slam poem to bacon as a part of Malarious, a charity project to help end malaria, which you can watch at [collegehumor.com/malarious](http://collegehumor.com/malarious).
I'll be here starting at about 2:30pm EST, so give me all the questions you have.
[Here's a verification pic of my mug.]
EDIT: For those of you who are asking, my wood shop's internet locale is [www.offermanwoodshop.com](http://www.offermanwoodshop.com).
Ok, Reddit, that was some good, clean fun. Thanks for having me, now I must partake of some savoury meatstuffs. Adios.
I'm back. One more thing - my friend Jim Slonina just sent me this, he is the funniest thing I ever....
I am a very big fan of Conan, so I am tickled anytime I get to go play with him and his gang. An incredibly funny chap named Brian Stack, who has been writing for Conan for about 15 years, thought up the idea, and he makes it happen. Just happy to do my part.
I'm building character, young man. Watch it in slo-mo, you can see my hit points accumulate. And yes, that Forstner bit on the drill press is vorpal. Carbon Steel plus one, my bitches.
114 lbs. of wife.
Keeping a straight face in the onslaught of hilarity from all of our cast, except Jerry.
Stopping at the end of the day.
Amy - Her ability to combine mischief with leadership and generosity of spirit.
Adam - His sweet, gumdrop caboose.
Pratt - Best personality ever, like a golden lab meets Don Knotts. Also a fine backside.
Rashida - Incredibly well-adjusted and lovely for having been bitten by Michael Jackson's monkey as a child. Not a euphemism.
Aziz - He can say anything in the most hilarious way - also keepin' them buns tight.
Aubrey - She is beautiful and wonderful - not evil, don't be ridiculous.
Rob - A champion in every way, super funny - wouldn't mind a tad more junk in his trunk.
Retta - Could rule the world if she so chose. DISCERNING. Beautiful.
As far as typecasting, I honestly don't really give a shit. I feel pretty damn lucky to have landed in the role of Ron, and if I am defined that way, well, I can think of worse problems. If no one will hire me after Ron then I'll have to suffer through making things in my shop, performing live theater, and paddling my canoe with my wife. Yes, that was a euphemism.
Ahem. I'm given to understand that Mr. Knight did not like to be portrayed as an angry, screaming basketball coach, especially in an Indiana sweater. One might ask, "What else do you think you are known for, Mr. Knight?", but then one might get a knuckle sandwich across the chops, so maybe one should just keep such notions to oneself. It was sad for a moment, as he so encapsulated Ron's attitude towards his govt. job, but Mike Schur, P&R creator and captain, made some delicious lemonade when he replaced Bobby K with a brunette holding (boner commencing) a plate of breakfast.
I swear to Christ there was a question about "what happened to that picture of Bobby Knight in Ron's office?".
Where did it go?!?!?
What the fuck are you trying to do to me, Reddit?!?!
You're not the one. Can you see me right now?
Ted Roosevelt would hand me my ass in moments.
He was a goddamn man and soldier who could kill with his hands.
Let's remember, I am an actor who is handy with a sopkeshave.
Spokeshave. Apologies, Shakers.
Hm. I would slay, dress and serve the large ducks, then hug and giggle with all the tiny, tiny horses! We miss you, Buddy!
I sincerely got teared up at that notion. Thinking about L'il Sebastian actually makes me cry, which I think means I'm crying at Mike Schur's ability to tug at my heart strings with his charismatic, quality television program.
Have you ever eaten a fatal amount of beef? I have not.
I wouldn't call it drastic, but my penis is 5/8" larger than Ron's, in both length AND breadth, but it is held that he wields his with greater aplomb.
I think it's accurate, relatively speaking, for I once rubbed my own moustache off from sidling up to a Tom Sizemore lit fart. While urinating on an Amy Grant cassette.
No, I did not. The comedy world and the "straight theatre" were very self-contained, very autonomous groups, and I was in 100% ignorance to that fecund chuckle-field. I was working on plays, mostly with my company, The Defiant Theatre, 24/7, so it was all I could do to see another play that a friend was in, let alone go see comedy.
We keep a happy relationship by respecting it. We make it the top priority in our lives.
A lady should be treated like any person, man or woman, with respect and good manners. If you're a fellow, it doesn't hurt to open a door for a lady, or help her with her parcels. We're all in this together.
It's difficult to name a favorite wood. They are all so noble, each with its own special characteristics.
Oak is mighty and dense, for the hull of your square-rigged sailing ship, but also, when quarter-sawn, its medullary rays can make your library table sing with erudition.
Maple and Birch are creamy and many colored, like a delicious bowl of only Lucky Charms marshmallows.
Cedar and Redwood are lightweight but extremely high in tensile strength, rendering them perfect for boatbuilding in the smaller classes of watercraft.
Bamboo (a grass) makes nature's bong.
Walnut (esp. California Claro) is my gold standard for depth of figure, strength, beauty, and workability.
Ash and Hickory, straight-grained and true, make excellent bludgeons, dandy for the cudgeling of vegetarians.
Poplar ia fine secondary wood, ideal for drawer boxes and internal structure. It's also got a lovely green heartwood, if you can get your spouse to go for that.
I will sample this cask strength and, no doubt, add it to my list. I do so enjoy the normal Laphroaig, especially getting my Dad to pronounce it after a couple of snorts. He's a lot of fun with Cabernet Sauvingon as well.
I choose the thimble because no matter where I roam, you can't prick my motherfuckin' thumb with your bitch-ass Scottie Dog. Can I cuss on here?
I will never defeat Aubrey in any contest, because, quite simply, she employs black magicks in her combat, which some would call unfair or "morally bankrupt", but I would never cast such a aspersion, for fear of her macabre retribution. Aubrey is kin to the Black Goat Mother of a Thousand Young, yea, she has known the spoor of Shub-Niggurath, and upon the black midnight of her birth, every blossom of the pretty little Gilly flowers perished all across Trafalgar Square. Up jumped the Devil, and off they crept. In short, she is League with Lucifer, but I really respect her work.
Too many questions. That looks like a fine camp at Coachella, one in which I would like to consume intoxicants.
A small portion of P&R is improvised, although we have a lot freedom to spout off as we see fit. The thing is, the writing is so sublime, there is seldom any need to improve upon it. We do love to play, so we always start having extra improv fun in the later takes.
I met Amy in the early 90's and she is like a superhero mixed with both Coach and Tammie Taylor from FNL, as well as Tim Riggins and a little Landry.
In an iron skillet, over a fire of oak at your cabin.
The moments of truth in woodworking:
1) When you flood your finished wood with oil, and the grain, color and figure jump out like a visual lung-full of opium smoke (so I've read).
2) When the piece you have wrought comes into use. The canoe, the table, the canoe paddle, the pipe, the cribbage board.... when you rest your steak and your whiskey upon the table you have made, you feel pretty goddamn tall for keeping those treats off the ground..
Maybe check out pottery?
Totally just joshing, JMWTech. Take your time and keep practicing, as with any discipline. I recommend FineWoodWorking magazine, where you can read about how to tune up your table saw. Maybe it's the fence and not you. Once you get started, it's all pretty simple, it just takes practice. Finding a local class is a good idea, or a local geezer, or even kid, who knows his/her way around a shop.
Funny, I pitched a story to Parks and Rec in which Ron turned out to be old pals with fragrance king Dennis Feinstein (Dante Fiero), played by my hilarious pal, Jason Mantzoukas, and my fave part was pitching fragrances like Gravel, Tool Steel, Flank, etc. I won't list my best couple, in case it becomes an episode some day...No Spoilers!
Woodworking is a largely isolated pursuit, but it's very gratifying to do it communally, whilst AROUND other woodworkers, so you can all put your heads together when one person has a puzzle to solve. I love puzzles. I love my community of woodworkers, both in my shop in LA, in NY, and all of my new pals from the world of Fine Woodworking Magazine across the country and AROUND THE WORLD.
My moustache grows with such rampant, perpetual virility, that we need to trim it 3 or 4 times a day during filming. It was cool at first (grade school), but to be honest, it's getting old.
Hm. Sometimes we pretend we're on a CSI program and examine each other's underpants under a huge Sherlock Holmes magnifying glass....we like to go around the lot where we shoot and see whose pet's heads we can fit in our mouths (I always win with Jim Belushi's (miniature) Corgi), but no, nothing weird comes to mind. Oh, we both really love to enact Rush Limbaugh radio vomit with hand-puppets made from pig intestines, which is hilarious good fun, but I think a lot of people do that. On the coasts, anyway. So, no.
There are 2 canoes in that episode, both built by me. See them at www.offermanwoodshop.com
CH is my favorite show for envelope-pushing on the air right now. Rob Corddry is so delightfully, wickedly funny, and his writers and cast are unstoppable. He contacted me to play Briggs after we had worked in a film together, now called Taking Chances, and we enjoyed placing our fingers inside each other's mouths.
It is very hard to keep a straight face because my castmates are literally the funniest collection of people working today. Amy and Pratt and Aubrey and Aziz and Adam and Rob and Rashida and Retta. Every single cast member. Devastatingly funny.
Cold. Closely followed by, you guessed it, warm.
So far, the answer to both questions is the same:
My first canoe, Huckleberry. In case anyone wants to grow quickly bored by tables and boats, please avail yourself of:
My iPhone is kept full of The Balvenie Doublewood at all times, except for when I pour it down my gullet.
Teddy is no longer with us, so a moment of silence for #26. You had a hell of a run, Theodore.
Then, I handily defeat Clint, since he is an old - oh, wait, he pulls out a gun and shoots me, drooling something about Commies and pinko faggots and his cold, dead fingers, before falling out of his chair and soiling himself. Thanks a lot, lazythinker.
I awaken. I consume oxygen, then bacon, eggs and black coffee, then my wife, then bacon.
I love to paddle my own canoe, and also wife. Best while staring at the leaves of the maple or sycamore.
Any scene. If I am on the call sheet, it is my favoritest.
Also: Any scene with Amy or Pratt or Aubrey or Adam or Aziz or Rashida or Rob or Retta. Or in my canoe. Or as Duke Silver.
Oh, gosh. Well, we get dressed up as Marx Brothers (she's always Groucho or Harpo, and I'm Chico...whatever, she made the outfits.) and we get sauced on Gin and goofballs and run around the yard, sometimes with a lot of horn-honking, and then I set up the target rings at which Megan fires ping-pong balls and sometimes racquet balls from her vagina, often racking up an impressive tally of points (she got a 420 last night!), while I assemble my black powder muzzle-loader collection and fire lead balls at our neighbor, Charlie Sheen's secret wife's mom's jungle cats (I miss on purpose, I'm not a dick.) Normal Hollywood shit.
My wife is just apeshit for grapes. We had just done a 3 week tour of Vienna, Bruges, and Prague, over Christmastime, and every day in these venerated European cities, in a picturesque town square, centuries old, I would purchase a 12-inch pork sausage, some variety of Bratwurst, and wolf it down, muttering my adoration of Europe all the while. If your math is sound, that's about 21 linear feet of pork sausage, 1 1/4" in diameter on average. Then I was reminded that I had a naked photo shoot in NY upon the day of our return. I laughed from deep in my pork-lined belly, long and loud. It was worth it.
That's a goddamn lie.
I concur. "The Veggie Grill" is like "The Eunuch Whorehouse"
If by "action", you mean "the puss", I'd say that is not for public consumption, either literally or figuratively. The rumors that my moustache has a burgeoning career in Japanese porn are almost entirely unfounded. As far as I know.
Pencil-holders coming soon, plus other goodies for Christmas time.
"When I eat, it is the food that is scared."
Libraries are horrible and the people who work in them, with the exception of Shirley Jones, are the scum of the earth. Book-peddling, cum-belching street whores. Is, I think, the reason.
If my AMA can get just ONE library (p-tooey!) employee to quit, then I have done my job.
I have no sister. After that bit of whistle-blowing.
BACK TO THE LIBRARY WITH YOU!
You are thinking of an entirely different show, and that show is called: "Monkey Doctor".
Introduce him to my Dad.
So that I can have my role size insulted by you on Reddit!?
No thank you, SimplyPoet!
I am lucky to work often in film, television and theater. I hope to continue.
I made an incredibly sturdy oak table for Rainn's kitchen/dining area, and upon delivery, he disrobed and laid himself across it. I snapped a photo before making sweaty, grappling love to him.
Why, TheAtomicPlayboy, it's "the shit".
Cheers, Budgray 18. To comedy.
You're welcome to put in a request at Offermanwoodshop.com
We have been toying with the idea of offering a pipe.
You need new friends.
There is no choosing between these 2 vocations of fortune and glory.
I met Megan right after season 2 of W&G, doing a play at The Evidence Room Theater in LA. It was immediately apparent that I was countenancing the premiere comic talent of our age. My wife is so funny and beautiful and sings like a goddamn angel bird pixie queen, that watching her career take off, and standing by her side as she received accolades all made a lot of sense to me, and has just continually served to remind me what a lucky bastard I am. I look forward to many more years of reminders.
Ken Jennings - 74-time Jeopardy! champion
I'll be here on and off today in case anyone wants to Ask Me Anything. Someone told me the questions here can be on any subject, within reason. Well, to me, "within reason" are the two lamest words in the English language, even worse than "miniature golf" or "Corbin Bernsen." So no such caveats apply here. Ask Me ANYTHING.
I've posted some proof of my identity on my blog:
and on "Twitter," which I hear is very popular with the young people.
Some say funny, some say racist...you know, tomato tomahto.
I have told this story before, but the security on the show is pretty intense. I totally caused a CTU-like "shutdown" one time by changing my necktie using the wrong mirror--the same one Trebek uses. No contestants allowed back there!
I thought it was pretty funny at the time, except for all the crew members who probably got fired over it.
Trebek takes a lot of heat for being sort of smug and starchy on camera, but that's just for TV. In person he is sort of a nut, always doing goofy jokes and accents and little bits of soft-shoe and stuff. He's like your good-natured, slightly-losing-it grandpa.
Alex and I don't get to hang out much due to the convoluted Jeopardy security requirements. I saw him at last year's National Geographic Bee in DC (he hosts, I was doing research for my next book, Maphead, about geography geeks).
So I don't know the guy real well. He's a riddle wrapped in an enigma wrapped in a Perry Ellis suit.
I remember COUNTRY MUSIC kept showing up. That or HOCKEY. Least favorite categories. Basically anything with a mullet is my Jeopardy kryptonite.
Wait, I got it.
There once was a host named Trebek,
Whose mustache was sexy as heck.
It would have been weird
If he'd grown a big beard,
Like Conan, or Riker on Trek.
Old people can't keep their dry, lilac-scented hands off me. Man, do old people ever love Jeopardy. I can't go anywhere in public where there might be old people, like Hallmark stores or cemeteries.
Yeah, Jeopardy is not Price Is Right...you can't get on just for wearing a military uniform or an "I Love Alex" t-shirt. Every night, all three contestants passed a very hard test to be there. Ergo, nearly all the contestants know nearly all the answers nearly all the time. So it just comes down to buzzer mojo. Which is why Watson won so handily...pretty hard to have better response time than a circuit board.
I watched the show obsessively. This is pretty nerdy but I even watched it standing up behind my recliner at home, using one of my son's toddler toys as a makeshift "buzzer." (Insert dirty joke here.) My wife kept score for me. We made flash cards of presidents and "potent potables" and crap like that.
Favorite record: man that is tough. I'm listening to the new Destroyer record as I type this. When the laws are changed I want to marry Dan Bejar.
Well, yes, but I just meant there is a tough audition process, so most of the people who get on the show are very, very good at Jeopardy.
Hey Brandon! I hope I'm allowed to out this comment as coming from bajillion-seller-of-nerd-fantasy books Brandon Sanderson.
Yeah, I felt like the buzzer gods were not smiling on me last time Brad kicked my butt. This would have been sweet, sweet revenge, if a supercomputer hadn't been raping me the entire time.
> Sanderson and Jennings were roommates... Nerdgasm.
Our other roommates were Brent Spiner, "Weird Al," Kevin Smith, Stan Lee, 5/6 of Monty Python, and the lightsaber kid from that one video.
This is a like a job interview. "Well sir sometimes I just WORK TOO HARD!"
I can't sing. I've never beaten my wife at bowling. I have the same $8 haircut I had when I was five.
Bruce Vilanch is hiding under my desk right now. Unfortunately he's not writing jokes for me, if you know what I mean.
Went to high school in Seoul, Korea. Went to U of Washington and BYU. Bachelor's in English and Computer Science.
Yes to the black 1999 Corolla: straight-up gangsta.
My wife is an excellent cook and I can only make breakfast food.
Yes, it's like the first scene in A Hard Day's Night every time I leave the house, except all the girls are all in their eighties.
I am standing up on my desk right now holding a piece of paper that says UNION! just like Norma Rae, in support of organized labor in Wisconsin (I take bathroom breaks twice a day).
My TED talk is entitled "How to Make Love Like a Jeopardy Champion."
Jeopardy has made me re-write my name in the past (once when I wrote it backwards, another time when I wrote it in Cyrillic) so I don't think a giant penis would make the cut, plus it would make Alex feel inferior. But I did put [a giant scrotum](http://imgur.com/6LI9g) on the title page of my book Brainiac.
Plus think of the chicks.
My dad served an LDS mission in Korea in the 1960s and always wanted to go back...we moved there in 1982 when he got a job at a law firm in Seoul.
My Korean sucks, sadly. I've forgotten a lot. Even without subtitles, I could usually understand Jin and Sun on Lost. Mostly.
Obviously not, since I survived.
No Mr. Eko return = NO SALE!
Yeah, what was up with that? Total copout. Sun's "Tiger Mom" would have burned all her stuffed animals if she'd seen her speaking her last words in English.
They're calipers. (screams at sky) CALIPERS!!!!
Wait, you're right. I grill too. Jeez, you guys are tough.
Bacon, tomato, avocado, Monterey Jack. Wow, that sounds grossly middle-America-Denny's for an elite left-coast Seattle guy like me.
Once we are all working in the slave-pits together, I will try to put in a good word for you all. I will be like the old Barnard Hughes character in Tron, who remembers the Master Control Program when it was just accounting software.
It's normally a pretty awkward social scenario. Two of you are shell-shocked and pissed, one of you has just realized he's going to have to come back and do it all again after a 10-minute tape break, and one of you is slightly drunk and wants to get out of there before the Lakers game starts.
I feel more like the pressure is the OTHER way. People have this idea that Mormons are monolithically boring and/or creepily Stepford-y. But in my experience, that's bull, and Mormons are as diverse in most ways as anybody else. I think it would be cool if people figured that out.
So I just try to be myself.
I've thought a lot about this over the years, and have decided that Balki didn't feel right using his Myposian certification in his adopted country, due to the licensing issues, both legal and ethical, that even he would recognized.
And now we do the dance of joy!
Nice try! You can't win 74 straight Jeopardy games without also learning how to pass the Voight-Kampff. Nexus-6 babeeee.
Let's just say I tried to register on Reddit today as TurdFerguson. Shockingly, it was taken.
Lots of people think it's a Jeopardy reference, but actually I was thinking of that time Watson and I were cellmates in prison, and it kept raping me.
GET OFF MY BACK TREBEK! Or "Chaim Trebekovitz," which is his real name. Just sayin.
Never been high--except on a drug called Ken Jennings!
(Warning, Ken Jennings may cause drowsiness, nausea, "housemaid's knee," night blindness, paralysis, or death. Ask your doctor if Ken Jennings is right for you.)
(Unless you're playing a computer.)
Oh yeah. It was hard to tell because I'm typing with fire-breathing fists. WINNING!
No. I am a devout Mormon, but I'm a native Seattleite. We were living in Utah at the time I was first on Jeopardy though, but then I decided to move to a state where most people don't think water fluoridation is part of a global United Nations conspiracy. Just kidding Utah! Love you man.
I thought this might come up. Normally I would think you were a jackass for telling a stranger "Hey, your religion sucks!" but luckily this is an AMA, so all courtesy bets are off.
It's true that, from a rationalistic point of view, Mormonism has plenty that is crazy-seeming about it, but then again, so do all religions. To me--even me, a guy who tends toward sensible, naturalistic explanations for things!--that is what gives religion its charm. All I know is that my faith makes me happy and makes me a much better person.
That doesn't mean I agree with everything all Mormons do (for example: the "Soldier of Love" video by Donny Osmond) or even everything the institutional church has done. People are flawed. But in general, Mormons are salt-of-the-earth when the chips are down. They have your back. Even the South Park guys know that.
Fair point; see "I don't agree with everything all Mormons do" above. Personally, I am all about the gays.
Uh, that was host Luke Burbank's joke. I don't want people to think I am an endless well of supercomputer-rape jokes.
Only by Brad, once you get a few drinks in him.
I think both Jeopardy and IBM think they have gone to the promotional well about as much as they could with the Watson thing, and it will retire undefeated, like Rocky Marciano.
Laughing pretty hard at this, btw. Rush Holt!
Mostly Java. "Programming for fun" was always a foreign concept to me...I was not a great programmer. I pity the fools who are maintaining my old code right now.
Yeah, I wrote about this in Brainiac. The problem with specialization is that cultural literacy is starting to disappear...there are fewer facts and references that you know everyone will know. Even something like TV--there are 175 channels instead of 3. This means it's harder to communicate. It's harder to get to know people.
You should be building colossal marble statues of your Jeopardy champions, people! We are your last hope in a world in which you have outsourced all your stuff-remembering to Google.
Congrats! You will be joining an elite club of virgins.
Preparation: my book Brainiac is okay for that, but Bob Harris's book Prisoner of Trebekistan is better. (Mine is less Jeopardy-centric.) Mike Dupee's out of print How To Get on Jeopardy...and Win is best of all. But I think the title might be a little on-the-nose, don't you?
Read The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy. Know world capitals. Know US presidents and their dates. Remember: by the odds, most first-timers lose, so be determined to have fun no matter what. You will also play better that way.
Don't wear a sweater, you will look like a tool.
Hey, I just read Josh Foer's new book about memory palace techniques. No, most trivia people I know don't cram. They are just natural sponges for information. Something weird and genetic in the way their associative memory works, I guess. They are just curious about everything. And when you are curious about a subject, facts just stick. I did do some mnemonic stuff on Jeopardy to remember stubborn stuff that was too boring EVEN FOR ME to remember. Like: John Quincy Adams was elected in 1824. So I'd picture Quincy, M.E. working a 24-hour shift or something.
Let's put it this way: it involves you, between the moon and New York City.
1. Christian Aguilera was born Mormon. Not our finest effort.
2. The original proposed name for Utah, "Deseret," isn't related to "desert." It's a Book of Mormon word (and therefore etymologically iffy to nonbelievers) meaning "honeybee."
3. Mormon congregations are called "wards," and dioceses are called "stakes." Some of our houses of worship used to therefore be called "stake houses," but this turned out to be too confusing. (Especially because there was no salad bar.)
4. Mormon scripture strongly implies that the apostle John, as well as three Book of Mormon disciples, never actually died but are still kicking around someplace. Awesomely, this leads some Mormons to repeat urban legends about "the three Nephites" miraculously appearing to help little old ladies, repair the cars of stranded travelers, etc.
5. My Sunday school teacher, when I was a Mormon teen, once memorably advised us that "There's nothing more overrated than sex, and nothing more underrated than a good bowel movement." It totally worked...I don't remember a single other sermon from when I was a kid, but I think about this guy exactly once a day, and then again once a week.
Learn Hindi and Mandarin.
Thank you, I'll be here all week.
Dear Lord please don't REALLY let me be here all week...
I have a big vault full of coins like Scrooge McDuck.
I just finished the new Jonathan Franzen book (it's good! Not as good as Corrections) and am working my way through the Library of America's complete Raymond Carver volume.
Turns out Carver actually wrote in a pretty conventional prose style but he had this overpowering editor that edited all his stuff into that almost self-parodic laconic style. Weird.
Lawyer. If you have that kind of mind, you can be a doctor, but if you have that kind of mind AND ARE ALSO A HUGE SMART-ASS then it's law school for sure.
Sometime radio DJs try to do a "stump Ken" thing* and people will call in, who, I swear, have no idea how trivia works.
"So Ken, my mom used to buy shoes at this place on 125th Street? It's gone now. WHAT WAS IT CALLED?"
*because they are idiots
I guess I am unfairly conflating Mr. Bernsen with his sleazy "Arnie Becker" character on L.A. Law. Sometimes I assume Charlie Sheen is a crazy, dissipated party animal like his sitcom character too.
People keep asking me this. WORST CONSPIRACY THEORY EVER. Have you ever quit a job where you were making like $75K an hour?
But I think that lady who beat me was probably born in Indonesia, or Kenya, or something. Disqualified!
"Do most people in the audience get your awesome sense of humour? Or do they politely laugh and give you confused looks?" I think you are projecting here.
"Do you find that people you've known before your fame have tried to be more closer to you than they were before?" Actually, no. People came out of the woodwork, but only in a good way. Like "Hey, I was in your kindergarten class, good job on Jeopardy." Keep in mind this was before Facebook.
"What is one epiphany/something that was said to you that made you realize "I can maintain my fame and not be remembered as just the guy who once won big at Jeopardy!"?" Screw that, I don't want to be famous. I keep getting asked who my publicist is. Why would I have a publicist?!? I'm just a guy on a game show. I got mine. I need a privacist.
I've heard that IBM really did consider using Darrell Hammond for the voice, no lie. That would have been the awesomest thing in the history of awesome.
Sorry! Last time I tried to throw hundred dollar bills at a sixth-grader I spent the night in jail.
My balls are carried for me at all times by the thirteen contestants who lost to me on Jeopardy back in 2004 with a negative score, meaning they didn't get to compete in Final Jeopardy.
They take turns.
Is this Watson? HUMAN PLEASE RESPOND: WHAT IS YOUR PREFERRED FORM OF KNOWLEDGE ABSORPTION?
I always did my own taxes. I could have thought about that question for 30 minutes, not just 30 seconds, and still blanked it.
Constructive note to all the people who like to come up to me on the street and tell me how "easy" that one was and "even they" knew it: go to hell.
Again, devout Mormon, happily married family man, etc. But luckily my wife has a weird "game show contestant" role-playing fantasy, so yes. Yes it did.
Luckily, Mormons are not biblical literalists. So you can choose to keep all the crazy stuff you like (Moses just turned his rod into a snake! badass!) and choose to ignore the crazy stuff you don't like (wait, God just sent bears to kill those kids because they made fun of Elisha's male pattern baldness?)
I'm not saying no Mormons are young-earthers...but let's just say you're not likely to see those ones on Jeopardy.
Being corrected by you has turned my rod into a snake.
Effectively scrapped...they wanted something "smart" to pair with the Daily Show back in '05. Freaking Colbert...
That said, if you know any network execs, I have some time free.
I'm thinking of writing a bildungsroman in which a star-struck young quiz show contestant from a small town arrives in Hollywood, and the dark forces that try to corrupt him on his way to fame.
I also have a volume of game show erotica coming out in the fall.
By the way, if you are a nerd of any kind, especially a trivia nerd, I hope you check out my first book Brainiac. It's still in print at Amazon and finer bookstores everywhere. Or you can order a [signed copy](http://ken-jennings.com/brainiac.html) from my website. Or, if you like the smell of homeless people looking at pornography, you can check out from a local library. Plug over.
Why do all the options have to be sushi? I foresee problems if your graft looked a little TOO delicious.
It was just to watch him die.
I doubt I would be asked...wouldn't they be more likely to go with someone with, you know, actually hosting experience?
That said, I would do it in a heartbeat. Talk about a dream job. That dude works like five days a month reading trivia questions (okay, "answers," YEESH) and makes millions. Plus millions of middle-aged cat ladies have sexy fantasies about him.
Goldfinger and Casino Royale. I have a weird fondness for the Timothy Dalton Bonds though. Even the Joe Don Baker one! I KNOW!
Fluent in Spanish, some Korean.
Nine, but it was Heather Thomas on The Fall Guy, which probably doesn't count.
Because of the scandals of the 50s, it's still a felony to rig a game show. So the contestants are all sequestered like a jury and trooped around together like a chain gang. If one person needs to pee, it becomes a mass bathroom break. The whole scenario is a little awkward, like if all the teams in the NCAA tourney had to share a locker room.
I interviewed a LOT of trivia nerds for my book Brainiac, and they all seemed to come by it from birth. Like how you can't coach height, I guess. My son definitely has the gene, he is the kid always annoying you with his latest fact from the Guinness Book of World Records.
I wish I knew how to turn normal kids into trivia nerds, because then I could write a bestselling book with the secret. Also, the teen pregnancy rate would plummet.
If I just had one more kid, there would be five of us Jenningses and we could go on Family Feud. (My favorite quiz show ever that didn't pay for my house. I used to run home from school every day to watch Family Feud, true story.)
But I don't know if we're having one more kid. And you can't really leave the fifth spot vacant. I'm picturing an empty spot with a little floating nametag that says "VASECTOMY."
My verbal was better than my math.
I think that is going to cost the program millions. You can't say their convictions are hypocritical, at any rate. They really believe students shouldn't be having sex outside of marriage, and there are plenty of non-crazy reasons to go along with that, obviously.
My street name is actually "Special K."
Yeah, we travel a lot. Thailand and Cambodia last year, and then London for our anniversary. Growing up overseas was awesome. I can think of plenty of Americans who would benefit from having seen from a young age that (a) holy crap this country is totally different from us and (b) holy crap this country is like centuries older than us and despite those differences doing just fine!
Screw American "exceptionalism." I'm here to promote Earth exceptionalism. Our planet should be a city on the hill to the (loser) rest of the solar system. I mean, did you see that Planet Earth thing? We have glaciers and llamas and fruit bats and shit.
You know who complains about this? Europeans!!! You aren't one of those Europeans, are you?
(Actually, in my experience, it's usually the British who profess to be the most baffled by it.)
Yes, the show's little syntactic conceit makes no sense whatsoever. But you have to understand that US audiences have grown up on this format. We don't even hear the "What is..." anymore. It's like "like" or "you know." It's background noise.
I was going to this afternoon, but then I got sort of busy...
"Why didn't you bet it all on the final jeopardy question?"
It was a two-day total-point final, and Watson couldn't be passed. I had second place locked up over Brad, so I couldn't wager much.
> Did you sign some kind of NDA preventing you from publicly talking about the ways Watson's actual performance differed from the final Jeopardy edit?
No, his question was just boring. Yeah, between Jeopardy taking the show on the road (Watson doesn't travel so we taped at an IBM lab in Westchester County) and the complications of connecting a computer to the game, there were lots more glitches than normal. Did it affect Brad's or my buzzer mojo? We will never know.
I have some bad news for her.
Uh, about Anderson Cooper that is. *I'm* as straight as the Utah-Arizona border. (But without all the polygamy.)
I like writing. As long as people buy my books, I get to keep writing. Jeopardy only calls once ever seven years, and my DVD habit doesn't pay for itself!
I have this habit of pulling out my phone to double-check stuff in conversations that nobody is sure about, so people tend to realize very quickly that (a) I don't know everything and (b) that thing you do with you iPhone is pretty annoying honey,
(b) is usually my wife.
Sesame Street and Electric Company taught me to read; it's the least I could do.
But the "Fresh Air with Terry Gross" coffee mug at my elbow right now is pure affectation.
Speaking of 90s-era SNL: people do whistle the Jeopardy theme to me in elevators.
I always think of "Rooooox-anne..."
I love this trivia-lite game called Wits and Wagers so much that I just wrote some questions for it. Oh, and we are currently obsessed with this little-known 90s word game called Inklings that I bought at a yard sale.
Another shameless plug: I'm sure University Games would love to sell their warehouse full of unsold "Can You Beat Ken" board games I tricked them into printing up back in 2005. BUY BUY BUY.
People thought I look like a douche for shaking my head in faux-disbelief every time they showed my money total.
In hindsight, this is only because I looked like a total douche every time I shook my head in faux-disbelief every time they showed my money total.
I think my parents did a test when I was a kid but they would never tell me what it was. I can't decide if that means it was good or not.
Anyway, IQ is bullshit. Except for the IQ movie where Walter Matthau plays Albert Einstein as an adorable yenta. That IQ is awesome.
Yeah, where is the STOP ASKING SHIT button again?
> Is it true that you were a graduate of the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program?
Yes, but so was Kim Jong-Il. (This is my version of "Hitler was a vegetarian" for IB Eurotrash.)
No, it's not robot-specific. I'm just a welcoming guy. Gays, immigrants, the Chinese...I welcome all onslaughts.
Nobody likes to hear rich people say that money isn't everything. Nobody likes to hear celebrities talk about how GRUELING it is to be famous, sigh.
That said, winning a lot of money is sort of scary. Half of all lottery winners have lost it all in five years. How embarrassing would it be to win for being all smart-like on Jeopardy and then lose it all on a dumb investment? Or blow and hookers?
So it's pretty boringly invested in boring stuff, not Jeopar-bling. (New word!) Some went to charity. A lot more will once the kids' college is paid for. The main thing I bought is more free time: I work from home now, so I can see more of my family, play Legos with my kids, etc. See? MORMONS ARE F#$%ING ADORABLE!
It's just because we all love you so much.
Also, we all saw Marlo Thomas's "Free To Be...You and Me" as kids and it really made us warm and sensitive. Especially the Rosey Grier song.
The South Park approach to Mormonism (wacky doctrine, nice people) is so dead-on I have nothing to add.
I like atheists, but prefer agnostics. I know this isn't a new critique, but plenty of atheists have an unquestioning zeal you'd be hard-pressed not to call...religious.
I didn't notice, I was trying to work the Jumble. Congrats on your win!
"how do they decide what to ask contestants about for the interview portion? Why are they always SO unremarkable, when that's likely the only moment these people will ever have to tell the public something interesting about themselves?"
It turns out that being able to pass a very hard trivia test does not exactly self-select for telegenic-ness.
Chuck Schumer (D-NY) and Harry Reid (D-NV) both called me back personally in 2004 to try to get me to run for Orrin Hatch's Senate seat.
I am not making this up. Win on a game show and you can apparently run for the US Senate. That was when I realized the Democratic Party was f@#$ed in '04.
Registered and everything. Small d and large.
> What's your job right now?
Mindy is always trying to get me to put "OCCUPATION: Gentleman of leisure" on tax forms, etc. I usually go with "Millionaire playboy" like Bruce Wayne instead.
I got to read the Top Ten list on Letterman, which would have made my high school self pretty much explode with happiness.
Love love love Seattle. There's nowhere else to live.
Astronaut Chris Hadfield while orbiting planet Earth.
My name is Chris Hadfield. I am an astronaut with the Canadian Space Agency who has been living aboard the International Space Station since December, orbiting the Earth 16 times per day.
You can view a pre-flight AMA I did [here](http://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/14schr/i_am_astronaut_chris_hadfield_commander_of/). If I don't get to your question now, please check to make sure it wasn't answered there already.
The purpose of all of this is to connect with you and allow you to experience a bit more directly what life is like living aboard an orbiting research vessel.
You can continue to support manned space exploration by following daily updates on [Twitter](https://twitter.com/Cmdr_Hadfield), [Facebook](http://www.facebook.com/AstronautChrisHadfield) or [Google+](https://plus.google.com/u/0/+ChrisHadfield/posts). It is your support that makes it possible to further our understanding of the universe, one small step at a time.
To provide proof of where I am, [here's a picture of the first confirmed alien sighting in space](https://twitter.com/Cmdr_Hadfield/status/303244780006150145).
Someone with a good moustache.
I hit my head about once per day :)
We live on Greenwich time, UTC, same as London England. We shut of most lights at bedtime - it feels right to do it.
Australia looks coolest - the colours and textures of the Outback are severly artistic. The most beautiful to me are the Bahamas, the vast glowing reefs of every shade of blue that exists.
Sometimes we hear pings as tiny rocks hit our spaceship, and also the creaks and snaps of expanding metal as we go in and out of sunlight. The solar panels are full of tiny holes from the micro-meteorites.
I'm typing now in my 'Sleep Station', a small padded room with a door, completely private, like a bedroom without the bed, and phone booth sized.
The ones that the taxpayers want. My job is to perform them as efficiently and creatively as I can, like what I'm doing today, and during these 5 months.
During my 2nd spaceflight, while doing a live National TV News broadcast, I forgot the name of the Space Shuttle Commander. He always went by his nickname of Rommel, and to come up with Kent Rominger somehow escaped me. Instead, I said Ken Cameron, the CDR of my 1st flight. Oops.
We can adjust the temp, but we keep it comfortable room temp, good for working out and living, sleeping.
No coffee table book planned, but you never know :)
I shave with cream and a standard multi-blade, just wipe it on a cloth every time, works fine
My family is fine - in fact my son Evan is helping support my social media, and taught me how to use Reddit. My other son is in China and turns 30 tomorrow (Happy Birthday Kyle!) and my daughter is in Ireland. I talked with my wife today, she's fine too - all were at launch in Kazakhstan.
The vacuum of space has no smell, but when we come in from a spacewalk the airlock smells like ozone, or gunpowder. It likely comes from the gentle offgassing of the outer metal and fabric of our suits.
I watched a large meteorite burn up between me and Australia, and to think of that hypersonic dumb lump of rock randomly hurtling into us instead sent a shiver up my back.
Privatization is the right and natural way to go, and we are on the cusp of it now. We have a Space X Dragon coming to ISS in 2 weeks, we'll grab it with Canadarm2.
My favorite experiment is [BCAT] looking at the behaviour of nanoparticles and structures and how they form without the weight of gravity.
My laptop here onboard communicates to a server in Houston via satellite relay, and that server on the ground is hooked through a computer to the internet. The data rate is very slow, not fast enough to watch video, but perfect for things like Reddit and Twitter. We have the data link about half the time.
No Skype, but when we have the right communications links I can directly access the internet in Mission Control, Houston, and Tweet and do this AMA real-time. We have that link many times, every day. It's a great capability to have, really lets the crew keep in touch.
Currently just off the Western coast of Australia in the Indian Ocean.
I was Canada's first spacewalker, doing 2 to help build the mighty Canadarm2 robot onto ISS. It was the most magnificent experience of my life. Alone in a 1-person spaceship (my suit), just holding on with my 1 hand, with the bottomless black universe on my left and the World pouring by in technicolor on my right. I highly recommend it.
Privacy here is about the same as how I grew up - one of five kids in a farmhouse. It's never a problem.
Simply fly - to push off and glide magically to the other end of the Station. It makes me smile to myself, every time.
We have special computers that run the spaceship, yes, but they are based on normal Earth computers. To AMA I am just using a regular laptop. It's the connection that is like magic.
I love sleeping weightless. No mattress, no pillow, no sore shoulder, no hot spots. Just relax every muscle in your body and drift off to sleep.
I'm trained as an EMT, and Tom is a doctor, plus we have a basic pharmacy onboard. If it were really bad, we'd get in our Soyuz and return to Earth.
We conduct science every day, but are lighter-loaded on Sat/Sun.
The biggest danger is launch - all that power and acceleration. Once we survive that, it's just a steady threat of radiation, meteorite impacts, and vehicle system failure like fire or ammonia breakthrough.
We need better engines for spaceflight to be safer and simpler, and thus cheaper. Like the difference to cross the Atlantic in a prop vs a jet airplane.
As a species, we have always taken the very best of our technology and used it to take us to the furthest reaches of our knowledge - the horse, the wheel, the sailing ship, steamship, propellor, jet, rocket, Space Station. Yes, we will establish a permanent base on the Moon and beyond, but when depends on inventions not yet made.
My guess is that power generation is the primary obstacle, and fossil fuels and even solar power won't be enough. Meanwhile, the Space Station is the crucible where space exploration technology is designed and tested. When we go further out, it will be heavily indebted to the pedigree of space hardware proven on ISS.
I have a new one - lemon curd cake. A sin to eat, but we're short on sin up here, so I think it's OK.
My favourite picture is of noctilucent cloud - to me it is both beautiful and scientific. I never thought I'd even see those rare phenomena, let alone get a top-notch photo of them.
You can see the photo [here](https://twitter.com/Cmdr_Hadfield/status/287978095405838336).
My dreams are the same, I think - the idle ramble of my recharging brain, organizing my perceptions into fancy and drama. It's when I'm awake that things are very different :)
At first, yes, but after a few days, you start to see the whole world as one place. An awesome perspective to be given.
It looks like a carpet of countless tiny perfect unblinking lights in endless velvet, with the Milky Way as a glowing area of paler texture.
I'm still learning! But sometimes now, I am graceful. I feel like an adapted ape swinging through the jungle canopy ... until I miss a handrail and crash into the wall.
Try to look out the window as often and as long as possible. Truly see our world.
There's always positive and negative. We lost a crew early in Apollo, and the last 2 Moon landings were cancelled even though the rockets were built. Skylab decayed and fell from the sky before the Shuttle could be made ready to fly.
We've endured accidents, budget cycles, and many naysayers. But meanwhile we have accomplished countless acts of magnificence, from walking on the Moon to Hubble teaching us about the universe, to international cooperation, to Curiosity drilling on Mars, to permanently leaving Earth on ISS.
I'm working as hard as I can to help that all happen, and have been for 20 years. It's hard to leave home, but we're managing to do it as a species, regardless. Pretty amazing.
Yes, I love Bowie, and I've been singing and playing that song. Changed the words a bit, though, so Major Tom has a happier ending.
Decide in your heart of hearts what really excites and challenges you, and start moving your life in that direction. Every decision you make, from what you eat to what you do with your time tonight, turns you into who you are tomorrow, and the day after that. Look at who you want to be, and start sculpting yourself into that person. You may not get exactly where you thought you'd be, but you will be doing things that suit you in a profession you believe in. Don't let life randomly kick you into the adult you don't want to become.
We didn't see the meteorite that did all the damage in Russia, as we were on the other side of the Earth. But I see small ones burn up between ISS and the earth every day.
About 1 day back on Earth for every day weightless. Some things come back quicker, but bones and muscles take time to truly recover.
Air Cadets in Canada is a superb program for people between 13 and 18. It taught me self disipline, leadership and how to fly, and directly laid the groundwork for where I am floating today. Per Ardua Ad Astra.
Those are several bad ideas :) We're here for a pretty pure purpose, on behalf of everyone else. Keeps mutinies to a minimum.
The Earth is hit by 100 tons of debris a day, most of it natural, a small fraction man-made. We maneuver the Space Station out of the way when NORAD tells us debris may come too close to us.
we use Nikon D2 and D3 SLR cameras with lenses from 400mm to fish-eye.
I wrote the 1st version of the song, Ed used a bunch of my ideas for the main lyric and came up with that awesome melody, I wrote the 2nd verse, Ed chose the bridge. We worked together, and Ed is just a wonderful Canadian guy. I really like what we did, and the Coalition for Music Education is doing a lot of good for young Canadians with it.
We are trained to be able to do everything onboard - we have to be. It takes many years.
Station has many levels of current protection, circuit breakers inside and out, most that can be reset remotely.
Our solar panels are big and powerful, and we have enough taht we can lose some and still power everything.
We have robot ships at the Moon, on Mars, and by every planet in the Solar System. We'll go to the Moon in person again as soon as we've learned all we can on ISS, and have solid, reliable engines to take us there and back.
Can you invent those engines? You have an entire life to do it in. Then you could ride them, and stand on another world.
To be an astronaut you have to be healthy (eat your greens and exercise), smart (do your homework), and trustworthy (do your jobs well). Then you get the suit and rocket.
The aurora - Northern and Southern lights. A fantastic continuous light show as we swing north and south, just shimmering and dancing there, demanding to be stared at.
Please contact the Cdn Space Agency to set it up, at their website. They will try and fit it into the existing plans if they can. It would be good if we could!
Each astronaut has personal goals as part of their career. One of mine has been education and public awareness of what we are doing in space exploration. This current 5-month mission combined with the advent of social media has made this possible like never before. I think it is important that people see the world from this new perspective that technology has given us, and I do my utmost to make that happen.
I never get lost in the Space Station, but I often have to look around to decide which way I want to use as 'up' right now. Maybe this is how fish and spiders feel.
I did a Japanese art experiment to view the world in floating drops of water, and make HD video of it. It was fun and beautiful.
I haven't seen the video yet, but I will, and I look forward to it - thanks!
Yes, I attended Royal Roads Military College near Victoria for the 1st 2 years of my undergraduate degree. My Mother-In-Law lives in Victoria!
I've never been to that Institute, yet.
I bought my first guitar with my big brother when I was about 11, and we taught ourselves how to play. I learned formal music and played trombone at school, right through university. I play and sing in 2 bands in Houston, and played with the Chieftains at the Houston Symphony this past Friday night by video. Today I recorded a song my brother and I wrote, like an aural snapshot of life up here. I've always loved playing music.
All the pictures I take are for everyone, and available here: http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/
If seeing the world with our own eyes as one place, vivdly, daily, doesn't educate people on global issues, what will?
To be an astronaut who orbits earth and stays for a while, it needs to become your main life's work. It takes: physical fitness to the highest standard, an advanced technical degree, and a proven ability to make good decisions when consequences matter. Then apply to the Space Agency of your country, and compete with the thousands who also want to fly in space. [Jeremy Hansen]( and [David Saint-Jacques](http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/astronauts/biosaintjacques.asp) were the 2 most recent Canadians to get hired - check them out online.
The Space Station is solar powered, with lots of reserve in the batteries while we're behind the Earth in the shade, so no real need to conserve it.
We work out 2 hours per day, every day, just to stay at a constant level of fitness to be ready to do a spacewalk, and to have strong bones and muscles when we come home.
We have ~130 experiments running on ISS. I help fix them, recharge them, conduct them, and keep the Station healthy to support them. The ultimate lab tech.
If you would like to research more into what is being done on station, you can check any number of the websites provided by the [Canadian Space Agency](http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/iss/default.asp) or [NASA]( http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/index.html) for [Expedition 34/35]( http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/missions/expedition34-35/).
Hello UBC! Hello UBC Astronomy Club!
A long list of questions, I choose ... plants: we have grown plants as experiments for many years on space stations, but have none right now. This close to Earth it is simpler to bring food here than to count on growing and processing it. But to leave Earth and go to Mars, we may have to have a relaible small farm onboard. We think we have learned how, through previous testing.
PSY - South Korean Singer, Rapper, Composer, Dancer and Creator of Gangnam Style
I will be answering questions at 5pm EST for 1 hour TODAY. Send your questions now and I will try to answer as many as possible. I tweeted my verification (psy_oppa)
I compose all my music myself
Find the song called "it's art" at youtube
Call me maybe
Seoul city hall was 100,000 people!
Because i'm serious about my dancing
It only looks perfect on TV!
There's no time to be bored. I'm so busy doing the horse dance...
I feel weird about all the fans because they are so worldwide. I cannot really believe it yet.
I just wanted to be in front of people. I always enjoyed that when i was a kid.
I started learning at 8 yr old.
Favorite solo is main theme of movie called "dying young" by Kenny G.
I am nicer than you think!
They are normal people so they are freaked out because it's way too fast and way too far. even i myself get freaked out a little bit about it. we were not ready for this
That was ad libbed. Nong Chul is the name of the elevator guy and he is very famous comedian in Korea. That is a very popular dirty move he has been doing for 6 years and I asked him to do it in my video. If I am underneath, it would be dirtier!
We only did 2-3 takes and everyone on the video set was crying from laughing. definitely my favorite scene in the video.
It showed momentum of my life. Much higher excitement than being #2 at billboard!!
In korea I've been really famous for my concert. Coming soon to USA...
Chamisul. I'm a model for Chamisul
I don't play games at all. I only play physical games but i cannot tell you any details...
Where are you?
Short for Psycho
Lots of ass questions. It is embarrassing to admit but this was my very first time
I'm doing the tracks with other guys together using Logic
I thought so but only for Korea.
2. Clarinet and Drums
Not taking off shoes indoors
Achieving a larger fame than before
1. I think hyuna is the best person for gangnam style because she has both aspects, sexy and cute
2. Coming very soon
1. Unfortunately i didn't attend class that much. sorry!
2. When i was in college i was young and stupid so i thought i cannot learn creative things from other people like professors. i taught myself. but nowadays sometimes i regret but things worked out ok.
I wanted some beats so I could dance on my own. that was the beginning...
I love to listen to everything
GS is not a critique, just FUN!
Ohio university marching band
I heard my costume is costume of the year so this halloween I gotta dress more classy, as classy as possible.
Ryan Seacrest suggested I dress up as Taylor Swift for halloween!
There is no Halloween in south Korea.
Not at all because I'm korean!
In the same way, It's kind of hard to eat scrambled eggs for breakfast.
Seoul, Korea. It is my home.
I fold first
I think so?
I consider Gangnam Style to be greatest achievement in my life so far...
Best thing - so many beautiful college girls
Worst thing - too much snow
It's ok because most people only know the one song. I can fix that later!!
Adam Savage. Co-host of Mythbusters
Special Effects artist, maker, sculptor, public speaker, movie prop collector, writer, father and husband.
The blueprints that open and close the show. Those stilted conversations are hard to keep fresh. If you watch a lot of them, you'll notice we try lots of things to keep them from being stale, but they take a lot out of me. I'd much rather do my camera stuff in the moment.
It's the convention that's tough, we do the best we can. For the record, I write most of those scripts.
I can't repeat it here. Jamie has a dark dark sense of humor.
Once almost got shot by an entire SWAT team in NYC in Times Square in '87. That's a good story. I may tell it someday.
We've feared for our safety a lot. We are sensitive to when we start to feel spooked and seek to resolve the issue before it becomes an issue. I've been scared a bunch on the show. Underwater Car. Mythtanic. Hell, the first time we swam with sharks I thought I was going to have a heart attack.
Oh, and a trailer and some food.
Not at all. Our fame and the show's popularity grew really gradually. Which is nice because it's heady stuff sometimes.
They love almost everything we bring them. They shut down very few stories. But they hate the Hi-Fidelity myths that I want to do: Vinyl vs. CD vs. MP3. We'll wear them down eventually.
I did one AMA (on video) a few years back. I've been wanting to do one for awhile. Also: we have a season Premiere on the 7th of this month. New time- 8pm on Discovery. Now if you don't mind I'd like to get back to answering only questions about Woody Harrelson's movies.
Seriously, if it's funny, it makes it in. Unless it's an off-color joke (my specialty).
The corrupting influence of money in politics. It's getting worse. Publicly funded elections is one solution. It's not an easy problem to solve but it needs solving. That's what's on my mind lately. Bill Gates is taking care of the rest.
I feel seriously so dumb about the reply thing. I'm used to the format on Metafilter.
Several times we've gotten suggestions that we thought were like that but eventually figured out a way to do them: like punching sharks. The first guy to suggest that (was totally drunk btw) sounded full crazy to me. A year later we were in the Bahamas punching sharks.
Having people yell my name really loud in airports is a low point (why people need to yell about meeting me is beyond me- it feels super aggressive). Meeting any kids is always a high point.
Whenever people yell "Jamie" I don't respond. It feels weird correcting them and at the worst they're going to think that Jamie's a jerk.
7. It can do anything, but it leaves a damn residue on stuff when left for too long. Aesthetically it's hideous, but that's sort of it's appeal. I love Baling wire too.
You're welcome. That's a hard question to answer. I'm going to have to think about it.
Favorite color is Orange.
Wife loves the show. She watches it when I'm gone on a shoot (so do my kids).
Totally. The pressure of making something cool and visually that tells a story has radically improved my aesthetic sense.
Killer Cable snap. The myth that a cable under tension can slice through you when it snaps and whips around. . Not a fisherman alive who doesn't KNOW that this is true. Except that it isn't. We busted it wide open. I was very surprised. But our research bore that out: we found not a singe first person account of it happening. Everything was circumstantial.
We're talking about cables that WHIP. Aircraft carrier cables are so large it's like getting hit with a steel girder. And cables can sever any part of you if they're under tension and you're between them and something hard. The myth is that a cable under tension can whip around at such a speed that it can slice flesh. I dispute that we didn't fully test it. We tested it with every grade of cable (up to 1" IIRC) that could be found on a regular boat and tensioned them up to 85% of their breaking strength and sliced them. Dented pigs was all we got. There's plenty of first hand accounts of people getting things severed by ropes, cables etc. That's not what we were testing. We were testing the whipping action. Myth busted.
And that is what would happen.
Best fan moments have been getting emails from people in grad school who tell us that they got interested in their field from watching us. That's crazy amazing.
The other great thing is meeting fans who I admire. Like Simon Pegg, Guillermo Del Toro, Jamie Lee Curtis, Vince Gilligan, Matthew Weiner, Sophia Bush, Seth Rogen, Michael Chabon, Craig Ferguson, David Letterman, James Cameron. It's a long list.
I have. It's an old old pic from when he was in high school. He wont' make it public, he's a private guy. Amazing to see a young Jamie though.
I did see it. You can't even guess how much messages like this warm my heart. Cheers to you and I hope for every success for you.
No, but it's up there. I love that movie. All of them.
Jamie and I shoot with Camera, Sound, Second camera (for high speeds etc) and director. We're supported by 3 Associate producers (location booking, permits, expert finding, esoteric item ordering, signage and everything else). We have a production manager (of course) and her team. Runners, Production assistants. K, G &T also have the same. Entire San Francisco crew is about 25-26 people total for both teams. It's a terrific crew. Many have been with us for 6-7 years. Turnover is very low.
Wallet. Iphone. AA Flashlight (I use it multiple times per day). Keys to house, shop and car. Leatherman (on the belt).
With Jamie, what you see is what you get.
I love the HK Mp5. Feels like shooting with a sewing machine. So light. We used them to try and start an avalanche in Telluride. Didn't work.
I'm so happy that we've become the poster children for failure as a mode of exploration. Thank you. I tackle things all the time that are beyond me. Sometimes I try again, sometimes I let it go.
It's a great and (temporary) thing that people want to ask me about what I do. I will miss it when they stop. I'm grateful and humbled that us farting around in the shop has had such long lasting resonance. It's humbling.
Old (often drunk) dudes who ask me myths about them dating Kari. I know she's lovely, and I know creepers gotta creep, but don't do it around me. I feel like her dad sometimes with how protective I feel about this.
Desert island food: eggs.
One of my favorite restaurants right now is Namu in San Francisco. 18th and Dolores. They're killing it right now.
That made my day. Thanks.
Juggling 5 balls. I can juggle 3 quite well, and 4 passably, but 5 is a goal I've never hit.
Raising my kids and meeting my wife.
We try, we do both sometimes. But we're both fully inculcated with the english system, sad to say. That's how we think.
I had been called in by my supervisor to build, paint and light a Jawa Hangar for the Episode II trailer. They needed it done in a day, and I was fast. I was in the paint booth later that afternoon, putting some rust washes on the roof and Steve Gawley (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0310697/) came in and said that it looked great, and how was I doing it? I explained that I was copying the paint job from the Sand Crawlers (which Steve had freaking painted back in '76!) and he said that mine was great, could I show this other painter how I was getting the effect.
Working with guys as generous and cool as Steve, Lorne Peterson, Larry Tan, and everyone else at ILM was dreamy. I loved every day there.
The date, at the time, went just fine thank you.
She did not become the future Mrs. Savage. She is still, however, a good friend. She prefers that I not tell her name.
Hmmm. That's a good one. I liked dousing the car with gasoline and lighting it. That flame moved FAST. Totally scary. Good thing i was wearing a fire suit.
You don't want to ask me. I dropped out. There's no control to compare against with my experience. But one thing I do know: there's always time. I spent my 20's thinking I was running out of time, now I realize that there's a lot of it. Try something different. Try everything. Jeez, now I sound like an advice columnist.
They do that themselves by never coming up with a positive (non subjective) result. We don't need to complicate things by starting to try and prove negatives on the show. That's not our business.
Yes we can. I love that show.
It might seem pedantic, but we were following the rules according to the parameters we'd set. I agree with you however.
I loved that chair at the Warner Library. Is my dad's mural in the kid's section still there?
Ahh criminy. I've seen some amazing caricatures on Deviant. I love the walrus dancing gif. Weirdest: once I explored Rule 34 (look it up) and read some Jamie/Adam slashfic. To be clear I read about a paragraph. I will never erase what I read from my mind as mind bleach doesn't exist, but there you have it. That's the low point. I'm sure that there's worse than the 300 some-odd words, but I'll never know.
Hey, sewer rat may taste like pumpkin pie, but I'd never know 'cause I wouldn't eat the filthy motherfucker.
We met through the inimitable Paul and Storm.
Eric Haven does the blueprint signage. He's one of our Associate Producers and an accomplished comic book artist. The main signage in the episodes is usually done by my cameraman Scott Sorensen or me.
Criminy, lots of them. I'll say this, because we are forced to do very few iterations for each test, we work hard to build good methodologies. We don't necessarily stand by our results, but I'll stand by our methodologies.
We call it arguing. Seriously, sometimes it's super obvious what to test. Sometimes we need to plot it out to see if there's a good show in a story. Sometimes we'll start with one idea, and then INSIDE that idea is a better one.
Tons in terms of accolades from people I admire. Now THAT was humbling.
We still have about 200 good stories on the master list. And it grows every week. I'm dying to replicate a study I read recently that men get stupider when women are around.
I'm most pleased with how it all looks now. I'm very happy in my 40s. My wife likes this look to. And I like looking good for her.
5 years- still doing MB and also producing other tv. Good tv.
Hard to say with MB and it's longevity. Our ratings are still great after all these years. Crazy. No idea when this train will stop.
As for getting back into fx? No idea. Could happen. I miss it sometimes that is for sure.
Yes we will retry the rocket car myth. That's all I'll say for now.
I seriously am glad for the partnership with Jamie. He may drive me nuts but nothing in my life has been as fruitful as our collaboration. The best partnerships thrive on being able to resolve conflict, and we have that. And also, like I said, we never disagree about the money. Given that half of all humanity is totally insane about money, I'm truly grateful that neither of us are. We've agreed to turn down several very lucrative offers over the years because we didn't like some aspect of what we were being asked to do. We don't get residual payments for Mythbusters. What we're being paid is pretty much what we're gonna get. So all we end up with at the end of all this is the legacy of what we made, and our integrity. We're both committed to the same ends regarding both.
Yes indeed. Our episodes have been part of published papers about 6 times. The most recent one is the one in which we made a sewer and used a methane explosion to make manhole covers fly 150 feet into the air.
We make 23 some-odd per year, often 24. That's the most we can do and keep the quality (and our sanity). New ones start airing next week though!
Of course. Part of my job.
His name is Rob Lee. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_additional_MythBusters_cast_members#Robert_Lee
He's a Canadian living in Australia narrating an American tv show.
You're welcome! A thousand times welcome. Good luck!
When it's done you can.
Okay MonroeMoose ,
For you only, and you alone, if you don't think it's worth it, I will personally refund your tickets. Deal? You can email me, my email address isn't hard to find.
I can't tell you THAT. I drove an Indy car though. That was cool. Our two drivers, Ryan Briscoe and Logan Gomez were both awesome drivers and excellent guys. I hope we meet again.
I would TOTALLY do an episode in space. I would LOVE to do that.
They're designed by Gillian Kaplan from Specs in the City in London. Model Doron BK in gloss (they make a matte too).
We plan about 3 months out. 4 times a year we spend a week plotting stories (they never end up following our original plot, but we get close enough).
I agree about the water heater. We did know how. What we didn't know was WHEN.
We have a lot of plans for Tested. Keep an eye out (though our best stuff ends up here regularly. I'm always chuffed when it happens.
Holy crap you're totally right. I didn't understand Reply. Sorry for being an idiot.
That's a subjective question. My beard IS better than Jamie's.
Yes. They broke the mold when they made him. One of the universe's own prototypes.
Because I'm a ham.
The falcon is stalled. Some of my projects lie dormant for years before I take them up again. You never know.
Anything I'm working on will eventually find it's way to Tested.com. I'm working on an animatronic alien head.
We film an ep in about 9 days. The other team also takes just about that amount of time.
"Whirlpools and whirlpools and whirlpools..."
I've just been reading a ton of Michael Chabon and I love LOVE the Yiddish Policemen's Union. Raymond Chandler is my favorite author. I read all of his books about every 5 years. Seriously . I love Hundred Years of Solitude.
I have all the BPRD comics. They're awesome. I also read everything by Alan Moore, Frank Miller.
No idea what Jamie's routine is. I shave and trim every other day or so.
The Sombrero was too cumbersome.
It's OK, I'm still here.
Instructibles. Make Magazine. Web based instruction is great nowadays. And get into theater. Theater is the greatest training ground ever. Theater is the first art form to re-emerge intact following an apocalypse.
Depends on the day. I have so many to choose from.
We have several stories on our roster that touch on this:
Moving Easter Island heads, moving stonehenge, and pyramid blocks. They're intense, but we'll eventually do that as an ep.
That's awesome. Thanks for sharing that.
Oh faster than light travel to be sure!
I can't possibly pick one. Though having Hellboy's coat comes close...
Is that even a question? Coca-Cola!
It is. It's a good Irish name.
Hey Reddit, I'm in the Breaking Bad's writer’s room answering any questions you can throw at me from 5-6 pm.
I'm also helping raise money for the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) - they're an incredible organization that has helped recover more than 183,000 missing children.
To thank you for your help, I'm offering anyone who donates the chance to fly to LA with a friend and be my guest at the final season premiere. And we're not just going to watch together, we're also going to ride up together in an RV, where we may set some sort of record for being the first people ever to show up to a premiere in a Winnebago.
Check it out here: http://omaze.com/breakingbad
Edit: I'm having a ton of fun. Thanks for all the questions so far. I've decided to send a blue ice to 5 most upvoted comments before 9 am PST tomorrow. Good luck and don't suck with your questions.
2nd edit: You guys are great and I had a great time. But I have to run and watch someone get crushed by a crane.
Update: you guys were so great that I decided to film a thank you video with my 5 favorite experiences from this AMA. [Check it out.](http://www.reddit.com/r/breakingbad/comments/1go93f/thank_you_reddit_and_watch_out_for_cranes/)
Hahaha. The woman who would throw them both out of the bar.
Oh yeah, many times. There was one episode when where someone was giving us a problem and I told him to take care of it and he didn't know specifically what I meant by it. I said "I need you to take care of it" and I reached into my waistband and pulled out a gun and put it on the counter. He understood the message. Then during the scene where I said "I need you to take care of it" I reached into my waistband and pulled out a dildo.
There was a guy who was hit by a crane and killed instantly. I couldn't stop laughing.
All-time favorite tv show is Breaking Bad, I don't know if you guys have heard of it before. When you say the Godfather, everybody says "oh the Godfather", but it was really remarkable. I loved the Andy Griffith show for its simplicity and warmth, but I also love Louis for its sardonic humor. My favorite food is typically what I am eating at the time. But if I had to chose one, I'd have to go Italian. How can you not love pasta?
That I was able to make a living as an actor nearly my entire adult life.
Anything tall and thick looks like a penis to him.
I use a straight razor. Every man should shave his head at some point and walk around.
I think if you were born without promises or come from a middle class or lower middle class environment like I was, you have a benefit of not being entitled. Therefore humility goes along with it. I realize I am very lucky to be doing what I do.
Yeah, Jesse was not supposed to survive after the first year. He was a character that was need to introduce me into that world and then he was going to die. But Aaron Paul captured something in him that was so necessary to the fabric of the show that it was a no brainer to keep him. They knew in broad strokes where the character was going to go, but they kept resetting after each season.
Well, I would have patted myself on the back but I was holding a pizza. Yeah, I did it in one try. It was a real pizza (a super xtra large) and very heavy. I just got lucky and it landed in the right place on the very first try so we let it be that way.
Haha! I wish I could comment but I'm in negotiations to represent those brands. See them in a JC Penney's catalogue soon.
Bob is a fucking liar. I have a job opening for him.
How is the Stig, I wonder? I did see Sammy's monologue and I'm going to be making one of my own from one of his monologues at some point to help with the Alzheimer's research and finding the cure. I sympathize with him because my mother also had Alzheimer's and it's a horrible disease but he found a very interesting way to bring attention to it.
In a way I'm sad to see it go but in another way I'm so proud of it. To me it's like retiring after winning the Super Bowl.
John Walsh introduced me to the charity many years ago and I just gravitated to it because my daughter was 6-years-old at the time and I felt compelled to actively get involved.
Just wanted to say, again thanks for considering making a donation to help NCMEC. Just today the FBI Most Wanted list included a former professor at USC who was making regular trips to the Orient and having sex with little boys. This is how expansive this problem is because it's not just the guy in the dirty overcoat you need to be worried about. They're very well organized and many are very well-educated. It's a huge problem not just internationally but also domestically.
They have some child pornography cases that includes not even year old children, month old children. It's sickening so every dollar that's donated really goes to help the pedophilia problem on the internet.
Ha! You know there are many ways to teach people and you just have to find your own way end to stimulate the minds of young people. This was a ruse Walt designed way back when... "someday I'll pretend to be making Crystal method, get him to be my partner. Yessss, that's it."
I'm doing action chops write now to depict that. I did voice work for the Power Rangers years and years ago. Someone once told me they named the blue Power Ranger after me, his last name was Cranston. I found out years later that was true.
Breaking Bad ended the way Vince Gilligan wanted it to... which is exactly what I wanted.
Oh my god. They're not "dick grapes," they're "crotch grapes." Keep your mind out of the gutter. That was a Conan experience so you'll have to Google that.
Yeah, I am. It was my era and I would try to get tickets to see their latest tour but I'm not going to be in the city so I'll have to catch them next time.
Wow. How about breaking in the middle? Season 15.
Well the first thing that comes to mind is the birth of my child. If nothing inspires you to be a better person than to be a father, I don't know what would. And then I'd kill her with a crane... I'm on a crane kick right now. I like to see things (mostly people) get killed by cranes.
As long as you stay of my territory, well be fine.
That presumes I haven't already.
Grueling. It was fun but tough because I thought I was going to spend 5 days in an air-conditioned building. Instead the episode had us on the road in the San Fernando Valley heat during the summer. But still damn fun.
It would have been cuter. We would had a cuter Walter White.
It's in the past now but that was one of the saddest things, to realize that was coming to the end. He's a great actor but an even better person.
Albuquerque became a very important part of the show and I really enjoyed my time there. I look forward to going back at some point. You know, strolling central in Nob Hill, Church St. Cafe in Old Town, El Pinto is another place I go. And I ride for miles along the Bosque.
Giancarlo is such the antithesis of his character Gus. Gus was calculating and always had an agenda to advance himself personally. And Giancarlo is an open warm loving caring man.
No. Not yet anyway. But there have been plenty the other way.
My feeling is that Walt broke bad in the very first episode. It was very subtle but he did because that's when he decided to become someone that he's not in order to gain financially. He made the Faustian deal at that point and everything else was a slippery slope.
Now? I don't know. But I thought about being a police man when I was younger. I was pretty close to becoming one too but in college I took some acting classes and I found that the girls were much prettier there than in police science.
I have seen every episode at least once. But I am able to watch it with some detachment. I am not one of those actors can't watch myself or highly criticize myself. But I don't heap on praise either.
As supple as a babies ass.
You are the man from Afghanistan. And I am the turd they call Heisenberg.
Heisenberg. Call him "Little Berg."
Edit: If you can't go that far, then Walter sounds nice. And if it's a boy...
Did your brother finally start watching the show or does he still have a vagina?
Edit: not that having a vagina is a bad thing. It just needs to be with the appropriate person.
Because he was on the road drumming for his band King's Foil.
No and yes. Donate the beer money to the cause! I'll take a rain check.
Hi Luis, good to talk to you man. Miss you. And I'm happy to be the first person to direct you on the show. You and your brother really contributed greatly.
Oh no, they can post those videos... wow. What I discovered is that everyone has a dark side. It might be unrealized, untapped, but if the right buttons are pushed anyone can become dangerous and I just opened up to it. Now I don't want to say that I killed people in preparation for the role... but I can't deny it either.
It was either that or bury yourself in a hole in Iraq somewhere. Are you writing from the after life?
First of all Mr. Pickles. Thanks for pointing out our age difference... you little shit. Speaking of that, no he doesn't flush. And further more I think Walt is just misunderstood. He's a lovely person.
What do the bridesmaids look like?
1. You can start by looking at www.missingkids.com and if you have children, take lots of pictures of them because if god forbid anything happens, the picture is the most important tool to retrieving any child. Thanks for your help and support.
2. Oy, the most important period in directing for me is the pre-production. The more work I get accomplished, the smoother the shoot is. There's no shortage of hard work. You gotta be willing to put in the time and effort.
First of all, happy birthday. Walt says today you be the danger. There was a moment nobody ever really wrote about in the first or second season...when he was in remission from his cancer and he decided even though his hair was growing back, he decided to shave his head some more. And that was big thing for me because it made a statement that he was truly accepting this new life of his.
Um... gosh. Sandy Koufax, Vin Scully, my grandfather. As far as acting heroes, Dick Van Dyke, Jack Lemmon, Rod Steiger, and Spencer Tracy.
My favorite moment? I'll say my favorite meth moment was the teaser in season 3 where Windy was the song and they had the meth whore, Wendy, trying to score and she would give head to anyone who would drive by in order to get her fix. Juxtaposed with that bubbly song were these horrible acts where she's squatting in the alley, taking a pee. It was just nasty, nasty visuals and I thought it was brilliant.
Yes. For an hour. And you can live it an hour.
Negative backlash from a cartel would be death. If I had I wouldn't be here answering this question. They don't reprimand or send out a cease and desist order!
Very excited. It's the perfect opportunity to venture into a different character and kind of get lost in it. Please come see it, starting in mid-September in Boston. It's called "All The Way."
Hopefully, it takes a society to protect its own, not just those paid to do so. So we all have to be vigilant and look after every child.
The things that I think are common in Walt in Bryan are his villainy, his avarice, his hubris, and his love for seeing people crushed by a crane.
Thanks... my eye stayed that way.
Ask your stinking question!
I'm thrilled that Ron Paul is so excited. I like him because the good thing about Ron Paul is that regardless of your politics, he'll tell you what he really thinks. He's not a bullshitter and it's so refreshing to have someone like that in politics.
No, just uninformed.
Hello. I have zero idea what is about to happen. I'll answer as many questions as I can. I'm sure I don't have to mention that if you go to http://www.louisck.com You can buy my latest standup special "Louis C.K. Live at the Beacon Theater for 5 dollars via paypal. You don't have to join paypal. The movie is DRM free and is available worldwide. It's all new material that has not been in a special or on my show and will never be performed again and it's not available anywhere else. I'm sure I don't need to mention any of that so I won't bother. Oops. Hi.
Producing the music is maybe my favorite part of the whole thing. I go into a studio with Matt Kelmer and a handful of great musicians that work under the title "Sweet pro" and we just fuck around. I get to cheat and make music without the training. I ask them for different moods and sounds and they try it. or we'll say let's go with cello and piano for a while and try a few things there. The cello player, wish i fucking knew his name, is tremendous. he creates whole pieces by himself and I use them ALL.
Haha. I remember that. Are you female? Because the funny thing is I remember there was a young working woman standing there with a walkie on her hip as this kind of desperate (not uncute) young girls is openly offering to fuck me. I remember the juxtoposition. When you're a dad, you see every grown female, especially young ones, as possible models for your daughter's future. I remember thinking that I would never let this working woman down by fucking this chick between shows. Plus I don't do that.
Anyway maybe it wasn't you. Are you sure you're not the woman who offered to blow me?
How has it changed?
I don't really hang around after shows. I bolt.
I think the idea of fucking someone who just watched you perform is... It's just not me. I mean, keep trying ladies. You never know!
Maybe next time there won't be a well adjusted and bright young woman acting as my concious and ruining what may have been a terrificly depressing blowjob!
I don't talk in person the way I do on stage because it's a performance and it's disstilled and the language is more deliberate. I make the same kind of jokes with my friends and family for sure and I have safe relationships where I can float a crazy or wrong idea and find out where it goes just as a life excercize and some times those things end up on stage.
That was a whole bit that i cut, but i kept the Chinese baby part. It was the funnest part anyway. Then later when I say during the airplane bit "I'm flying first class because i talk about babies with big dicks" it kind of makes no sense.
Jesus, what a good question. Oh my god. Someone needs to give you a dollar for that.
Okay. I do love to learn. It's all I feel like I'm ever doing. It's really the best you can do in life, is learn. You can't really do anything right. You can just learn.
Right now, I am learning to be a dad. I am learning how to take better care of myself and my kids. I"m learning how to communicate with people in my life.
Professionally, I'm learning right this minute, a HUGE amount with this web experiment. this live at the beacon thing (available at httlp://www.louisck.com for 5 bucks) is like that thing in the movie "Twisiter" where they send a bunch of little data collecting balls up into a tornado and just download the lovely results. The whole things has been like that. From the moment it went online and I saw the result of every decision I made. the last question the web guys asked me before we posted was if I wanted the mail list button defaulted to "opt in" or "opt out" and i said start it at opt out. It's such a tiny thing but I keep hearing about it from people. So so interesting to watch this grow.
I was on the subway once and this old lady came up to me. she pointed right in my face and screamed and diarreah started just gushing out of her onto the floor. I'm not sure she was a fan but it was pretty awful. Also it never happened. But it will...
I would love yo make more movies. That is a FUCKING HARD JOB though, dude. Just to get it made. You can't even do anything else while you're tyring to get it made and then you probably won't. It's heart breaking. Then it takes a good 2 years to make and finish the movie then it maybe won't come out and then maybe it gets changed and worse than the movie not getting made, you made it, then it got changed into something you hated and then came out.
Yeah. that's hard.
If I can get a deal to make a movie the way I do my show, i'll do it. Otherwise... no.
I have a dream, though. You want to hear it? Yeah? Well, okay.
I thought about what if I make another special like this one and i put it up for 5 bucks again and it goes gangbusters. It makes, say, 8 million bucks. I don't know that that is even possible. I'm trying to find out what the potential is with this one.
But so if I make 8 million, which all goes through paypal right into Pig Newton, my company that makes my show and made the special. Well I would leave the money in there and make a fucking movie.
This special, if it explosed, cause really it's only been up for 2 days, more like a pre-sale. If it really tears an asshole into the money monster who then shits dollars into my mouth (oh my god what's wrong with me) then I will use that money to buy a home and get some security which i NEVER have had in my life and have certainly not gotten from my low budget show.
So it would have to be special number 2 that would keep the money in the company and make a movie. I have always put cash back into the work. The profit I made on last years season of louie went to buying a new RED EPIC camera which now sits here next to me and a modest but impressive collection of lenses from germany and england, which now belong to Pig Newton and will be used to shoot said 8 million dollar movie.
I wrote way too much here that I should keep to myself but fuck it i'm pressing send.
I dont know if it's okay that I'm starting before 1230 but here goes.
I got it by demanding it and refusing to do the show any other way at all and by having the leverage that I was completely willing to walk away without doing the show and by agreeing to an extremely low budget so that they could offset the risk of giving me this freedom becuase they are risking less money.
I have had conversations with them about very few moments in the show but zero battles.
Yeah I do the whole thign. On season 1 I had an editor and we shared it about half. But Season Two I edited without any help. It was fucking hard. and Yes, I sit at the Macbook and just put it together from start frame to finish.
Everybody is different. some comedy is more "musical" like steven. he is a pillar of comedy to me. He invented a whole form and all his jokes are poems. so it's different. I wanted to do it like george. now i do it like me.
I don't know about "Supposed to" I think there's a million ways to do things. there was a pitcher for the Yankees once named Orlando Hernandez or "el Duque" he was a cuban exile. A thing they said about him was he was hard to hit cause he had so many arm angles and release points. a hitter studies a pitcher and watches for the ball so he can time it, but with el duque, you don't even know where the fucker is coming from. Nine o clock? Eleven? And does he let go of it up top or out front? Impossible. I sometimes think of comedy in those terms.
I think that with The Office, Ricky created somethign that the world will never forget. It was so human. It was somethign that would have made Dickens beat his ugly wife in anger.
I love Ricky.
I would love to do a show there and go see my abuelita. I wish I could do a show in spanish. I can't pull it off. But i have had offers to go and do a show there in English. I will try to do it next year.
My daughter said "you should do a episode where you go to afghanistan and bring a duckling to keep you company." so i did it.
It was fun working with Dane. we hadn't made up or even really fought. It was kind of intense. he's basically a good guy and we had a lot of work to do that day. So it was just work and fun and weird.
Patrice. Big loss. Big man.
Well she has an imdb credit. So we'll see. I feel like there is a bar set that I have to do one episode at least per season that is way above the level of the others in terms of production and scope. So we'll see. I haven't written season 3 yet, which is really bad.
This shit I'm doing right now, by the way, is confusing as fucking a three cunted cow in the dark.
I really mean it's confusing for the cow. they're not used to being "In the dark" LIke a totally dark room. even at night, there's the moon.... moo!
it as filmed in Santa Clarita California which is not technically in afghanistan. it was really hard. IT took months to pull it together. we shot it two weeks after we wrapped the rest of the season. It was brutal and stressful and scary and unforgettably fun.
Hilarious. he has a bit about a baby selling crack that drove me crazy when i heard it.
Some things don't change. You need to get on stage as much as possible and vary your stage experience as much as possible and not quit and take care of yourself and always question why you say the things you say and enjoy yourself. The context of history and technology just is what it is.
I still have the same freedom because i don't care, when I'm writing, that I"m famous. It doesn't help or hurt.
I have oh my god so many black tshirts.
The poker scene in season 1 was very written but then I let the guys go off and fuck around. I used some of that. I don't generally let people improvise though. That works for shows where you have two cameras that are just sort of following the action. I shoot my show like a movie and it would be all fucked up if folks just said things.
You're an asshole.
Bill Cosby, George Carlin, Steve Martin. The rest is a long answer. they made me want to be a comedian.
I love editing. I have used Avid in the past but I exclusively use Final Cut Pro now, though I am concerned about the future... You always have to put three dots after the future...
Editing is part of the process. It's how you form everything. In some ways not editing yourself would be like a sculptor dropping some clay off at a guys house and saying "Make a naked lady chasing a bull. and do it nice."
It's worked well so far. It's far from over, so I don't know everything yet. I haven't even started promoting it. I'm doing a lot of press in the next few weeks. so we'll see what impact that has if any.
I really liked the duck vaginas joke. I really liked the being white is great stuff.
If I could legally kill a celebrity it would be your mother. FIrst I would invest a lot of time and money getting her a marketable entertainment skill and promoting her till she's famous, then I would hit her in the face with a pan that kills people when you hit them with it. SOrry. You asked. It just happened to be the truth.
I'm not an athiest. I think god is there and that he is watching and he made us. I just don't give a shit.
Well I don't "Believe in god" I have zero idea how everything got here. I would personally say that, if i had to make a list of possibles, god would be pretty far down. But if I were to make a list of people that know what the fuck they are talking about, I would be REALLY far down.
Wow you people really take shit seriously.
The last jobs I had were fixing cars and covering football games for a local access TV station. As in driving the mobile van to the field, setting up 3 cameras, teaching depressed grownups and interns how to use them and directing the game from the van and then wanting to kill myself.
Hmmm. Craziest reaction. I can't think of one! Such a good question and I'm blowing it. Sorry.
There ain't one.
Im not going to say yet what it's making. It's so damn interesting though to be doing this. I feel like I have a front seat to a really cool... thing. I don't even know what it is.
I think it's really interesting that I brought the price so close to stealing and made the movie so easy to get and made it so clear that it's a human offering it that it sparked a debate about pirating.
To steal from someone and not feel bad, you either have to be a sociopath or view the act differently. One way is to remove "Someone" from the equation. You're not stealing from a person. Big companies do a lot to help people view them as less than human. I heard a speach by Noam Chomsky who said that corporations are like super humans. They cannot be hurt like a human can and they never die. They are not succeptible to scrutiny or accountability. This makes them more profitable. If companies want to enjoy these benifits to some degree they have to live with what else comes with being not human. You miss out on compassion, forgiveness, comraderie, empathy, trust all kinds of shit.
The other thing is I can only do this because I'm an individual and I can decide what my risks are that are acceptable and i can make my own goals for what is success. So I forwent (is that a word?) a lot of conventional routes and tried this. I am risking and there may be a celing to the success, but for me it's okay. I feel like as of this year, I make enough money as a standup my goal now is to bring the cost down for those who buy my stuff. i really mean that. It makes me much happier. Also I did see that there might be a tremendous upswing to this. I was really excited about this material and I though it would be really cool to just put it out there myself witha little electronic hat that only takes fives and just see what happens.
I don't know yet if I'll do it again. It hasn't run it's course. But I AM SO HAPPY I DID IT. Just so fun and it has been massively gratifying to share the positive of it with so many people who have written and expressed their feelings.
The day before I posted the video I went on pirate bay, which I had never visited and I read the guy's thign where he posts letters from media co's and artists and then his nasty and kind of hilariously chest beating responses. I thought "Jesus. This guy is a piece of work. I would NEVER tangle assholes with this guy." and then I thought about it. What do I say to these people? To hope they don't make me regret putting it out there naked like this? So I wrote that little "to torrent" letter, just being a guy saying "Dude. Please?" It's the best I can do. If it doesn't work, well.
So anyway, seeing the people who have fought about it on pirate bay and that there is a crisis of concious and everythign that's been written and to see that i've gotten paid. Just so interesting and hope-giving an dcool .
I think I will do that, yes. But it will be totally self produced. For now, We are going to post a "cover" and DVD label that you can download and print. this will be available to everyone who has bought it, not just new buyers.
I might do a dvd and an audio cd down the line.
it's an interesting question. I don't have a formed opinion. For me it's just something I'm trying to navigate in the present.
Oh one other thing before I go. I did read what that uploader wrote and I will say it was funny to me because he seems or is acting like he's in terrible pain when he does it. He's having a crisis of concious and just... Oh man I'm so sorry but I have to do this!" but the crazy thing is, if it's at all bothering him, why is he doing it?? He's sharing it, not taking it.
Well, if you look at the page, it's because he's promoting his own stuff and using my project as an attractor. That's happening on youtube also. So I'm learning that SOME pirating is caused by people piggybacking their own product on another. Interesting.
It's been a while since I've seen any british standup. The difference as I've seen it in the past, is so intangible. It's really hard to describe. There's just a different set of cues, of moods and tones that are familiar to people in different countries.
One thing I have noticed, though is that some standups in other countries are influenced by what venues they are used to playing. Festivals are big over there. and galas, that kind of thing. So some times they get kind of loud. That's a generalization. because then theres guys like Dan Kitson, who just puts his soul out there. Goddamn that guys' funny. Hey thanks for reminding me. I have to put him on my show this year.
I bought a stuffed elephant and then took the subway home.
Oh my god. You just ruined my life.
Probably pissing my pants at school, everyone pointing at the giant stain in the front of my pants and laughing. I mean EVERYONE. Jimmy Carter, Liza Minelli, Butros Butros Gali, the Pope before he was Pope AND the kids he fucked. They all laughed at me. then I had to walk home in the cold with pissed on pants and legs and I had red rashes all over the front of my lower body when I got home. The bath I took, though? mmmmm. that was good. I pissed in there too.
Well it's me with poor judgement and worse luck.
Well I hope I'm on stage for the rest of my life ala George Burns instead of Carlin, but yeah I'll never stop doing standup. Even if it's in little clubs . The rest of it, I'll take what I can get.
Just so you all know, I'm getting a "status 504 error code with some of these answers. some of them say 'Submitting" for a long time. So i dont' know...
Licking your mom on the back of her head. Like all her hair and shit on my tongue. Oh man. I just bummed myself out so badly.
Richard Pryor live in concert. George Carlin (the one at the beacon that he did where he opened with an abortion joke)
Eddie Murphy delirious. Bill Cosby HImself.
I'm really grateful that they come to the show and I want to far, far exceed their expectation of a good time.
When I'm on stage though, Im just doing my thing. and they are there and we're together. It's fun.
I have been told that people walked out of my show in a huff or somber disgust, but I never witnessed it much or had anyone come up to me. I get emails sometimes from people offended by stuff. An interesting pattern is that when I did the video about the catholic church fucking boys I got a lot of Christians writing me angry emails. They all would follow the same pattern. "How can you say such things about the lord" and then "You are a fucking sick disgusting piece of shit" and then "If i ever see you in person I'm going to bash your fucking scull in" and then something else violet that is like a weird physical threat that I never heard before. So... there's that.
Not that I have been told or seen but a whole lot of white people get mad.
I don't know how to break this to you but "jinx" isn't a real thing. You don't owe that kid a coke. You'll be fine.
I don't know how to break this to you but "jinx" isn't a real thing. You don't owe that kid a coke. You'll be fine.
5 dollars. Seriously. Only one guy bought it. Pretty suprising, right?
Um.... tryin'a think. I'll come back later. What do you think?
I spend a lot of time with my kids and I raise them for half their lives and I love them very much. I am a pretty patient dad. They have seena few family friendly bits and they laughed like hell because they know i'm not like that. they get the humor in heightened anger over little things.
If I were a distant or awful dad, then my act would be their nightmare.
That kid is very fictional. We have a pretty great community at the school... yeah.
I thought of it on my own. My initial idea was to offer it to an existing service online. I told them that it would be cool if the special was totally exclusive to them instead of the usual thing where it gets wheeled like a racehorse. You see every special on itunes, netflix, hulu, vimvam whatever. So i said let's put this special on just one service like when there used to be "HBO specials"
Anyway then I thought, fuck it. I'm doing it. and as long as I'm doing it, I'm going to make it dirt cheap and really easy to use. I'll pay for it out of the ticket money from the show (was a little more) and just try this. It'll be fun.
And it is.
When I first got into the Sundance Film Festival. i had a short film and it got accepted. That phonecall was... they can't take that one away from me.. that shit was good.
It's actually more of a conceptual "bag" like "what's your bag" or maybe it's like a duffel bag, like the one david banner slings over his shoulder after his hulk self makes him leave town yet again. Poor guy. has to carry around that smelly, rotting bag full of dicks, that the hulk rips off of people's bodies.
Astronaut Chris Hadfield - Before flying to the ISS
[Here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYM8xTQt3Bg) is an introductory video to what I hope will be a great AMA.
My name is [Chris Hadfield](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Hadfield), and I am an astronaut for the Canadian Space Agency and Commander of the upcoming mission to the International Space Station. We will be launching at 6:12 p.m. Kazakh time on December 19th. You can watch it online [here](http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/index.html) if you're so inclined.
I'm looking forward to all the questions. I will be in class doing launch prep. for the next hour, but thought I would start the thread early so people can get their questions in before the official 11:00 EST launch.
Here are links to [more information about Expedition 35](http://www.nasa-usa.de/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition35/index.html), my [twitter](https://twitter.com/Cmdr_Hadfield) and my [facebook](http://www.facebook.com/AstronautChrisHadfield?fref=ts). I try to keep up to date with all comments and questions that go through the social media sites, so if I can't get to your question here, please don't hesitate to post it there.
The Soyuz is very small and the weight balance affects how it flies, so we are very restricted in what we can bring. I thus chose small items for my family and close friends: a new wedding ring for my wife, commemorative jewellery, a watch for my daughter (I flew a watch each for my sons on previous flights), a full family photo for my Mom and Dad, and some mission emblem guitar picks.
I grew up speaking English, learned some German in high school which I unfortunately mostly forgotten, and since studied and learned French and Russian. On station English and Russian are the standard languages, and all astronauts are trained in both.
Launch is immensely powerful, and you can truly feel yourself in the centre of it, like riding an enormous wave, or being pushed and lifted by a huge hand, or shaken in the jaws of a gigantic dog. The vehicle shakes and vibrates, and you are pinned hard down into your seat by the acceleration. As one set of engines finishes and the next starts, you are thrown forward and then shoved back. The weight of over 4 Gs for many minutes is oppressive, like an enormous fat person lying on you, until suddenly, after 9 minutes, the engine shut off and you are instantly weightless. Magic. Like a gorilla was squishing you and then threw you off a cliff. Quite a ride :)
No. The reason is that the blood doesn't drain to your feet. You're lying on your back so you don't black out.
It takes about 15 seconds from being in the sun to being in complete dark. It is like sunset happening completely in 15 seconds.
Ha! No. We're not beginners, and we're not unprepared. We train for years so that we're ready to do our job properly.
In the centre of every big city in the world, surrounded by noise and teeming millions of people, are lonely people. Loneliness is not so much where you are, but instead is your state of mind. On Station with the world in our window, people on the radio, family just a phone call away, and other crew members to chat with, plus a full plate of experiments and work to do, loneliness is no more of a problem than it is everywhere else.
Our Space Station toilet looks like a camping toilet, and uses airflow in place of gravity. When waste comes out of the body, either solid or liquid, it is pulled into the toilet by airflow. The urine is mixed with other waste water (humidity, water samples, etc) and purified back into drinking water. The solid waste is collected in a small sewage tank and put into an unmanned resupply ship, that is then jettisoned and burns up in the upper atmosphere. For a good summary, watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jj-WgWLdiG8
Space food is fine, tasty, and of good variety. It's limited to food that has a long shelf life, with no refrigeration and no microwave, so it's a lot like camping food or Army rations. The majority of it is dehydrated, so we add cold or hot water to it, like Ramen noodles or instant soup or powdered drinks. But we have a mixture of Russian and American foods, plus specialty items from Canada, Europe and Japan, so we eat well, and also use dinner as a good time to get together and talk, relax, and be human.
Shrimp cocktail. Because the horseradish sauce has a really strong, sharp flavour that survives rehydration.
I think I like Russian space food the best. It has the most natural flavour and it is more like the comfort food that I grew up with.
I wish we could! I love poutine, especially on a cold day. But it doesn't keep nor travel well, and definitely isn't suitable for freeze-drying :)
Maple syrup, maple cookies, buffalo cranberry jerky, blueberry bars, chocolate, Holy Crap cereal, specialty honey ... lots!
People have sex on Earth all the time. It is a normal, basic human function and fundamental desire, necessary for the propagation of our species. It is also steeped in cultural and personal significance, and thus gets extra attention. There will, of course, be sex in space, just like everywhere else, but for a small crew, the subdividing emotional attachment that goes along with it could be very harmful. We also have had very limited hygiene and privacy to this point. With bigger and bigger crews and spaceships, however, it will become a natural part of human existence in space, just like on Earth.
I miss a hot shower, fresh food, the smells and variety of Earth, and direct human contact.
Astronaut selection requires 3 fundamental tenets: health, brains, and experience. You have to be able to pass the toughest medical in the world to be a Space Station astronaut, so stay in shape and eat right. You have to demonstrate the ability to learn complex things, so an advanced technical university degree is needed. And you have to demonstrate good decision-making when the consequences really matter, so important to have work experience such as a medical doctor, or test pilot, or saturation diver. That will whittle the selection group down to several hundred - after that other skills matter: languages, flying experience, diving experience, personality, attitude, how you present yourself. And above all, a driving, fundamental desire to be an astronaut is required, to successfully endure the life demands of the job.
In all societies, we need to balance how we spend our money. The vast majority needs to be on human health and services. A portion also needs to go to education. In addition, some needs to be for research and exploration. It is vital that we take care of our people, educate our young, and develop opportunities for the future. If we don't challenge our citizens with demanding ideas and possibilities, they will either go elsewhere which is a loss, or not realize their potential, which is a tragedy. The key is to decide what is the right balance of budget, and when you look at the actual figures, I think the Space Agencies of the world get it about right. I know in Canada we work very hard with the money we are given to do as well for our country as we can - developing useful products, better understanding the world and human health, and inspiring our next generation.
Fear comes from being unprepared when facing the unknown. Being thrust into an unexpected situation and not knowing what to do makes everyone uncomfortable, and thus we fear it, especially if it can embarrass or kill us. As astronauts, we avoid this by working for years to understand the unknown, and decide in advance what we will do. That's why we study so much, and why we live and work in simulators. Often the 1st time you try something hard you are nervous, but the 50th time it feels normal. We try and make everything that might happen during a spaceflight feel just like that. So it's not that we're extra-brave - we're just extra-prepared.
No astronaut has ever seen an alien, despite what popular media would like you to believe, though we are, of course actively looking; it's one of the basic purposes of exploration. As we speak, the Mars rovers are hunting for signs of life on our nearest neighbour. I'd love to help discover life somewhere besides Earth, but it's important to keep perspective and reason: while everyone often sees things they don't understand, to immediately label them 'UFOs' and conclude that they have to be alien life is just wishful thinking and a bit silly. Don't confuse entertainment and lack of understanding with fact.
No one gets to be an astronaut without a strong personal conviction that gives them strength and confidence. No matter what religion or creed they believe in, all astronauts have something fundamental within themselves that they can draw upon. The actual experience of space travel in fact deepens this, reinforces it, and accentuates the awe and wonder that are at the base of it.
Precisely. Regardless of what they believe beforehand, I find spaceflight enhances a person's views, as opposed to greatly changing them.
When things don't stay on the table or fall to the floor, you lose them ALL the time! So we use Velcro a lot, on almost everything.
Yes, It looks like stars from the surface of the earth, but not nearly as bright as the moon. The brightest things are lightning storms. You can see lightning storms at night for thousands of kilometers. Regular lights just look like stars from the earth. Big cities stand out as one big local glow.
This is an excellent question. Nobody ever asks this.
I'll trim my mustache with scissors and a vacuum cleaner.
Yes, I am a science fiction fan. I grew up as a science fiction fan. I like Arthur C. Clarke, Issac Asimov, Robert Heinlein. I like Edgar Rice Burroughs, Star Trek.
That said, nowadays I prefer science fact.
Sleeping with no gravity is wonderful - you can relax EVERY muscle, you don't need to roll over, you don't need a pillow - VERY comfortable!
It feels so ... unfair! Even your ARM is heavy. It takes about 1 day on Earth for every day in space to readapt.
I'm not sure, our connection is intermittent and slow, but if I can do an in-space AMA, I will!
> How is preparing for a Soyuz flight different to the preparations you had to go through for Space Shuttle missions?
A shuttle mission is an end in itself. It is limited by the amount of time a shuttle can stay up (about 2 1/2 weeks). A Soyuz flight is going somewhere, and staying there for half a year. A Soyuz flight is part of a long mission. A shuttle flight is a mission to itself.
To further that, the Shuttle is far more complicated than the Soyuz. As well, as a Canadian I can be a Soyuz pilot, but could not be a Shuttle pilot. Soyuz parallel parks better, too.
>Was it all done in a simulator? did you ever get a chance to try it in a real jet?
Yes, I did. Simulators all have serious limitations. Our test program was initially approved in a simulator, but all the real testing was done in flight in f-18's. We rewrote the procedures for out of control flight recovery. In the test program, we put the jet out of control around 120 times. However, I have only accidentally had an F-18 in an out of control spin once, and the recovery procedures worked (during a practice dog fight).
When we come in from a spacewalk the airlock has a distinct smell, like gunpowder or ozone - that is the smell of space.
>How does your body feel after being in space for 6 months?
Adapted. You feel like a spaceling. You feel completely normal, and don't even remember that you're flying. There is no up or down. You are really no longer an earthling, but a spaceling.
>Are you excited to meet the ISS robot: Humanoid Kino Bot in 2013?
I know of Robonaut on board, but I'm more excited to see Canadarm 2 again. It is a much more capable robot.
>How did it feel when your saw earth from space for the first time?
It feels like someone's revealing a secret to you. Like you're getting to see something magic for the first time. It feels like an honour. Like a huge privilege.
Robonaut works in a fixed location inside ISS. We put it in place. There are plans to bring up legs for it, and eventually it will be able to move on it own, but it's still in early testing and certification.
Being underwater, especially when I lived on the ocean's floor for a few weeks.
[NEEMO 14](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NEEMO), in an underwater lab.
The big difference is that the US has launched vehicles. Americans fly in their own space ships. Canada has never had human launch vehicles, and we have always flown in other countries' vehicles. It is sort of a space between ownership and being a guest.
Doing what it is doing. I think we're doing the right thing right now. We are looking at Canada's needs and cooperation internationally, making sure that Canada is involved in everything from the Hubble telescope to studying pollution in the atmosphere to being on Mars to commanding the space station.
I try and manage my stress at work, not at home. I think that's an important thing to note. Stress normally occurs when you can't solve a perpetual problem or you can't get comfortable with a certain idea. When you can't control your own destiny. I try not to let myself be that way. I try to truly accept the things I cannot change.
I like to show up at home not stressed. But to answer more directly, I run, I play guitar, I go for walks.
Like magic, like a genie touched your head and said "Fly!"
They should look at the photos of the tracks and Lunar Landers sitting on the Moon :)
Building your own human launch vehicle is extremely expensive. It makes more economic sense to cooperate internationally with people who've already developed that capacity.
Having a conversation in weightlessness is like chatting in a swimming pool. Your sort of drift around, and don't always look at each other. But when you want to say something important, or be clearly understood, you need to get your heads lined up and make eye contact.
Maybe also like a conversation in bed.
The best part is being weightless forever. It is like magic. It is like having a superpower where you can fly. You can fly forever.
A huge meteorite burn up between me and Australia.
We get peppered by micrometeorites all the time, but the Station has armour. It won't stop a big one, but we have emergency response prodecedures if we get a puncture.
The Station has no distinctive smell - it is clean and well-maintained, like being inside an airliner, maybe.
My day has been fine. We did a media tour of Quarantine here in Baikonur (they were all wearing masks so we wouldn't catch their colds), I exercised, I studied, I did emails, and now I'm doing an AMA. I also ate well - the food in Quarantine is good!
I have an BEng, an Masters in Aviation Systems, and graduated from Test Pilot School.
The Space Station has 130 experiments running simo, from studying the human heart to collecting dark matter from the universe to measuring the health of Earth's atmosphere. We run the experiments, and the building, and fix everything that breaks.
I don't hate anything about it. The worst part at first is motion sickness, then later that you can never have a good shower. You can't properly clean your body like you can on earth. You can only just have a sponge bath.
No. But being in space makes me feel like I need to take batter care of the Earth. To be a good steward and advocate. To pick up trash when I see it, to notice the beauty that surrounds me, to recognize what's precious.
I try not to hate anything - it's rarely a motivator to do something good.
What excites me most in space technology is ... propulsion. We are very limited in what we have now, and to go to Mars or further we will likely need something better. The VASIMIR engine, the ion drive engines, much more efficient solar power, these all help point the way to the future.
During my first spacewalk I was riding on Canadarm2 as the Space Station was coming across the Indian Ocean in the dark, at 8 km/sec. I shut off my spacesuit lights to let my eyes adjust, so I could see the lights of Australia.
But instead, I saw ... the Southern Lights. Thousands of miles of greens and reds, yellow and orange curtains billowing and flowing with light, pouring up out of the Earth under my feet. I couldn't believe it.
Could this really be the Earth I knew? How could this always be happening and I had never known it?
It gave be a new-found wonder at our ignorance, and really showed me our planet as a ball going around a star, just another planet, but an immensely beautiful one. Made me love our Earth even more.
Pretty well. The advantages are full-size, tools and equipment being just right. The disadvantages are that there is drag in the water, and your blood rushes to your head when you're upside down.
We have the ARED - Advanced Resistive Exercise Device - like a big squat machine, and work out 2 hours per day. With that, we have largely beaten osteoporosis.
I invented a form of darts - with a heavy metal knob that had a velcro sticker on it, a long zip-tie as the haft, and a handkerchief parachute to slow it down, all duct-taped together. I aimed at Vecro on the walls, threw it slow and straight - worked great!
Go WOSS! I am a proud graduate.
Apollo 13 was a great film. I thought it was well told and was quite accurate.
Armageddon on the other hand...
Worthwhile things often involve risk. The secret is to balance risk vs reward. I am NOT a thrill-seeker. I take calculated risks to do things that I deem worthwhile. Like being strapped into a Soyuz rocket in 6 days.
The Space Station is noisy, as the fans and pumps have to move the air to keep us alive. So it sounds like playing in the back of a bus.
The best part is that the guitar floats in front of you. You don't need a strap!
You have to relearn how to bar chord, as without weight, your arm goes too far, and you overshoot.
Study what you love, and learn it as well as you possibly can - pursue your passions.
Interesting question, one of perspective. I find every day fulfilling. I work hard at what I'm doing, I do it as well as I can, and I find satisfaction in every small thing.
It is not like my life is compromised so that I can fly in space. I love each part of each day, AND I fly in space.
I think it's largely how you look at it.
Yes - I flew the world's largest centrifuge in Star City, Russia, to practice manually flying the Soyuz home through the atmosphere. It can get to >20G, but we only go up to 8.
I bought an Omega Speedmaster, very useful for spaceflight.
I find theoretical math hard, but also useful. It's like using a complex machine to do something you couldn't do any other way, like a backhoe or a fly rod. Once you see the purpose of it and learn how it works, though, it gets easier. It just takes dogged work and repetition to figure it out. Also true for spaceships.
Assuming I already had a competent crew, so that I wasn't counting on this person to operate the vehicle and keep us alive, I would bring an extremely talented artist. One who could capture the experience in a way it had never been captured before.
That may be a songwriter (such as Stan Rogers, if he were still alive) who could put a profession -- a way of life -- into perspective.
We have a squishy thing inside we jam our nose into while we clear our ears - we scratch our nose on that.
When in space, if you look away from the Sun, it is total darkness. It's because there is no air to reflect and refract the light around you.
You can even take a picture looking at the Sun. The bright Sun will be blown out in the image, but space around it will be black.
The only light becomes the glow of the Earth and starlight. Very cool.
My favorite subject in school was English. I love the exquisite power of language, especially when well-used. It can sometimes turn our random thoughts and mental images into poetry and lyrics and speeches that truly communicate and inspire.
I am bringing books, mostly as gifts for my crewmates. Ebooks are nice, but it's also nice to hold a book in your hands. I brought humour books (Dave Barry) and classics (Conan Doyle), and my wife has packed books for me as a surprise. I hope :)
I sure hope we go to Mars in my lifetime. We have satellites orbiting it, rovers driving around and sampling it, and are learning on the Space Station how to build spaceships that we could trust to go that far.
One small step at a time, it's amazing how far you can go.
30 years ago, who'd have thought I'd been commanding a spaceship?
Space is absolutely silent. With no air to transmit sound waves, there can be no noise.
So when you're out on a spacewalk, all you hear are radio transmissions and your own breathing.
The coolest gadget on ISS the the AMS - collecting dark matter and high-energy particles to try and figure out what the universe is made of.
Yes. It is easy to despair, but it is better to look at history. It has never been easy to organize a major project. But we've done it anyway, and there are lots of examples. The Space Station *is* a long term space project, the Mars rovers, Voyager, Messenger orbiting Mercury. All of those, plus the hundreds of satellites orbiting Earth -- those are all part of the long-term space plan. It's not perfect, but we're making it work anyway.
I believe that in the vastness of space there is a likelihood of alien life. However, there is no evidence whatsoever to suggest that any creatures more advanced than man have ever been to earth.
International cooperation is difficult, especially with finance and risk, but the ISS is a shining example of success in that area. I think we are doing what you suggest.
I've been working towards being an astronaut since I was a nine year old boy watching man land on the moon.
I love my job, and get a tremendous satisfaction from doing it.
The great people I work with, pushing themselves and me to the limits of what we can do with our lives.
Shaving is similar, though you can't rinse your razor, so we use them up faster. We use disposables.
Since we are an international crew, we chose which annual holidays to celebrate. We agreed on 25 Dec Christmas, January Orthodox Christmas, and New Years, so we'll celebrate all three!
The shuttle program was only one of many NASA programs. It was a way to get to space and back, and the purpose of spaceflight is not to launch and land. It is what you do when you get there. With all of the unmanned vehicles, and with the space station that we've built, the relevance for the populace is huge and permeable. As well, the US is working on building follow on vehicles.
I've been in Russia and Kazakhstan for months - I dodged nothing :)
Part of the job of being an astronaut is trust in others - I have no choice, and it has worked for me so far.
I served Canada for 25 years in the Air Force, and was eventually promoted to the rank of Colonel.
I am a true Canadian, yes, born, raised, Leafs fan, Tim Horton's maple dip lover, have lived in 6 provinces and visited them all, Rick Mercer advocate, speak 3 languages including French and English, know all the Stan Rogers tunes by heart and feel great pride in our home and native land. Thanks for asking.
Jón Gnarr, Mayor of Reykjavík
Anarchist, atheist and a clown (according to a comment on a blog site).
I have been mayor for 910 days and 50 minutes.
I have tweeted my verification (@Jon_Gnarr).
I have no opinion and I think the importance of it is hugely overrated.
Undressed after being in drag on Gay Pride. Taking a shower only to find out the shower didn't work. And sometimes I like to go out on the balcony when the pond is frozen and some children are playing on the ice and yell: "This is private property! Go away or I'm calling the police!"
How could I not have come up with it?
Standup: Bill Hicks.
Comedian: Karl Pilkington.
Yes, that's true. It really was a sledgehammer.
Be yourself. Don't be evil. Show a little empathy.
I wish I had been able to finish school and work as a neuroscientist today.
Yes, I still consider myself to be an anarchist. Or libertarian socialist like Chomsky calls it. For me it's first and most a job. I am not an anarchist because it's the perfect political theory. I am an anarchist because there is no such thing as the perfect political theory. What has affected my anarchistic ideas most is the internet. And maybe there will rise a new idea of neo anarchism and I think and I hope that some sort of anarconomy will be the economic system of the future.
I have been thinking a lot about this. I actually think I would be a good prime minister, but of course it all depends on the platform.
Meetings. Some more meetings. Speech. Concert.
Then I would have to say Reykjavík.
I knew we would win from the early beginning. How I knew, I don't know. I just kind of felt it. Be creative. Use youtube, facebook, twitter, the lot.
I don't think I have done any crazy things. But there was a lot of crazyness before.
It means the fly of peace. I use it often. It has a strange attachment to Flugufrelsarinn by Sigur Rós.
Global warming is a fact. But I think the effects on Iceland are mainly positive. The weather is improving every year.
1. I have a dream that one day Reykjavík can be an internationally declared military free zone and center for peace operations in the world. I have written President Obama a letter emphasizing this.
3. No, sorry. Do you?
HAM, Kleópatra and Ghosdigital :)
I admire the platform. The hive concept and liquid democracy. I follow it closely.
No. She would never beat me up. I think.
I have dined with kings, I have been offered wings, but I have never been too impressed. I like regular people.
My books will be out in german next year, and hopefully in english soon after. If ever in Reykjavík please drop by. I'm usually in a meeting.
Crass is the best!
Hang around and blend in.
Yes, I love him. I'm actually his mother.
Já. Call of Duty, Half Life, Fruit Ninja in long meetings.
Probably because of the smallness of this country I live in. We are only 320.000 and practically everyone is friends on facebook.
No, I think with increased globalization Iceland and many other smaller European countries will increasingly become bilingual. In the end I think we will all be speaking english.
Wow, thank you. I'll look into that.
Send me an email at email@example.com
I don't know. I can try. But he's pretty uncontrollable. I have been trying to get Tig Notaro to come here. I would also like to see Eddie Izzard.
I've been following Colorade and Washington and I think I'm for medical marijuana.
Getting the chance to really have a saying. I try to use it wisely.
Well, it's mostly about nonviolent communication, humanistic values like humor and the opinion that politics are a part of our society and don't necessarily need to be boring. You can be funny and even silly and still be serious.
Everybody speaks english here. I cannot make you honorary citizens, sorry (protocol).
Yes I love Sigurrós. Flugufrelsarinn clings in my head every single day.
I'm a feminist and they are all men. I would really like to see some yule gals. You know, equal rights and all that.
I have really no knowledge of the sky above me.
2. I am proud to be a human, and a citizen of this world.
3. Guess they like me.
4. Depends, maybe.
5. No idea.
Surviving. And still having fun.
There are so many.
When I'm in meetings with aggressive and rude middle aged men and women who raise their voice and even yell at me. If I got to choose a profession I would like to be a neuroscientist. I am fascinated by the human brain. I think I can say I'm in love with it.
I can't say whatever I think like before.
This is a complicated question. But the hardest for me has probably been financial matters. Deciding the amounts of money that go into different services.
Happyterrified. I also had the deep sensation that something really important had happened.
Grettir-sized Egill any day.
I am kind of an alien in the political world. A little like ET of politics and I get treated accordingly. The younger the people, the more they seem to like me and understand me. The older they are, the weirder I become.
Thanks. I guess I have a passion for life. I don't think the "guys in Washington" are going to waste their time listening to me.
No, I made it clear from the early beginning that it was not an option. Disappointed many, offended a few.
Indriði, og Instans.
I don't know. Your system is much more brutal than ours. There is just so much a man can take.
I became a politician in an instant. I am good at communicating with people and I think that's my greatest asset. I genuinely like people. Exercise communication. Do talks. Conversation etc.
A lot can be done but it's very complicated. We can start by introducing nonviolent communication between the people, the politicians, and not least the media. The media is often the most vicious dog in the yard. Watching politics on television is not encouraging young people to go into politics. Often politicians are just like gladiators in an arena. Sometimes they are assholes who deserve it, but most of the time they are not. Eliminate fear. Bring a little more love into politics.
1. Best time would be July but I would like you to come here in November because we have so few tourists at that time :)
2. You have to enjoy a whole day in one of our outdoor swimming pools.
I really have no such thing as "free time". Sleep?
I sometimes have two hotdogs in one bun. My record is four hotdogs, two buns.
I'm still trying to.
No I don't think so.
Bob Metcalfe - Inventor of Ethernet
On May 22, 1973 with David R. Boggs, I used my IBM Selectric with its Orator ball to type up a memo to my bosses at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), outlining our idea for this little invention called “Ethernet”, which we later patented.
I worked with the IEEE Standards Association to develop the IEEE 802.3 standard for Ethernet, which specifies the physical and lower software layers. Today Ethernet and the IEEE 802.3 standard are the foundation for today’s world of high-speed communications used in billions of homes and businesses around the world.
I submitted [this]
to the mods awhile back so I could get on the calendar but I figured you’d like to see it, too. Now, ask me anything!
It's been two hours and 179 comments. Have to go now. For more about Ethernet's 40th Birthday, go to http://www.facebook.com/Ethernet40thAnniversaryIEEESA
Did not make my Ethernet money on patent royalties, but by SELLING Ethernet for a decade to people who didn't know they needed it.
Yes, but they didn't. I was lucky to be born to my parents, to accidentally get accepted to MIT, to sneak into Xerox Parc, and lucky to get the completely new problem of having a building full of personal computers, one on every desk, if you can imagine.
Yellow is the official Ethernet cable color, in my mind. I wonder if IEEE has a spec on that.
Am quite famous among my people, networking nerds. That's enough for me. On the other hand, who is Katy Perry?
God (or Darwin) gave us one mouth and two ears. Take the hint. Best to listen first. Summarize back with the language you've heard. Then, act!
The Internet reduces market frictions and expands freedom of choice. I give the Internet credit for everything good that has happened since 1969.
No. But I think the there's good stuff on TV, more good stuff than before, despite all the crap. Good thing we have search.
I'm with you on that.
For some values of I, invented, and Ethernet, I can honestly say that I invented Ethernet. But so can a lot of other people. Proud, yes. Also, wildly curious about where this monster goes next.
Predict that percentage of Internet traffic that is multicast will increase over time as news, entertainment, and information invade.
Sir Tim holds the 3Com Founders Chair at MIT, where I am a Life Trustee, so I bump into Sir Tim now and then, like at SXSW when he came to Austin. He is like Gandhi with ADD.
Great man. It would be very hard to find someone else better at being the richest man on Earth. Bill may not like me for going after Microsoft for its anti-competitive practices during the 1990s, but I meant no harm.
That nobody ever changes their mind.
Not anymore. How about snarky?
Thanks for making us so much money with Archivas.
I made a play to get a buck per Ethernet node, but had to settle for a penny per packet.
Trust governments to invade your privacy. We must use tools to keep our stuff a secret. Am not expert on this, but I do mail all my financial secrets to the IRS through the USPS every April 15th trusting that no USPS union member or IRS agent will peek. Oy.
Better to eat my words than someone else's. I make 10 predictions per day. My batting average is above .500. Y'all of course remember the big ones I got wrong.
Google Fiber is great news for everyone, especially as a spur to AT&T and Comcast and Time Warner et al. Competition! We are now gigafying the Internet -- build it and they (new apps) will come, so far anyway.
Got interested in communications because that's what ARPA was funding the year I started grad school in 1969.
What?! Porn on the Internet? Ethernet filters out porn.
Have long ago forgotten any color codes, sorry, except maybe ROY G BIV.
SDN is one of the next big things in the Gigafication of the Internet. Control is moving into the network, but I would not say it is being centralized.
Our early design of Ethernet assumed that security would be taken care of at higher levels of protocol. Ha!
Wish I had thought of that. As a professor of innovation, I like Google especially because of its "pivot" from fast search to auctioned targeted advertising. Google unseated Microsoft which unseated IBM. Who will unseat Google? Cannot wait to see how that plays out.
Mostly now I want to share the credit with the hundreds of people who have invented Ethernet over the last 40 years.
Yes, first time on Reddit. It's exhausting!
The layering of Internet protocols is its greatest invention. Layering has allowed me to live a rich full life at layers 1 and 2 while a bunch of other people got to play above me without permission. All that serendipity. Ethernet and TCP/IP were invented in 1973 in Palo Alto, where I am this second, and the World Wide Web was not invented until 1989 and the plumbing still worked. Whoa, dude!
Five careers, not counting 23 years as a student: engineer-scientist, entrepreneur-executive (when my company grew too big), publisher-pundit, venture capitalist, not professor of innovation. Favorite? All so different, they defy comparison. Just another 7.5 years to next career.
The Internet needs less anonymity, because the first step toward savagery is the mask.
Have heard from those still in the packet plumbing industry that the trend is back from Internet routing toward Ethernet switching. Have no dog in that hunt. Ethernet was first designed to be LAN packet plumbing for the Internet. Have been predicting for years that TCP/IP/Ethernet would be replaced by some version of lambda switching, but that has not happened and I'm not sure what that means anyway. The trend was away from multi-access for a while, with the reemergence of wiring hubs, but then along came WiFi and LTE.
Governments should leave the Internet alone.
Ethernet is going up, into, over, across, and down into new markets. Up toward terabit LAN. Into the WAN killing SONET. Over the airwaves as WiFi. Across the telechasm, between carrier WANs and customer LANs, as Carrier Ethernet. And won into embedded networking, as ZigBee (IEEE 802.15.4).
Everything uses Ethernet, so it's hard to pick one.
By far, more each year, who would have guessed? We were building our own tools, and they escaped to serve uses unimagined, say like YouTube.
Detecting, deflecting, capturing, and mining asteroids. Actually, anything that Elon Musk is doing.
No. Even though our beloved IEEE 802 standardized IBM Token Ring, having sold it myself, I can say it was never really open (had SNA dust all over it), and it was slow and expensive compared to IEEE 802.3 Ethernet. IBM never really got how to be an open standard during the LAN Wars.
The Internet intelligentsia from the 1970s are outraged at the newbies who have dared to use the Internet for purposes completely unintended, like advertising, like YouTube. Tough. I cannot wait to see the next big new applications enabled by the Gigabit Internet. Connectivity is good.
Innovations depend much on context, and so it helps to be at the right place at the right time, as Zuckerberg is. But then you have to be skilled enough and ambitious enough to act, as Zuckerberg has.
The terminal on my desk at Xerox Parc was communicating at 300bps the day before we installed an Alto PC and CSMA/CD Ethernet running at 2.94Mbps, which is about 10,000 times faster. We went that fast because we could, and because our new laser printer could consume 20Mbps.
Just leave data lying around, and it will get to the future automatically.
Arpanet (Internet 1.0) packet switching and Alohanet multi-access randomized retransmissions.
No, not impossible, just difficult. Security should not be implemented at the hardware level. Higher-level protocols should be relied upon, not cable insulation.
Ethernet vs Ethernot usually ends up Ethernet. The Network Effect (as quantified by Metcalfe's Law) plus all the Ethernet infrastructure that has accumulated over 40 years. Remember, RS232C circa 1962 is still out there.
Thick coax was our initial choice because it could be passively tapped.
Attending MIT trustee meetings is the most fun you can have standing up. Recent excitement was the debut of the MOOC edX, which is going to help the Internet disrupt education the way that iTunes disrupted music and Amazon disrupted books, or BOOCs as I call them.
Close your PC and pay attention to the professor. And do not get me started on ageism with this "younger generation" stuff. Anyway, we used to have a lot of electronics in our dorm rooms at college back in the 1960s, but those were stereo systems.
You are welcome.
I think the future of research will be at research universities supported by government agencies, especially NSF. Universities graduate students, who have proven the most effective innovation vehicles.
Yes, quite a bit. For example, 2.94Mbps on thick coax, to 10Mbps on twisted pairs, to 100Mbps, to 1Gbps, to 10Gbos, to 40Gbps, to 100Gbps, and next to 400Gbpos and finally? 1Tbps. Also, gone wireless to WiFi and onto fiber for long-haul. Quite a bit. Many other inventors involved.
Do not believe everything you read on the Internet.
Jury is still out on Reddit. And if it's Ethernet you're asking about, I feel happy, grateful, proud, and wary about what you are going to say next. The narwhal bacons at midnight.
You are welcome.
Private property is a great invention for innovation and economic growth. The Internet needs to deal with property properly.
UTAustin is already top 10, depending on how you count. Hook 'e, Horns!
Have not seen Dave Reed in years, but am a big fan of his law, which is even more of a gross exaggeration of the Network Effect than mine. Metcalfe's Law needs refinement, but let's do it with data this time.
For decades now, when a new networking technology proves out, they call it Ethernet, except for WiFi, which started life as "wireless phy Ethernet." The PARC CSMA/CD coaxial cable Ethernet has already had many successors.
Not had time to try it myself, but are you serious? Not possible would be my guess, not having tried it. Actually, I've know this for years, but have been keeping it a secret to make more money.
You lie. Nobody has IEEE 802.5 networks anymore, even IBM has given up on Token Ring. GodsBlood and MoreImportantThank Air were already taken, so we went with a name that communicated omnipresent passive medium for the propagation of electromagnetic waves, starting with thick coax, but today wireless and on fiber.
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Third in the trilogy of AMAs
The astronaut selected to take the first steps on Mars.
And thanks for getting Space Chronicles. It's here if anybody else is interested:
My parents. Married 60 years. Rational. Curious. Considerate. Sensible. Moral.
Didn't know Feb 29th was cake day.
Watching and listening to people in power who believe they know what they are talking about but do not.
You mean a type 1 Civilization, I presume? I'd give us another century. We already control rivers and coastlines. That's a start on our way to a thorough program of geo-engineering, where we tap the thermal energy of volcanoes and exploit the cyclonic energy of hurricanes, and extract the tensile energy of earthquakes.
In order: Stewart, Colbert, Maher, Fallon, Smiley, Maddow, Leno, O'Brien. Of those, Colbert is by far the hardest interview. Stewart is a distant second. And everyone else is a distant third.
Take them to a planetarium show.
Fully funded mission to multiple destinations in space. Which reminds me:
If you want to build a ship, don't drum up the men to gather wood, divide the work and give orders. Instead, teach them to yearn for the vast and endless sea..." - Antoine de Saint Exupery
Would have to be Ripster
Scripting is a bit delayed - about 6 months. if that affects everything else in the accordion, then it won't air before the fall of 2013, perhaps as late as early spring, 2014.
With "popularity" comes ever more responsibility and accountability. Sometimes I regret my lost freedom to just act stupid every now and then.
Gotta love leap seconds. Evidence that the rotation rate of Earth is slowing down. They're fun and intriguing, but pointless on that scale. We should just collect an hour's worth of them (every 500 years, or so) and just add the hour. It's simpler and puts less stress on programmers.
We've got one coming this June 30. I'll be tweeting about it. So stay tuned.
I am currently internless. What I currently do does not make good use of one.
Best decision I ever made? To be true to my lifelong interests even in the face of naysayers who are always there to tell you what you cannot or will not achieve.
Answers are a luxury enjoyed only every now and then. So early on, learn to love the questions themselves.
StarTrek. For the warp drives. And the story lines were often deep, and rich in social consciosness and accountability. I was also impressed that Captain Kirk could have sex with aliens.
That within one linear centimeter of your lower colon there lives and works more bacteria (about 100 billion) than all humans who have ever been born. Yet many people continue to assert that it is we who are in charge of the world.
Threaten to no re-elect them. That works every time.
Rush Holt. Representative from NJ. He's got a PhD in Physics. I have an interview in queue with him for StarTalk radio. Will likely air in march or April. In it we talk about all the Members of Congress who are scientifically literate -- and all those who are not.
Currently funded at its higher (over-run) cost, but that did not happen without casualties in the NASA budget for other projects. A bitter sweet victory for a telescope that was almost cancelled.
Without an new understanding of the fabric of the space-time continuum, enabling wormhole travel, the answer is **never**.
The problem, often not discovered until late in life, is that when you look for things like love, meaning, motivation, it implies they are sitting behind a tree or under a rock. The most successful people recognize, that in life they create their own love, they manufacture their own meaning, they generate their own motivation.
For me, I am driven by two main philosophies, know more today about the world than I knew yesterday. And along the way, lessen the suffering of others. You'd be surprised how far that gets you.
Hang out with others who are also aspiring scientists. That way the huge supply of interstitial time in your life is spent not on watching American Idol, but on geeking out on things like memorizing digits of Pi, or testing each other on obscure science trivia. The most successful people in life are those who recover all those lost hours per day and use them for enlightenment.
University of Maryland, College Park. A lecturer in the Department of Astronomy there. A non memorable moment for people of the Earth since it was visible primarily from the Southern Hemisphere.
Thanks for the compliment. I pay close attention to the body language of who I am communicating with. While I am speaking, are they bored? excited? indifferent? curious? If you don't take notice of all this then you are just lecturing. If and when you do, then you are empowered to discover the conduits of contact that can maximize the value and meaning of what you are saying to others.
Write letters to the editor and OpEds. The easiest way for broad audiences to learn about, and if well-argued, agree with your sentiments on any subject at all.
No, not generally. But I love expensive SciFi movies. Contact. Deep Impact, 2001: A space Odyssey. I prefer science fiction to science fantasy. Hence my preference of Star Trek over Star Wars and Lord of the Rings.
Yes. It's as though we have forgotten fundamental founding principles of the Nation. Every American should read the Constitution at least once per year. it will help us all to keep politicians honest.
No such post. Of all the cabinet slots in the US Government, science is not represented. It is, however, in other developed countries. The US has a President's "Science Advisor", though.
I am an educator, not a politician. So I think I am at my best when I compel people to demand science literacy from their elected officials. That would make a much stronger country than me holding one post or another.
Be just to one another, and never forget how to dream.
Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson. Back when I was in shape, I had the body fitness that he has. And we are about the same size. So perhaps it's a bit narcissistic. Also, I've always been enchanted by Jamie Lee Curtis.
I think they are a bit over-rated. It's certainly fun to do -- for all parties involved: Students, Teachers, Parents. But robotics is such a narrow slice of the totality of STEM that I worry other dimensions of learning might get sidestepped in the process.
"Dammit Artgum, I'm an astrophysicist, not an ornithologist."
I'm being called for dinner right now, and so I must end the session. Sorry that this time was only 1/3 the length of my first two, each of which were nearly 3 hours. This was a good set. Thanks for your persistent interest in my work and for your energy to spread the love of science literacy. Signing off. -Neil deGrasse Tyson, New York City
"I need my space" too!
By then (in 5 billion years) it'd surely be easier to just move to another star system than to solve that problem.
No. I am big supporter of reason as a way of life and of thought. But I do not join movements or attend rallys. Often they got bogged down in group-think. Something I assiduously avoid in life.
Strawberry, by far. But so much of it is bad out there. So when I need to play it safe, I order chocolate.
Nobody said you have to. Personally, about 1/4 of the time I eat dinner food for breakfast -- usually leftovers from a previous dinner. But that being said, I've served breakfast food for dinner.
A Brit, I presume. In america, when things get bloody, it's a bad thing.
If the temperature of the ice is above absolute zero, then never. But even if it's at absolute zero, it's still never. You can approach absolute zero "asymptotically" but never reach it because to reach it requires something colder than it to bring the temperature down to it.
Peter Moore - The longest held hostage in Iraq
In April of 2007 I accepted a three month posting in Iraq working for the American IT consulting firm BearingPoint.
I arrived in Baghdad on the 2nd of April 2007 where my main job was to develop spending reports from the computer system used within the Ministry of Finance.
On the 29th of May, 2007 around one hundred Iraqi police officers from the Ministry of Interior entered the building and took away myself and four British guards.
For six months I was moved around meeting up with the British guards. In December of 2007 I was separated from the other Britons and was held with two Americans. In June of 2007 I was transported back to Baghdad and this was the last time I had contact with any of the other hostages.
In May of 2009 the number two commander of the militia (Laith Al Khazlli) was released from US custody in exchange for the bodies of two of the British guards. In September over one hundred militia were released in exchange for the body of one of the guards.
On the 30th of December 2009, 946 days (or 2 years, 7 months & 1 day) after I was captured, I was released in exchange for the militia leader Qais Al Khazlli. The last of the hostages bodies were eventually handed over in early 2012.
Ask Me Anything
Well I was handed over to the British embassy in Baghdad, the very first thing I saw on tv was Lady Gaga - I did not know what this was about :-) It was very strange seeing myself on all the news channels
When they took the chains off, after two years, and to,d me I could walk around the room
My work ethic has changed completely. I used to be a workaholic, now I only work a few months each year and holiday the rest
No, my company went bankrupt in 2009, but my division got purchased, so I got my salary nothing additional
I got paid a total of US$270,000 from when I started (March 2007) to when I resigned (May 2010). I obviously paid tax on this as well
I try not to, sometimes the odd memory comes back against some of them, but if I ever met them again I would be civil to them
In the final year I had a tv and playstation so that helped. Once I was out of the blindfold I used to join dots on the wall pretending they were metro stations and I designed a new computer. I would also try to solve mathematical problems with shapes on the curtain and conduct job interviews with my pillow
Not sure - I think it was because I got very sick and then I was moved to a new location with new Iraqis
I got beaten - had broken ribs, cracked skull from being hit on the head, glass smashed on my leg. Was kept in chains for 2 years, handcuffed & blindfolded for a year. Mock executions - all good stuff
I was moved around every couple of months. One time they took me outside, knelt me down, put a gun to my head and pulls the trigger. At the same time they fired another gun off behind my back. I thought I was dead.
I just want to try and answer the questions as honestly as I can
I wasn't really sure what had happened. You stuff about seeing lights and corridors and all that stuff, so I was surprised when none of that happened.
I think it was when I realised I was still handcuffed behind my back, and then I heard laughing, so I was thinking "ok, get a grip, your not dead, just get with it". With that they just lead me back into the room
Not really sure, but if was to scare me it worked
Just thought it would be an interesting AMA - didn't think it would get this much interest though. I apologies for the time that it is taking for me to respond
It was strange, I was kept in a blacked out room so the sunlight was not a problem at that point. When I got released my eyes just watered all the time and I had major headaches
Most of my wounds healed I have a scare on my leg, a dent in my head and one of my back teeth was removed as it got broken when I was hit in the jaw with an ak47
I dont really know why they did - I think just to scare me - It worked!! What was anoying was that they did not belive that I worked in IT, they tried to make out I was some sort of Intelligence Officer at on point
They told me that they were killed either because they tried to escape or because they were being held in a house that the militia thought was being raided. One of my regrets is not pushing harder for the exact circumstances of each one, but at the time I remember thinking "that they are dead and there is nothing I can do to change that, I just need to concentrate on myself now"
I did try to learn Arabic and I did learn some localised slang, that way I was able to work out which area of Iraq the various captors came from
Sure, I live in an Iraq house during those war times, so it was interesting to see how people lived without electricity or running water. Also learnt some of the language and learnt about Islam.
I think that it is a good religion if you are a man. We talk about the difference between islam and catholic (another whole story). It seems that if you do not follow the rules of Islam then the implications are very extreme, where as in Christianity you can take it or leave it. To be honest it seemed a bit cult like to me.
I played some FIFA football game and couple of shooting games. I used to watch tv with the Iraqis and we spent a lot of time watching ncis, csi and prison break (which annoyed me).
Going into my job I really believed I would make some difference. I have worked in IT for years and I specialise in developing countries.
The guards fell I to three groups:
1. Down right evil, would hit us.
2. Ones that just did their job - didn't talk, but just gave the food etc
3. Ones that actively wanted to improve their English or know more about us
It had Arabic subtitles
I don't think so
30th of December 2009. The leader of the militia was handed over to the Iraqi army and they held him until I was handed over to the British embassy
They believed that what they were doing was right. I understood their cause but I did not agree with it
For some reason garlic bread was what I wanted most
Yes there was another British Bearingpoint employee there and apparently he was hidden by his Iraqi coworkers. I don't know about the car bit as I was inside the ministry along with two of the guards
When I was first taken I told them I had a wife, so I spent my time building on this imaginary wife. I based the person on an ex girlfriend
Yes, she is actually in Guyana (south America) which is were I was working before Iraq
Ok. No problem about it
I was trying to demonstrate that I had family values. The four guards all said they were married so I did not want to be first in the head slicing line
Yes, very much. Fortunately my mum taught me yoga as a kid so I was able to use some of that
It helped me relax and I think that stopped me from trying to fight the Iraqis. I guess it gave me some sort of focus.
I was checked out by a military psych when I got out and I was given the all clear, but I have my moments. I usually only get flashbacks a couple of times a day now, whereas it used to two or three times a minute
I thought that it would all be over within six months - dead or alive. In 2009 when I was told everyone else was dead, I thought they would kill me also
Opportunity was there in Mid 2009. I was going to use the chain. I thought it was very fitting to hang myself using the chain that they had kept me in for two years. The only reason I did not go through with it is because I would not be able to see the reaction of the Iraqis as they walked in and saw me hanging there.
Yes, I had to say it on video a number of time. I had to say that the coalition was bad band that the militia was good etc
They just pointed a gun at me and told me to speak into the camera - felt it wasn't worth arguing to much
In 2009, after I knew the others were dead, I was taken out of the chains that I had been kept in for two years. I thought it would be fitting to hang myself using the chain. The best bit was after the first year then they took the handcuffs off and allowed me to stand up
For nearly a year I was handcuffed, chained & blindfolded so I couldn't move much. I got very sick and lost all of my muscles, when they took the handcuffs off my back and shoulders hurt for months
Stockholm syndrome - this was something I did not suffer from.
I do t have strong feelings about them. They were against the military occupation, which annoyed me as I wasn't military
Whats done is done - I cant turn the clock back. I knew that I was going to Iraq, I knew the risks. I never thought I would be held so long or for political purposes. If I ever met them again I would just talk to them, but the meeting would have to take place on netural ground.
We used to joke about things and play board games. We also watched the tennis on Al Jazeera sport
Sometimes did win and they were ok, I just did not want to upset them by winning all the time and thus making them look stupid - did not think this would be beneficial to my health
No, by now I had been moved back to Baghdad and these were from the Northern Faction (their discription). They were much easier to deal with
Thanks, me to
I am actually short sighted (always have been) so I wear glasses. My foot and back still have muscle problems. I do see a doc every couple of months or so
Try to get your captors to treat you as a human and try to show then you have some boundaries. Try to get things from them to see how far they will go out of their way. I asked for certain foods and certain types of toothpaste
I would be interesting in meeting the group - which is now a political party within the Iraqi government. Not sure i would go to iraq to meet them though, I feel more likely I would meet them at a UN meeting in New York or somewhere similar. For some reason it was policy of the British government to get the oldies out first - they never explained to me why this was policy
I think the theory is that once dead bodies are released then the live ones are released very quickly (like the next day), but it my case it dragged on for years. The last body was released in early 2012
Oops sorry typo, yes I meant bodies. Ipad is not a good device for typing on
Its ok - I am using a Samsung laptop now
My opinion was that it was wrong, a live hostage can become dead, but dead hostage cannot become alive (if that makes sense)
No compensation - I just got my salary. Bearingpoint (the company i worked for) actually went bankrupt in 2009, but my division was bought out so that company carried on paying my salary. The first people I met were my step-parents in a government house back in the uk
Correct - they kept paying me while I was a hostage. Interestingly I also got pay rises and promotions
I think, with hindsight, we should have not stayed as long as I did with the ministry of finance
I am actually in Fort Collins, Wyoming. I am riding a motorcycle around every state in america and I got stuck in the snow. Should be able to cross into Kansas tomorrow
It wasn't published very much and I haven't done much PR about it, but google "Peter Moore Hostage" and you will fine loads of articles. Also if you search Peter Moore in the reddit search box articles come up
I manage to keep track of days pretty well. I worked the week Tuesday to Tuesday as that was the day we were abducted. In late 2008 onwards I had a tv so it was easy to keep track of time with that
The only interesting birthday was in 2009 when they got me a birthday cake
Seriously - in 2009 they got me a cake with a candle on it
I was a bit surprised by it to be honest
Just the one
In 2009 there was this Major (that is how he described himself to me) and he really worked with me to get my fitness levels up. I was allowed to jog 1500 widths of the room everyday. Before he arrived I was always chained to a grill in the wall and could not move more than a meter
For two years the news channels were removed from the satellite box, but I still not news items from watching TMZ and Oprah. After June 2009 I would watch arabic news with the Iraqis.
No I just think they were in a conflict. What is interesting is that this militia were actually enemies of sadam Husain
I tried to, but they never believed I was an IT guy
I read it - thanks
On the face of it, we were taken to do an exchange for the militia leaders, but my work would have shown misspending within the Iraqi government and there are theories we were taken because of that. We did have a plan for escape, but never had chance to implement it.
Ok, so one of the plans was that when one of the British guards went to the toilet they were going to lock myself and the two Iraqis in the room. Doors to rooms in Iraq all have locks on them and they always left the key in the lock. The British guard would then go and get the gun from the room next door, come back and shoot the Iraqis.
That was one of the concerns we had, sort of out of the frying pan I to the fire
Just to think about the implications of your actions. I knew my parents would be upset about it, but I had friends of friends who were crying when they met me
Can't remember, but it was nothing special. It was in the canteen of the British embassy
I thought I was going to die everyday, but once I knew the guards had been killed I really thought that I would never get out
It was after the number 2 commander got released, he came to see me in June 2009 and I pointed out that America did not keep him the same as me. He agreed and conditions improved
America kept him in much better conditions and we discussed in length the benefits of being held in a USA prisoner. The food was better, people knew his location and he was able to telephone home once a week. Not to mention that he could walk around and talk to other people
No. It was not a good trade. I would not have done it if I was in charge. I would not have exchanged myself for the militia leader either.
In my case this deal was negotiated by MI6
Not sure i did, but I used to have conversations with my pillow and designed metro systems on the wall
Honda st 1300 (2007)
Lol....ALLLLL the time.
For some reason I wanted loads of garlic bread, but I missed riding my motorcycle the most & not being able to go to the toilet when I wanted
Thanks. I think it took some time before people realised which militia had taken us
Just google "Peter Moore Hostage" and you will see loads of articles. Here is a link fom one of th British newspapers:
Er... What proof do you want?
Ok, think this will work, sorry about using a pizza box. http://imgur.com/RobQG
I was following Nottingham Forrest - I am from Lincoln and we are a very long way from the premier league
I am - I am actually in Wyoming
I think if you are male Islam is a good religion, it's not for me, the implications of not following Islamic rules are very harsh. It felt more like a cult to me
It's ok. You know the militia thought they were doing the right thing.
I have heard about it, and I saw a 30 second clip where he shoots a dear. It made me feel sick so I have never watched it again
I was able to talk to some of them. They did sympathise with me, but they sympathised with their leaders more
No. I had hostage insurance but the militia did not want money.
I thought at first we were under arrest, it was the Iraqi police that took us. It was only as we were driving along that they started pulling our clothes off and then throwing them out of the window. It was at that point that I thought this was an abduction
It was a market place in Sadr City. We were all stood in a line in our underpants before being bundled into the back of a van
I was on my own after the first year, but I used to talk to the guards. I am not sure i did stay sane, but I designed a metro system and used to talk to my pillow about buying a motorcycle and prospective jobs
They were good enough. English is taught in school across the middle east and some of them had been educated in the USA and UK
Its funny, when I had to move to another location they threw it away (it wasn't in good condition) and I was upset over that.
I was surprised by how much people knew. I wasn't sure that anyone even knew i was a hostage
The very first thing was a medical check, then they did a hot debrief which is we're they try to get location information. I thought that maybe one of the Americans I was held with was still alive, but it turned out not to be so
Perhaps I will do that :)
All the time
Happens all the time, but look at this recent news article:
You see the guy on the far right, in the tshirt, holding the rocket launcher thing - he was one of my captors in 2009
After a few months, it was routine and I just almost treated it like I would a job. I think after the first 6 months & special forces had not rescued us I just accepted the situation. I found the time with the other British guards was harder as they did not deal with the situation very well. Things got better for me once I was n my own. Every time I was moved I was always thinking if this was the point that they were going to execute me. I understand what the militia did, but I did not agree with them as they were against the military occupation and we were not military. I did consider killing myself and I would have done it if I could have seen the reaction of the Iraqis looking at me hanging there. I think the benefit of being in a raft is that there are things that you can choose to do to help your situation
Not really. What is bad is that they are serving police officers and I would like to get them identified so that they can loose their job
No money, but I did get medical treatment and they flew me back to the UK
Yes, I did, I sometime picked the skin from the bottoms of my feet to let people know I was held there.
I will be on the east in early November. I will be going to Albany.
I did not agree with them keeping me hostage, but USA/UK had done exactly the same to the iraqis. They had captured iraqis and put them in prision without trial, not knowing hen they were going to be released
I like it - you have to have a bit of humour in these situations
Not really sure. They told me that if I did not try to escape then they would not kill me. I didn't try to escape
My primary aim was to survive the day. In my mind every day I was held was one day nearer to the release date. I did talk to my kidnappers, more so in 2008/9. I have apprehension about travelling to the Middle East, but not towards Islam
I think that the British government always thought I was alive.
Ok, here are my answers:
1. I got to sleep at night and food was provided. For the first year I was mainly blindfolded, handcuffed and chained to a grill in the wall. Once the blindfold and handcuffs were taken off things got better.
2. They drove me to a militia house and handed me over to an Iraqi minister who then drove me to the British embassy
3. The uk was int its coldest winter in 20 years, so I went back to Guyana so I am not sure that I really did reintegrate
4. They always knew I was alive
5. I think after May 2009 once I had been told that everyone else was dead
6. I don't want to say never ever, but it is unlikely
7. PG Tips
Most of the clothing was track suit based
I tried to keep my mosquito kill rate above five, this is difficult when you are handcuffed. I also used to see how big a ball I could make by using fluff from my clothes
What’s up Reddit? I'm here for the next two hours to talk with you guys about whatever you want – so bring it on bitches!
I'm also helping to raise money for an amazing organization called Kind Campaign, started by my wife, Lauren (long before we started dating), that brings awareness and healing to the negative and lasting effects of bullying.
You guys were incredible in supporting NCMEC with Bryan and I had a great time hanging on the RV with Dan, the Redditor who won, so I thought I’d also offer an experience through Omaze to thank you for your support. We’ll watch the finale together, cook in an RV together, roll up in Hazmat suits together, and a lot more - we got to make sure Jesse one-ups Heisenberg!
Here’s the info: http://omaze.com/breakingbad
ALL IMPORTANT PROOF:
Oh also, thanks to r/breakingbad for the sweet fan art to commemorate this occasion:
I have so many favorites, but the first thing that comes to mind right now is the infamous dinner scene with Mr. and Mrs. White. I think the glass of water became Jesse's security blanket it in a way and I love that about that scene. But there's been so many fun scenes to shoot. So anytime I as Jesse Pinkman can release my pent up anger told Walt is always a good time. So the time that Jesse shows up to Walt's house and thinks that he found on that he poisoned Brock, and he puts a gun to his head. That was a lot of fun.
Oh wow, the list is really endless to be honest. Bryan Cranston squirted me with a dildo-sbhaped squirt gun in a scene before and that made in laugh a lot.
Absolutely. And Hal was my favorite character on the show. So when I was auditioning for BB, I knew they were getting the goofy dad from Malcom in the Middle to play Walter White, which confused me. But I was also very excited at the chance to work with Bryan.
"Roll me further, bitch!"
Ha! Let's be honest, anyone that follows Obama or me on Twitter knows that Obama is a huge Breaking Bad fan and he doesn't mind saying the word "bitch" over Twitter, which is very exciting to me and the entire American public.
I gotta be honest. I never wanted Breaking Bad to end, simply because I'm a huge fan of the show and I didn't want to be unemployed. But after reading the final 8 episodes and understanding where the writers are going with it. I'm so happy they ended it the way they did and I think all of you will be happy as well. It's a dark, crazy ride to the final episode but it is a fun one. Yeah, bitch.
Absolutely not! I'd kill us all and blow us all up.
hey bitch. anything other than breaking bad...I would say Its Always Sunny in Philadelphia, or Game of Thrones, or House of Cards. They are so badass and addicting.
Thank you so much. Yes, I get called "bitch" on a daily basis and yes I do think I'll get called "bitch" on a daily basis for years to come. But to be honest, I don't really mind because I like being called "bitch."
HA! I love you for asking that. They tried to kick me out because I was standing up and dancing and at the O2 Arena if you're in the stands you have to be seated. The very next day I went to the concert and convinced everyone in my row and the row in front of us to stand and dance during a song and it created a wave like affect. Everyone was dancing and they couldn't stop us all. So fuck you O2 Arena!
He's a really smart kid, he actually wrote the finale. In seriousness, I don't think he really understands what's going on. But I love that kid. He's great. And when I was six all I could think about was ding-dongs and yo-yos so even though he's smarter than me, I doubt he gets the complexity of the show.
Hahahaha! Honestly, I have no idea. The funny thing is that I was actually really enjoying my time but these pictures say the opposite. But maybe I was a bit confused by everything that was going on in front of me.
Wait, Breaking Bad spin-off?! WHAT?!
Ummm...I would like to say I'm a pretty good bowler, but I think Bryan might be the best of all of us. He's really good with balls. He's a professional with balls. All sorts of balls. Well done Cranston, congratulations bitch!
The Lumineers, if you don't know the band, go and get their music on iTunes because it's brilliant. Alt-J, they've blown my mind lately and actually said they'd play a concert in my living room. And anything Thom Yorke is amazing.
That's a really good question. I actually have found myself while shooting Breaking Bad, thinking as Jesse. While playing this character I have tried to really get inside his head. And as any Breaking Bad fan knows, it can be difficult to live and breathe as Jesse. But I have enjoyed living and growing through his struggles. And all I want to do is protect him. Did I answer that correctly?
Wow that's so nice of you to say. What's your number? Let me call you and thank you personally.
Also please send it in a private message!
I couldn't agree with you more. But I don't know if you've had the opportunity to see this brilliant animation of that episode but watch below, it's incredible. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3M6yoeOglNw
I actually knew the guys from Korn and they were trying to find this kid to play this character for some time. And finally one of my buddies who worked with Korn asked if I'd be willing to do it. I was a huge fan of the Hughes Brothers who directed the video and I said yes. In regards to being a fan of Korn, they're really a hit or miss with me to be honest.
First of all, good for you for stopping. Secondly, yes I spent a lot of time with former addicts and people that were using at that moment. I wanted to try and bring as much honesty to this character as I could and I saw a darker side to people that I've never witnessed before. Meth is a terrible drug, as you know, and has the ability to grab a hold of you tightly. So seriously, good for you.
It was very hard for me to leave Idaho but I honestly had no choice. I was running to something that I was madly in love with. Do I miss Idaho, absolutely - on a daily basis. I'm the only one from my giant family to leave home. And I would love to see the picture of that potato. I like potatoes. Potatoes are good. And most importantly, you're girlfriend is definitely a respectable young woman, and the farthest thing from a bitch.
Well the Cartel Twins because they have two people. And they have accents. And they're crazy.
My career would be over. And I would be a sobbing mess watching week to week on Breaking Bad.
Wow. Just going to set and working off him every single day was a constant learning experience. I wouldn't be the actor I am today without him. I've learned that its ok to be professional and very immature at the same time because that describes Bryan perfectly.
We both love kids. We have a huge soft spot for the young ones and we don't want them to be raised by meth heads... We want to protect them.
I agree with you on that moment. That was really a moment where yet another layer was revealed to the audience. The deeper side of Jesse Pinkman. But to me what really changed was when I read the episode of "Peekabo" in Season 2 where Jesse encounters the little boy in the meth house. That episode showed the true heart of the character.
Well bitch, let me see. I honestly think the hardest scene for me to do was when Jesse woke up and found Jane lying next to him dead. Looking at Jane through Jesse's eyes that day was very hard and emotional for all of us. When that day was over, I couldn't be happier that it was over because I really, truly felt I was living those tortured moments with Jesse. So yeah bitch, that's the one.
Oh my god! I have no idea. That's the first time I noticed that. But bravo bitch for pointing out the butt plugs. I'm sure that was a joke from our brilliant set decorators. But happy to know that butt plugs were full effect on Breaking Bad.
Yeah Raymond Cruz who played Tuco gave me a concussion during the episode Grilled where Tuco takes Walt and Jesse to his shack in the middle of nowhere where we meet the famous Uncle Tio. Tuco takes Jesse and he throws him through the screen door outside, and if you watch it back you'll notice that my head gets caught inside the wooden screen door and it flips me around and lands me on my stomach and the door splinters into a million pieces. Raymond just thought I was acting so he continued and kicked me in the side and picked me up over his shoulder and threw me against the house, but in reality I was pretty much unconscious the other time. I kept pleading to him saying "stop". The next thing I know I guess I blacked out and I woke up to a flashlight in our eyes and it was our medic. And then I hopped up acting like nothing wrong, but it appeared like I was drunk, and I kept saying "let's finish the scene" but then my eye started swelling shut so they took me to the hospital. Just another fun day on the set of Breaking Bad!
Awful. It was terrible. I went straight from set to the airport where a small little chartered plane was waiting for me, to take me to another job. I landed around 1 in the morning and I stood outside in the pouring rain for two hours, waiting for someone to pick me up, thinking about how the show was over. It was definitely kind of comedic but it definitely fit the mood I was in. It was good that I was able to jump into another job right away so I didn't have to completely mourn 24/7.
Haha. I'm sorry buddy. I have no idea. I guess you can just give her my number? And tell her I said hi.
Thank you bitch. I will send my wife your love. Favorite vacation spot is anything music festival related. Me and Lauren are addicted to musical festivals. We met at Coachella. We fell in love at Coachella. We had our first kiss on a ferris wheel at Coachella. So anything that reminds us of that we're very excited to do.
Good morning bitch! And good luck bitch! Thank you for the kind words. I love you, bitch. When you have time, come over and let's make cookies together.
Wow, well I'm flattered. I'm happy you like me. It feels pretty good, bitch.
...um I don't know. I just want to continue to do stuff I'm excited about. It's so hard after being spoiled by the Breaking Bad scripts to read anything else. But whoever will have me really. So do any of you have a job for me?
Hahahaha! Yo bitch! Well, I have to be honest, it was an honor to get called and win a desk on The Price is Right. But... you might call me crazy... being a part of Breaking Bad kind of slaughters my appearance on Price Is Right. But good question bitch.
Hm, yeah. That's just how my face grows hair. It doesn't grow hair longer than that. I can't explain it and it's a mystery to us all but thank you for noticing.
Hey buddy, thanks again for the art. And yes I do have one of the many that you sent to me framed and downstairs in my office. And I shared the others you sent with my family. And they send their thanks as well.
Thank you so much! The only training I have is really trial and error. I never went to any sort of class. When I came out to LA I was 17 years old and I sat in on two different classes. What I saw during those classes was them doing these strange acting exercises which I didn't understand. I always just thought "hey, pretend like you're being someone else and that's all there is to it." I wasn't a fan of those classes so if I go into an audition and fail miserably, I just think to myself "well, let's not do that again" and "do better." So that's really it. I just force myself to truly believe that I am living the situation through the character.
Hahaha! Hey buddy, good to hear from you. And no worries, we do not hold that against you for not helping us out. It was really nice to meet you and you were a great guy but to be honest after you failed in helping us, we just gave up on our search entirely. Miss you bitch!
Right now I'm reliving the Wonder Years from the beginning with my wife and it's so much better in this day and age. It absolutely lives up to what it was back then. So if you haven't seen it, get on Netflix and watch it now... bitch.
Edit: Also there's my girlfriend on American Horror Story... Jessica Lange and I make eyes through the screen.
That's an amazing question and very personal to me. My wife speaks at schools throughout the year constantly, speaking to the bullies and the kids who have been bullied, about spreading kindness. The thing that people don't realize is that a lot of the time bullies are the ones that are hurting the most. And during every assembly that my wife does, every single time, the bully at the school will stand up in front of their peers and apologize to everyone. It's an incredible thing to witness. Bullies need love too and that's why their bullies. Go to kindcampaign.com to find out more information.
I think Mike is more like a father to Jesse because Mike actually cares for Jesse and Walt couldn't be more fake. My relationship with Scott is great. We met before we started shooting Need for Speed and we were really excited to work together. He's one of the funniest guys I've met in my life. I love the man. The reason Jesse wore the Aoki shirt in the episode because Aoki is a good friend of mine and he came out to ABQ to play a show and then came out to be an extra on the scene. We put him in the way back so no one would recognize him. And then he took the entire cast and crew out to a show, so I asked him if I could wear a show to thank him for his generosity to the BB family.
Hey love, it's between R2D2 and Chewbacca. Leaning towards Chewbacca... just because I think it would be fun to be that furry and soft.
Will do bitch! Wish you were here with us. We're now all hugging, eating Sriracha together, thinking about you.
Greatest guys on the planet. Love them both. I'm such a huge fan of Mythbusters and it was an absolute honor to be involved with those guys. Vince looked like a giddy little school boy the entire time. It was fun living that with him. And Vince likes the word bitch as much as everyone else.
Well we already talked about the dildo. Another funny fact about Bryan Cranston - we all know that from Malcolm in the Middle to Breaking Bad, his characters tended to wear tidy whities, but what you don't know is that any close-up shot of Bryan on Breaking Bad where you didn't see the lower half of his body, his pants were always off. His pant were always off. True story, I'm not even joking. His pants are always off.
Wow, thank you so much. I love you and I don't even know you. I want to see them tackle a lot of things. I used to want Jesse to find out why Jane really died and that Walt was there. But now I'm not really sure if it would do any sort of benefit for Jesse; I think it would make him even more sad. I also want Walt to get what's coming to him, but to be honest... I don't know if that's going to happen. I mean I do know but it may or may not.
Taco. Come on. There's so much going on with the taco. I love grilled cheese, but I love tacos so much more. I'm now dipping a taco in my bowl of sriracha.
I just watched it. Oh my god, that was awesome. Funny enough that was the direction they were thinking of heading, but they decided against it...sadly.
I'm glad that up. The final episode ever will be played at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery on Sept. 29 and the tickets will go on sale the day after Labor Day and all of the proceeds will go to benefit Kind Campaign. There will be a Q&A following the finale with myself and a few of the cast members.
But you can go to [omaze.com/breakingbad](http://www.omaze.com/experiences/aaron-paul-breaking-bad-finale) now and enter for the chance to hang with me and the cast at the finale. Every entry supports Kind Campaign.
That's a really good question and I actually get that asked of me a lot. Yes, he smells incredible always.
Also, you're a bitch.
Edit: To be honest, he smells like a freshly bathed unicorn on a summer day in Barcelona.
Eh, well I definitely wouldn't have gotten the role of Jesse Pinkman on Breaking Bad, that's for sure. I don't know. The funny thing about that is a lot of people thought I auditioned for Francis but in reality they never would see me. I read the pilot of Malcolm in the Middle because it was sent to me and I desperately wanted to audition but they kept passing me.
Batman. The Adam West version. But to be honest, I always wanted Q-Bert to be a superhero, because Q-Bert was always a superhero in my eyes. http://vectorlib.free.fr/QBert/
You can donate through [Omaze](http://www.omaze.com/experiences/aaron-paul-breaking-bad-finale) to Kind Campaign and you might even get the chance to fly to LA to watch the finale with me and my cohorts. I'll even pick you up at the airport.
FINALLY. I am so glad someone asked me! Zesty Italian.
Haha. This video always cracks me up. Thanks for sharing it! When I read BB it was the greatest script I had ever read - of any TV show or movie - so I instantly wanted to fight for it. So when I found out I got the show, I honestly shit my pants a little bit. But I also didn't think it would ever get picked up. I thought it would be a fun pilot to shoot, but that was it. But when we all saw the pilot for the first time, we knew we'd be in for a crazy ride.
Sriracha of course. Everything with sriracha is good. My god I love so you so much sriracha. I'm actually drinking a bowl of sriracha right now.
Yeah, let's use that!
Oh man, I don't know. Jesse would probably go for a really intense name or maybe just a quote like "Yeah, bitch."
Thank you so much for the kind words! It's all about giving back whenever you can, that's what I believe. We should all support anyone who is going their own emotional torment. Life is tough on all of us and the best way to get through all of that is to be there for one another.
Hey bitch! I miss you and ABQ deeply. I loved my experience in New Mexico and I plan on coming back to visit often. I am happily a homeowner in ABQ and I plan on sneaking on to the Breaking Bad bus tour shortly so keep an eye out. Bitch.
The tattoo lasts about 2-3 days but first appliance actually only takes about 10 minutes. It's just a transfer so they don't have to draw it. It's like a really nice version of that tattoos you'd get in a Cracker Jack box.
I'm always freaked out when random people show up at my house.
Oh wow. I've always wanted to go to Austin City Limits. Sadly, I've never been to Austin but I hear nothing but incredible things. So hopefully next time I will be there...dancing like an idiot.
Yes. If they'll have me. Annie, would be pretty bad ass, but I'm not sure if anyone would buy me as 8-year old gingerhead. In seriousness, if they ever decided to do the play "The Pillowman" again I would be honored.
Easy! I would love to fight tow Holly-sized Salamanca cousins because I think anything Holly-sized is adorable and fun.
Wow... um. Well that's the first I've ever heard of that. He sounds a little more "breathy" than Jesse Pinkman. That 100% was not me but I applaud the guy for trying.
Fake Plastic Trees.
Benjaman Kyle, An Amnesiac
I woke up beaten with no memories outside of a burger king in 2004. Any identification was stolen as well. The Amnesia was presumed to have been caused by an injury that knocked me unconscious. The United States government still doesn't have a clue as to who I was. My internet connection is spotty, so I'll be on as long as I can. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjaman_Kyle
Here is proof:
And here is more (a copy of the only ID card I have with the address covered). http://imgur.com/YjiBv
There's a short documentary that explains my predicament on
www.findingbenjaman.com, or https://vimeo.com/34589969
After the documentary, I got a special state ID, and a job in a kitchen, where i still am to this day.
Please sign the petition to get me a new social security number.
I guess I would say I'm generally happy but I get depressed sometimes.
A little bit of both, I'd have to merge both lives.
Yes all the time.
I'm not sure I had to re learn anything. It seems like whenever i need to do something, if i've done it before, I remember. When I got in a car I knew how to drive a car.
I had a dream where I repaired a restaurant stove. And remembered how to do it.
leave it to beaver, ozzy and harriet, bonanza, star trek the original
I never saw any of the series with the bald guy until recently
Oh long term, I'm planning on dying. Hell, I'm 64. I plan on working until im dying. There will be no retirement or credit.
I was born ten years before Michael Jackson. I remember that distinctly.
I do forget a lot.
I'd like to go back and just walk around, other than just looking around on the internet. Dr Phil talked about doing it, but they never did
They are a defunct chain. Out of business-I think that proves I was right about their service.
Everyone is a time traveler. They're born, they live, and they die.
I don't know how nobody has stepped forward and identified me. I suspect the media has overrated themselves in how they think they reach all the people in the united states.
Working in restaurants, and repairing restaurant equipment.
I have a library card now, and a state ID card. I like science fiction.
I've read both of those, don't remember much about them, but I think I've read just about everything Ray Bradbury ever wrote.
Someone asked me the presidents, and I got all of the 20th century ones right. That was one of the tests from the doctors
1) I'm in jacksonville. I woke up in richmond hill, Georgia.
3) that's been checked
the witness protection program has been checked
One of the initial reports said that my lab results were surprisingly normal, indicating that I was in good health considering that I was just a homeless bum. No characteristics of past addictions.
Yes but I understand they could not find a complete set from all the high schools.
Three or four people, after long conversations, they decided they were misled.I couldn't remember them either
An investigation wasn't opened until three years later, 2007
No, I would like to. That's I'd like to go to indianapolis or denver
Dr King, the neurologist hired with the dr phil show, came to the conclusion that it was a disassociative fugue
I think the government is worried that if they make an exception in my case, there will be a lot of people who come forward and try to take advantage of it
up until very recently, i wouldn't have been able to go, because I would need to be driven. To fly you need an ID
I think if anything's found out now, it'll be a stroke of luck.
I have a friend who has taken me by the hand and is showing me how Reddit works. I find that it is interesting but probably would not have done it without his urging.
Oh sure. I've actually been reading some of the science fiction books I know I've read so that I can remember where I read them at.
Cat. But I like dogs too.
I don't seem to have a great sense of smell, but every once in a while, going in the bakery something will hit me. But it doesn't bring back memories, no. But when I do smell something great, it's an awesome thing, because I don't too often smell stuff.
For memories: http://www.findingbenjaman.com/updates/
2. I have a job working in a kitchen, but with no SSN its cash only and off the books
Yes, but nothing positive has come up.
The focus has been hit and miss
of course, all I am now has got to be based on where I was in the past. I hate talking on telephones. I think that's because when I grew up they were a luxury, and kids weren't allowed to use them. Maybe I was punished for using one.
You must be a carpenter- you hit that nail squarely on the head.
No, I was just in a daze.
Thats interesting-there is a huge amish population in Indiana
A police officer in Georgia once suggested, in jest, that since they cannot find me in the records, that I was never a criminal or that I was just so good at it I never was caught.
I don't know, I just did when I woke up. I think that's the first thing they asked me
No, I remembered it spelled as Benjaman.
And there are other people with that spelling.
I don't know. Puzzled I guess. Mostly I stay so busy that I don't think about it. Because I still have to get on with living.
Where are you located?
considered it promised
Taking hardcore drugs and becoming an addict scares the hell out of me. Because the drugs would be controlling your life. And I would read.
Taking hardcore drugs and becoming an addict scares the hell out of me. Because the drugs would be controlling your life. And I would read.
I don't play the what if games. They can drive you crazy.
One horse sized duck.
But if I had a horse sized duck I'd sell it.
What is a Meme?
I think that it would be a very confusing time.
You know, at 64, they may be dead.
Yes. Maybe not completely happy, but it would get me out of the limbo I'm in now.
talk to your american friends. what if you sent a letter to the us embassy in the country they live in?
I don't know the answer to that.
You are making me turn red.
If there were warrants out for my arrest, they would have found out through fingerprints.
You know what, there probably would be something I don't like because everyone's done something they don't like. At least if you're old enough. But no, but I'm not a criminal type
I thought Salvia was sugar substitute.
No, I'm an American and I'm staying an American.
No, I think that there are a lot of people in my age group who don't have anything to do with the internet or computers.
Yes. Description now includes it.
Yeah, one major one, the dream about how to repair a restaurant stove. and then I put it to good use the next day. And that's the first time I've had a dream that seems to be relevant to anything.
My identifying characteristics have been entered into the National Crime Information System so if somebody missing is listed with a scar such as I have the Georgia Bureau of Investigation will get a notice.
curious What is TIL?
People trust cats more than they do their fellow humans. I think that says a lot about the human race!
If someome came forward, and said they recognized me, and i didnt reemeber them, I would really wonder if it would actually be a memory
The documentary producer took me by the hand and taught me how Reddit works. I would never have done it on my own. I am not a Luddite, but I do have to be force fed technology sometime.LOL
we tried they weren't interested
I don't think I've ever received anything like a clue
Hey Guys! I want to thank you for all of your questions and appreciated each and every one of you! Gotta go to work now! Got more great stuff coming! Love you and I'll see you on my next AMA!!!!
Adam Sandler is the BOMB. Originally, the character Cheeseburger Eddie was supposed to be fat. He saw WHITE CHICKS. He got my number from my agent and called my house. Everytime I've worked with him he'll call my house and ask. It's nuts. I'm like "You had me at hello".
I was Cheeseburger Eddie from that moment on.
Embrace failure. Never never quit. Get very comfortable with that uneasy feeling of going against the grain and trying something new. It will constantly take you place you never thought you could go. This has been my mantra for years. I always remember I won't do things right on the first try. So failure is mandatory for success!
My Great great-grandfathers slave-master.
I constantly get out of my comfort zone. Looking cool is the easiest way to mediocrity. The coolest guy in my high school ended up working at a car wash. Once you push yourself into something new, and whole new world of opportunities opens up. But you might get hurt. In fact you WILL get hurt. But amazingly when you heal-- you are somewhere youve never been.
Everything was right for me at that certain time in my life. The NFL gave me the body I have now. Without the persistance I learned in the league, I would have never made it in Hollywood. For me all of it led to my ideal future.
I used to breakdance back in high school. I had no girlfriend, so I would spent hours in my room dancing by myself. The robot was the BEST because it was like an illusion. An you didn't need a partner. Lonely nights make the best robots.
I auditioned. Read with Aaron for the part. Unlike most actors- I LOVE too audition. because if they hire you, it means they wanted you. Everybody wants to be wanted. Aaron works so hard on every detail of the show and his words bring out the best in actors. I can hardly believe how good this opportunity is. and I ain't blowing it.
Don't do maxes any more, but I've ended my sets lately on 420 three times.
Wow. It's definitely different. I remember shaking every hand and taking every picture, then seeing my wife and kids sad because I was out with them, but spent no time with them. I had to set boundaries. I love being famous and all the fans, but my wife and kids need Terry the husband, Terry the Dad. Terry the Star has no place at home.
It's amazing that my face lights up every time you watch!
2 hours on lift days
That is one of my favorite experiences. I remember auditioning again and again and I brought 100 percent everytime. Casting agents where always telling me I was too "big" in terms of my technique. Here, it finally working in my favor. I was OVER THE TOP. It was heaven. Kinda like being in a zone. A fun, crazy futuristic idiotic zone. And I got the part.
NEver used them. I empathize with those who want to be strong but there are no shortcuts. People take steroids because they BELIEVE they have no other way. Steroids are about comparing yourself to other people-- but if you just become the best YOU, you'll find you never needed them.
It's funny. What others think is a hindrance to Hollywood has ALWAYS become someone's calling card. Barbara Streisand nose, Sly's Slur, Arnold's accent -- it's all about how you see yourself. I know there is only one ME. If you hire me- you GET ME. And there's only one. There will never be another.
Wow! that's hard. The first Odor blocker with the talking abs and the fake ending CHANGED THE GAME. But the newest one MUSCLE MUSIC is my FAVORITE! You can actually make music with my muscles! Changed the game yet again!
Yes I really wore the electrodes, but a little Old Spice magic made all the instruments respond.
I was fourteen.
Hell yeah that's true. Loved that character in GAMER. I have a dark side.
I love sci-fi! I'd jump at the chance...
Definitely needed to happen. I've had several concussions in my life, and the more they can be avoided the better.
I run 3-4 miles a day. minimum.
The ROLLERCAGE OF FIRE.
I would if asked. I'd audition. I'd be ready. But if that never happens -- I'd keep creating! I only control the things I can control. I let the rest go.
EVERYTHING. I was listening to Rick Ross, John Coltrane, Michael Buble in a megamix the other day. Chris Daughtry, Steve Perry, Tears For Fears, Kanye, all the way to Parliament. I love ALL MUSIC.
Name anyone else going from Sorkin to Old Spice to Expendables to El Gordo e LaFLaca in one fell swoop. Nah, I ain't worried.
It was one of the BEST moments of my entire life. The Wayans are geniuses and it was my breakthrough in my acting career. I'll never forget it. That was the moment my life changed.
100,000 bullets minimum.
I was in college and my job was pounding in signs around campus. My boss was lazy and i did all the work. Then HE called ME lazy. I got mad and quit.
You know what I learned? I never should have quit. I should have pounded more signs. I should have been the best sign pounder in the world. But I let one guys wrong opinion of me fake me out of my money. And I needed it. I almost starve. Pride is an ugly thing that must be killed at the very sight of it.
That monologue will set you FREE. You go to another place with that thing!
He is a force of nature. Truly incredible. He told me he was going to make me an action star and right now, I'm among the biggest in the world. Every time I'm with him I always learn more and more. He has reached SAGE status with everyone he's around.
Thank you! It's crazy because I found out later they where looking for a "Terry Crews" type guy for the Odor Blocker spots. Then somebody said "hey lets just ask him". And they did! I loved the concept and the rest is history!
I was trying to get into WRITING and directing! I did not want to act. Crazy huh? A friend invited me to an audition and I got it! a show called BATTLEDOME. Been acting ever since.
No regrets. Every role has a special place in my life. I only do what I love, so that way you have no regrets. If you dont agree with something and do it anyway that sets you up for regret.